• <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM. <i>Macbeth: A Tragedy.</i> London, 1673. FIRST SEPARATE AND FIRST QUARTO EDITION. THE CHARLTON HESTON COPY. $80,000 to $120,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> HEMINGWAY, ERNEST. <i>In Our Time.</i> Paris, 1924. FIRST EDITION, PRESENTATION COPY. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> HAWTHORNE, NATHANIEL. <i>Fanshawe, A Tale.</i> Boston, 1828. FIRST EDITION OF AUTHOR'S FIRST BOOK. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> THOREAU, HENRY DAVID. <i>Walden; Or, Life in the Woods.</i> Boston, 1854. FINE COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM. <i>Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies.</i> London, 1685. THE FOURTH FOLIO, Brewster/Bentley issue. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> STEIG, WILLIAM. Original maquette and 58 finished drawings for <i>The Agony in the Kindergarten,</i> one of Steig's most important books. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> VERNE, JULES. <i>A Journey to the Centre of the Earth.</i> New York & London, 1872. FIRST EDITION, RARE AMERICAN ISSUE, with Scribner & Welford cancel title. $5,000 to $8,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 5:</b> KING, STEPHEN. <i>Carrie.</i> New York, 1974. INSCRIBED FIRST EDITION, OF AUTHOR'S FIRST BOOK. $1,200 to $1,800.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 4:</b> APPLE MACINTOSH PROTOTYPE. 1983. The earliest known Macintosh with "Twiggy" drive, one of only two known working machines. $120,000 to $180,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 4:</b> PLATO. <i>Timaeus</i> [AND] <i>Critias</i> [from Ficini's 1484 Opera]. A LANDMARK OF SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT. $80,000 to $120,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 4:</b> LOVELACE, AUGUSTA ADA. Sketch of the Analytical Engine Invented by Charles Babbage Esq. London, 1843. FIRST EDITION, JOURNAL ISSUE, MOST IMPORTANT PAPER IN EARLY DIGITAL COMPUTING. $15,000 to $20,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 4:</b> APPLE-1 COMPUTER. Signed by Steve Wozniak, used in development of Apple II. $200,000 to $300,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 4:</b> DARWIN, CHARLES. 1809-1882. <i>On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection.</i> London, 1859. FIRST EDITION. $80,000 to $120,000.
  • <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 4. First printed world map to depict western Australia, 1680. Est. $7500 - $9000
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 31. One of the finest celestial charts ever produced, 1708. Est. $2500 - $3250
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 35. Stunning French armillary sphere, 1805. Est. $4000 - $5000
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 47. Speed's popular carte-a-figures map of the Americas, 1626. Est. $4750 - $6000
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 110. 1960 election map of the United States, 1960. Est. $250 - $325
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 115.<br>Arrowsmith's large-format map used by Lewis & Clark, 1802. Est. $8000 - $10000
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 359. German WWI propaganda map showing a "European brawl", 1914. Est. $1400 - $1700
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 380. The "Beetle" map of northern Europe, 1746. Est. $240 - $300
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 476. Braun & Hogenberg's first plan of Moscow, 1575. Est. $2400 - $3000
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 582. The first European-printed map of China, 1584. Est. $5500 - $6500
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 673. Complete French atlas with 62 maps in contemporary color, 1787. Est. $2750 - $3500
    <b>Old World Auctions (Nov 13):</b> Lot 676. Finley's early and important American atlas, 1828. Est. $4500 - $5500
  • <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works<br>on Paper including Books from The Collection of The Garden Ltd<br>November 21, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Bohr (Niels). <i>On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules,</i> first edition, presentation copy, offprint 1913. £20,000 to £30,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Shakespeare's Falstaff.- Henry V & Sir John Fastolf. Indenture agreement appointing Fastolf as Keeper of the Bastille of St Anthony at Paris, manuscript in French, 1421. £10,000 to £15,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> World.- Purchas (Samuel). <i>Purchas his Pilgrimes. In Five Books...,</i> 5 vol., first edition, 7 folding engraved maps, contemporary calf, by William Stansby for Henrie Fetherstone, 1625-26. £20,000 to £30,000
    <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works<br>on Paper including Books from The Collection of The Garden Ltd<br>November 21, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Book of Hours.- Use of Rouen, manuscript on vellum, in Latin and French, illuminated with 14 full-page miniatures by the workshop or follower of the Maitre de l'Echevinage, Rouen, 1480s. £20,000 t0 £30,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Giese (Raban, ?scholar and medical doctor). Album Amicorum of drawing on his travels and acquaintances in Europe 1618-21, 134 watercolour illustrations including c. 60 professional miniatures, 1618-39. £30,000 to £40,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Jones (David). 14 Autograph Letters signed, 1952-68; and a small quantity of ephemera (sm. qty). £6,000 to £8,000
    <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works<br>on Paper including Books from The Collection of The Garden Ltd<br>November 21, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Constable (John). Various Subjects of Landscape, Characteristic of English Scenery, signed presentation inscription from Constable, 1833. £6,000 to £8,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669). The Descent from the Cross: Second Plate, etching and engraving, 1633. £6,000 to £8,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Salvin (Francis Henry) and William Brodrick. <i>Falconry in the British Isles,</i> second edition, William Brodrick's copy with 3 original watercolours by him, 1873. £8,000 to £12,000
    <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works<br>on Paper including Books from The Collection of The Garden Ltd<br>November 21, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> China.- Helman (Isidore Stanislas Henri). <i>Suite des seize estampes representant les conquetes de l'Empereur de la Chine,</i> 1783-88. £10,000 to £15,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Nov. 21:</b> Pratt (Edward Roger, 1789-1863). Album of 28 watercolours and other works on paper from a journey to ancient sites and monuments in the Mediterranean, [c.1830 and later]. £3,000 to £5,000

Auction Update Review

31e77bdf-32ac-4507-80fa-906be9d244e4
87cf70bb-fe1e-44ae-ad9d-101e8d6cc190

The Market Mid-stride

For the week ending Saturday May 10th 5,758 lots were offered and 4,565 sold for a robust 79.28% success rate.  Turnover was $9,942,553.  The average lot brought $2,178.

<--- Skinners on May 16th.  American & European Prints & Photography.  Lot 16:  Thomas Hart Benton.  Homestead estimated $1,500 to $2,000

4 auctions saw their total proceeds reach a million dollars:

Heritage Auctions. Pin-up, Pulp, and Illustration Art on May 7th: $2,104,774
Sothebys. Photographs on May 7th: $1,851,575
Freemans. Modern and Contemporary Works of Art - Prints on May 4th: $1,521,633
Peter Arnold. Rare Books, Maps, Prints and Manuscripts on March 25th: $1,439,411

<--- RR Auction.  Monthly Sale ending on May 14th.  Lot 1:  George Washington framed material.  Starting bid $500

4 auctions saw total sales exceed 100% of the high estimates of all lots offered in the sale:

Eldreds. Asian Art - Books and Prints on May 2nd: 122.46%
Lyon and Turnbull. Rare Books, Maps and Manuscripts on May 7th: 114.57%
Dirk Soulis Auctions. Fine Art - Prints and Photography on April 25th: 100.26%
Peter Arnold. Rare Books, Maps, Prints and Manuscripts on March 25th: 100.14%

12 sales saw at least 80% of their lots sell:

Cowans Auctions. Civil War Union Generals' Cartes de Visite on April 30th: 99.07%
Heritage Auctions. Comics -Internet bidstart 4/27 on May 4th: 99.03%
Heritage Auctions. Movie Posters - Internet bidstart 4/27 on May 4th: 95.83%
Eldreds. Asian Art - Books and Prints on May 2nd: 95.24%
Dirk Soulis Auctions. Fine Art - Prints and Photography on April 25th: 94.81%
Heritage Auctions. Pin-up, Pulp, and Illustration Art on May 7th: 91.48%
Heritage Auctions. Rare Books - Internet bidstart 5/1 on May 8th: 91.22%
Swann Galleries. Art, Press & Illustrated Books on May 7th: 89.25%
Blacksparrow. Monterpalooza Charity Auction - Memorabilia on March 29th: 86.79%
Freemans. Modern and Contemporary Works of Art - Prints on May 4th: 86.06%
Lyon and Turnbull. Rare Books, Maps and Manuscripts on May 7th: 86.03%
Grays Auctioneers. Prints on April 30th: 80.28%

For the week ahead 40 sales are scheduled:

Mon. May. 12th
Bruun Rasmussen. Copenhagen. Old Master Prints. 7 lots
Artcurial. Paris. MIDDLE EAST & ISLAMIC ARTS-FOUR PRIVATE COLLECTIONS - Manuscripts. 86 lots

Tue. May. 13th
Burgersdijk and Niermans. Leiden. New and Antiquarian Books. 1167 lots
Bolaffi Ambassador Auctions. Milan. Antiquarian Books and Autographs. 762 lots
Swann Galleries. New York. Contemporary Art - Prints. 293 lots
Artcurial. Paris. Books and Manuscripts. 451 lots
Artcurial. Paris. Orientalism - Books. 2 lots
Bruun Rasmussen. Copenhagen. Modern and Contemporary Prints. 61 lots

Wed. May. 14th
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Space. 345 lots
ALDE. Paris. Ancient Books and the XIXth Century. 320 lots
Dominic Winter Book Auctions. Gloucestershire. PRINTED BOOKS & MAPS, TRAVEL & POLAR EXPLORATION, NATURAL HISTORY & SCIENCE. 551 lots
RR Auction. Amherst. Rare Manuscript, Document & Autograph - bidstart 4/25. 1180 lots
Binoche et Giquello. rue La Boetie, Paris. Dada Surrealism - Books, Manuscripts, Photographs.... 299 lots
Kedem Auction. Jerusalem . Jewish and Israeli History and Culture, Israeli and International Art. 431 lots
Robert Siegel Galleries. New York. Worldwide Postal History. 26 lots

Thu. May. 15th
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Comics. 1471 lots
Leslie Hindman Auctioneers. Chicago. Fine Prints. 329 lots
Dominic Winter Book Auctions. Gloucestershire. THE COLLECTORS SALE: Day One - HISTORIC AVIATION & TRANSPORT MODELS, MEMORABILIA & EPHEMERA. 164 lots
Sothebys. New York. Contemporary Art - Prints. 54 lots
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Rare Books - Internet bidstart 5/8. 497 lots
Aguttes. Neuilly-sur-Seine . Ancient Books and Documents. 296 lots
Binoche et Giquello. rue La Boetie, Paris. Dada Surrealism - Books, Manuscripts, Photographs..., Day II. 294 lots

Fri. May. 16th
Romantic Agony Book and Print Auctions. Brussels. Books. 1071 lots
Pierre Berge and Associes. Paris. Books. 423 lots
Gonnelli Casa DAste. Firenze. Books, Manuscripts, Prints. 400 lots
Skinner. Boston. American and European Prints and Photography. 188 lots
Keys Fine Arts Auctioneers. Norwich. Pictures and Prints. 114 lots
Hauff and Auvermann. Berlin-Wilmersdorf. Spring Auction - Part I: Old and rare Books. Autographs.. 645 lots
Hauff and Auvermann. Berlin-Wilmersdorf. Spring Auction - Part II. Old and rare Books. Engravings.. 692 lots
Dominic Winter Book Auctions. Gloucestershire. THE COLLECTORS SALE: Day Two - STAMPS & COINS MEDALS, ARMS & MILITARIA. 53 lots
Beaussant Lefevre. Paris. Prints. 8 lots

Sat. May. 17th
Clars Auction Gallery. Oakland. Prints and Photographs. 160 lots
Gonnelli Casa DAste. Firenze. Musical works, Autographs and signed books. 147 lots
Profiles in History. Calabasas Hills. DEBBIE REYNOLDS – THE AUCTION FINALE - Ephemera. 230 lots
Hauff and Auvermann. Berlin-Wilmersdorf. Spring Auction - Part III: Modern books. Posters. Photography.. 526 lots
Hauff and Auvermann. Berlin-Wilmersdorf. Spring Sale - Part IV: Modern and contemporary Art.. 245 lots

Sun. May. 18th
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Movie Posters - Internet bidstart 5/11.
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Comics -Internet bidstart 5/11.
Bonhams. Los Angeles. Period Art and Design - Prints. 54 lots
Clars Auction Gallery. Oakland. Prints and Photographs, Day 2. 108 lots
National Book Auctions. Ithaca. Books and Ephemera - Civil War, Am. West, Exploration, etc.by.

 

Forty sales in a single week.  It's simply stunning if no longer unexpected.

 

Bruce McKinney

AE

  • <center><b>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 25th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b> Fust-Schöffer-Bibel from Gutenberg-Press, 1462. Est: € 1,000,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>J. W. Weinmann, <i>Phytanthoza-Iconographia,</i> 1735-45. Est: € 60,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>O. Kokoschka, <i>Die träumenden Knaben,</i> 1917. Est: € 10,000
    <center><b>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 25th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>Z. Lilius, <i>Orbis breviarium,</i> 1493. <br>Est: € 10,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b> <i>Gazette du Bon Ton,</i> 1912-22.<br>Est: € 14,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>M. Chagall, <i>Daphnis & Chloé,</i> 1961. Est: € 100,000
    <center><b>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 25th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>C. Ptolemaeus, <i>Geographie,</i> 1513.<br>Est: € 100,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>E. L. Kirchner, <i>Umbra vitae,</i> 1924.<br>Est: € 6,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>J. Miró, <i>Midi le trèfle blanc,</i> 1968. Est: € 2,000
    <center><b>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 25th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b> Clemens V., <i>Constitutiones,</i> 1471.<br>Est: € 14,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>C. Gesner, <i>Tierbuch, Vogelbuch, Fischbuch,</i> 1563-81. Est: € 5,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, November 25:</b><br>J. Itten, Utopia, 1921. Est: € 2,000
  • <center><b>Skinner Auctions <br>Fine Books & Manuscripts <i>online</i><br> November 11-17
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Auctions <br>Fine Books & Manuscripts <i>online</i><br> November 11-17
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Auctions <br>Fine Books & Manuscripts <i>online</i><br> November 11-17
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Auctions <br>Fine Books & Manuscripts <i>online</i><br> November 11-17
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
    <center><b>Skinner Rare Book Auction November 11-17</b>
  • <center><b>Chiswick Auctions<br>Books & Works on Paper,<br>to include Travel, Sciences, <br>Sport & Illustrated Art<br>November 20, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> [Herberstein, Sigismund von, & al.] <i>Rerum Moscoviticarum…,</i> 4 plates, illustrations, folio, Andreas Wevhelius, Frankfurt, 1600. £1,500 to £2,000
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Bowen (Emmanuel) & Owen (John). <i>Britannia Depicta…,</i> fourth edition, engraved title and 273 maps, 4to, Thomas Bowles, 1753. £700 to £900
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Geographical Game.- Jefferys (Thomas). <i>The Royal Geographical Pastime or the Tour of Europe,</i> FIRST EDITION, engraving of Europe, map c. 507 x 665 mm, Thomas Jefferys, 1768. £600 to £800
    <center><b>Chiswick Auctions<br>Books & Works on Paper,<br>to include Travel, Sciences, <br>Sport & Illustrated Art<br>November 20, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Germany.- Homann (Johann Baptist). <i>Atlas Novus Terrarum Orbis Imperia... Atlas von Deutschland,</i> engraved half title, 87 maps only, folio, Erben, Nuremberg, 1753. £8,000 to £10,000
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Iceland [Løvenørns (Poul)]. <i>Beskrivelse over den Iislandske…,</i> 10 engraved maps and plates, vignettes, 4to, Copenhagen, F. W. Thiele, 1788. £600 to £800
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Lewis (John Frederick). <i>Illustrations of Constantinople…,</i> FIRST EDITION, frontispiece and 26 views folio, T. McLean, D.& P. Colnaghi & John F. Lewis, [1838]. £2,000 to £3,000
    <center><b>Chiswick Auctions<br>Books & Works on Paper,<br>to include Travel, Sciences, <br>Sport & Illustrated Art<br>November 20, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Lilford (Lord, Thomas Littleton Powys, 4th Baron). <i>Coloured Figures of the Birds of the British Islands,</i> 7 vol., second edition, [one of 450 sets], 421 plates, large 8vo, 1891-97. £1,800 to £2,200
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Londres [panorama], engraving, 350 x 520mm, chez Baltazar Moncornet, Paris, c.1666-68. £800 to £1,200
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Van Keulen (Joannes). <i> Niewe Pas Caarte Strekkende van Pta Cataon tot Pta Lamtaon…,</i> copper engraved map, hand coloured, 510 x 585mm, Amsterdam, [1753]. £1,200 to £1,500
    <center><b>Chiswick Auctions<br>Books & Works on Paper,<br>to include Travel, Sciences, <br>Sport & Illustrated Art<br>November 20, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Goethe (Johann Wolfgang von). <i> Prologue dans le ciel, Traduction de Gerard de Nerval…,</i> 11 double sheets with calligraphic handwriting, 33 fine gouaches, Philippe Gonin, [Paris, c. 1932]. £400 to £600
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Murphy (Jill, author and illustrator) ARR. <i> Peace at Last & The Large Family: All in One Piece,</i> 10 pieces of original artwork from the two books, 1980 & 1987 (12). £1,800 to £2,000
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Nov. 20:</b> Rembrandt (Harmensz. van Rijn). Christ at Emmaus: the larger plate, etching and drypoint, 212 x 161mm, sheet 225 x 170mm, 1654. £1,000 to £1,500
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b><br>Dr. Seuss, pen, ink & watercolor, calendar illustration, Thomas D. Murphy Company, 1937. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Georges Lepape, <i>Sur la Terrasse,</i> gouache & pencil, cover for <i>Vogue,</i> 1930. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Charles Dana Gibson, <i>The Coming Game, Yale vs. Vassar,</i> pen & ink, for <i>Life</i> magazine, 1895. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b><br>H.A. Rey, color pencil, charcoal, watercolor & gouache, for <i>Rafi et les 9 singes,</i> 1939. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Ernest H. Shepard, pen & ink, for Kenneth Grahame’s <i>Bertie’s Escapade,</i> 1949. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Charles Schulz, <i>The Biggest Star Measured So Far,</i> ink & wash, original <i>Peanuts</i> cartoon, published 1961. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Saul Steinberg, <i>12 Biographies, A to B,</i> pen & ink with collage, final illustration in his book <i>The Labyrinth,</i> 1960. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b><br>Jo Mielziner, <i>A Streetcar Named Desire,</i> watercolor, graphite & gouache, first color study for the award-winning 1947 production. $7,000 to $10,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Charles Addams, <i>Nevermore,</i> watercolor & ink, for <i>The New Yorker,</i> 1973. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> James Montgomery Flagg, <i>I Should Worry,</i> watercolor, gouache & graphite, cover for <i>Judge</i> magazine, 1914. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Edward Gorey, <i>Swan Lake, Hunters/Siegfried, Van Rothbart,</i> watercolor, pen & ink, costume designs, 1975. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Dec 10:</b> Ludwig Bemelmans, <i>Sketch for Madeline,</i> gouache & ink. $6,000 to $9,000.