Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - January - 2020 Issue

Persuasive Mapping from Boston Rare Maps

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Persuasive Maps.

Boston Rare Maps has issued their Catalog 3. Reformers & Visionaries, Scoundrels & Incendiaries. 250 Years of Persuasive Mapping. That is an odd title for a map catalogue, but then again, so are the maps herein. Typically, maps are just maps, something designed to show you what the layout of a section of geography looks like as accurately as the mapmaker can. It may not be fully accurate – older maps of the world during the age of discovery rarely were – but that was for lack of information. These maps, “persuasive maps,” were less concerned with representative accuracy than with promoting a point of view. Some were designed to be funny, others serious, but most have a story to tell. An example of persuasive mapping recently in the news was Russia insisting that Google Maps when accessed in that country show Crimea as part of Russia, not Ukraine, where it legally belongs. Russia is more interested in selling its story than legal accuracy. This catalogue is filled with such stories, and it makes for a fascinating collection of maps. Here are a few samples.

 

We begin with a map from the time of the American Civil War. The map is accurate, and yet it has been highlighted to relay a message to its readers. The heading is The Progress of the Union Armies. What the Rebels Claimed in 1861. What They Hold in 1863. It also specifies “The Situation – August 1863.” Union states and territories are unshaded. Areas claimed by the Confederacy in 1861 are shaded in gray, while areas still controlled by the Confederacy are shown in black. The immediate impression is that the South has lost almost two-thirds of the territory it once claimed to control. Only South Carolina and Georgia remain fully in the hands of the Confederates. Coastal North Carolina and Virginia are under Union forces, while West Virginia has separated itself and joined the Union. The border and southwestern states are now totally under Union control, as is Florida, most of Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. Even Alabama has lost a slice. The timing is unlikely a coincidence. It comes only a few weeks after the Battle of Gettysburg, a turning point in the war. Nevertheless, northern Copperheads were still trying to pull the Union out of the war. The draft riots in New York were still just a few weeks old. Clearly, the unnamed mapmaker is seeking to buoy the spirits of Union supporters with a map that implies their side is handily winning the war and a favorable outcome is inevitable. Priced at $3,750.

 

Next we move to another war, another country. It comes from 1941 or 1942 and it was printed in occupied France, either by the Germans of Vichy regime. It displays Winston Churchill as a hideous green octopus, one with 12 tentacles instead of the usual eight. The heading is Confiance...Ses Amputations se Poursuivent Méthodiquement (trust...his amputations are proceeding methodically). Churchill's tentacles reach from England to other countries on the map. However, seven of the tentacles have had their ends chopped off, bleeding profusely for added effect. Four countries in northern Africa, Syria, Germany, and Norway have all had their tentacles severed. Like the Confederacy in the previous map, England is quite literally losing its grip on the world. One can only assume that it is just a matter of time before the remaining tentacles are methodically amputated. $2,250.

 

This next map is also from World War II, but rather than being frightful and ugly, it is amusing. This is true despite the scary heading – This is Ann...she drinks blood! As it explains, “Her full name is Anopheles Mosquito and she's dying to meet you! Her trade is dishing out MALARIA!” Published in 1943, it is a warning to American armed forces to protect themselves from malaria. The Japanese occupation of the Philippines and Indonesia cut off the West from anti-malarial quinine, so extra caution was necessary. The world map highlights in red those areas where there is danger, darker red for high risk, lighter for medium, lightly shaded for low. Along with the warning above the map is a depiction of “Ann” drinking a glass of blood. When you see it, you will immediately recognize the unnamed artist. The style can be none other than that of Theodore Geisel, better known to generations of children as Dr. Seuss. Geisel did many illustrations during the war for posters supporting the American cause. $1,500.

 

This has to be the ultimate in iconic American political maps. It gave rise to a word used to describe an election-fixing practice more widespread today than it was when this broadside was created two centuries ago. The heading is Natural and Political History or the Gerry-mander. For the 1812 election in Massachusetts, the Democratic-Republicans came up with a clever idea. They would redraw state senate districts in a way most favorable to their party. One such place was Essex County, north of Boston. To assure a victory by their party, a winding, twisting district was created which resembled the mythical salamander, a dragon-like creature. The bill creating the district was signed by the Democratic-Republican Governor, Elbridge Gerry. This cartoon first appeared in the Federalist newspaper the Boston Gazette, with the cartoonist giving the practice the name “Gerry-mander” in “honor” of the Governor. The broadside displays this creature, shaped like the “gerrymandered” senate district. The trick worked well. The Democratic-Republicans won the Senate by a wide margin. However, poor Gerry was defeated for reelection and the Federalists also captured the House. Still, he made out all right, being nominated by his party and elected Vice-President under James Madison later that year. He died in office in 1814. Elbridge Gerry was an important leader during Revolutionary times and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and yet this notable patriot is remember almost entirely today for the epithet using his name which describes one of the most corrupt of political practices. We seem unable to get rid of it even all these years later. This broadside was published sometime later than its original appearance in the Gazette, circa 1813-1822. $25,000.

 

This next map is a classic from the Prohibition era, specifically 1926. It is titled Bootlegger's Map of the United States. The creator was Edward McCandlish, who displays not only his cartographic skills but an imaginative sense of humor. It is filled with wordplay names for numerous places around the country, most being a play on booze-related words. Maine gives us Bar-Harbor and Port-Land. Illinois offers Free-Port. States include Vir-GIN-ia and Souse Ca'liny. New Mexico has Albu-Corky, Tennessee Mash-Ville. Boise, Idaho, becomes Booze, Denison, Texas, Den-A-Sin. Naturally, there is Lake Champagne. Not all of the jokes are alcohol related, such as Ark and Saw or Hell-In-Her, Montana. $2,250.

 

Boston Rare Maps can be reached at 413-527-4020 or info@bostonraremaps.com. Their website is found at www.bostonraremaps.com.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b><center>Doyle<br>Rare Books, Autographs & Maps<br>September 23, 2021</b>
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 20. ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY. Letter to the editors of the Boston Atlas on slavery and its political ramifications, 1842. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 208. HEMINGWAY, ERNEST. <i>A Farewell To Arms.</i> New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1929. First edition. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 237. ADDAMS, CHARLES. Original drawing "Now Remember-act casual." $5,000 to $7,000.
    <b><center>Doyle<br>Rare Books, Autographs & Maps<br>September 23, 2021</b>
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 4. SMITH, ADAM. <i>An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations.</i> Philadelphia, 1789. The first American edition. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 131. BEETHOVEN, LUDWIG VON. <i>Cinquieme Sinfonie en ut mineur: C Moll de Louis Van Beethoven. Oeuvre 67.</i> First edition of the complete score. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 73. Chinese Export Painting. Album of twenty-three original Chinese natural history studies of flowers and insects. Likely Canton: circa 1850. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b><center>Doyle<br>Rare Books, Autographs & Maps<br>September 23, 2021</b>
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 241. GOREY, EDWARD. Original drawing "Cat Drawing Wallpaper." Signed in Pencil in lower right margin. $2,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 36. LINCOLN, ABRAHAM. Autograph note signed instructing Edwin Stanton to meet with the important African American abolitionist and officer Martin Delany. [Washington:] 21 February 1865. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 112. JONSON, BEN. <i>Workes</i>. London: William Stansby, 1616; Together with <i>Workes.</i> London: Richard Meighen,1640-41. $7,000 to $10,000.
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 161. STURGIS, LEE. <i>Salmon Fishing on Cain River, New Brunswick.</i> (Chicago:) Privately printed (for the author by Ralph Fletcher Seymour), 1919. First edition. $3,000 to $5,000.
  • <b><center>Fonsie Mealy’s<br>The Library of Howth Castle<br>September 22nd & 23rd, 2021</b>
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Rosellini (Ippolito). <i>I Monumenti dell Egitto e Della Nubia,</i> Plate Volumes 1, 11 & 111, 3 vols. Elephant folio. €50,000 to €80,000.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Curtis (William), 1746 - 179, & other Editors. <i>The Botanical Magazine: or, The Flower Garden Displayed.</i> London 1793 - 1982-83. Together 184 vols. [with] other botanical material. €30,000 to €40,000.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Berkeley (George). <i>A Treatise Concerning the principles of Human Knowledge, wherein the chief Causes of Error and Difficulty in the Sciences…</i> Part I, Dublin, 1710 Rare First Edn. €15,000 to €20,000.
    <b><center>Fonsie Mealy’s<br>The Library of Howth Castle<br>September 22nd & 23rd, 2021</b>
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Ruskin (John). A large finely executed Pencil Drawing, captioned <i>Oxford Cathedral, The Choir,</i> & Signed 'J. Ruskin Ch. Ch. 1838. €15,000 to €20,000.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Sir Edward L. Lutyens. Howth Castle Plans: A Series of 10 Original Architects Drawings and Sketches, Alterations and Additions for J.C. Gaisford St. Lawrence, County Dublin, Ireland. €8,000 to €12,000.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Newman (Rev. Fr. John Henry, later Cardinal, now Saint) A very good collection of 24 A.L.S. to [Thomas] Gaisford of the Gaisford St. Lawrence family of Howth Castle. €10,000 to €15,000.
    <b><center>Fonsie Mealy’s<br>The Library of Howth Castle<br>September 22nd & 23rd, 2021</b>
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Manuscript Atlas: Hodges, Smith & Co. <i>The Estate of the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Howth Situate in the County of Dublin,</i> lg. atlas folio Dublin (Hodges, Smith & Co.) 1863. €4,000 to €6,000.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Anon. <i>Herbolario Volgare: nel quale se dimostra conoscer le herbe et le sue vrtu…</i> Sm. 8vo Venice (Gio Maria Palamides) 1539. €3,000 to €4,000.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Baron (Caesar). <i>Annales Ecclesiastici</i>. [With] <i>Annalium Ecclesiasticorum Caesaris Baronii... Apparatus.</i> [With] <i>Index Universalis Rerum Omnium</i> [and one other]. 38 vols total. €1,500 to €2,000.
    <b><center>Fonsie Mealy’s<br>The Library of Howth Castle<br>September 22nd & 23rd, 2021</b>
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Log Books of Three British Warships. Three folio Volumes, containing meticulously arranged logs of the voyages of Royal Navy Ships from 1876 – 1881. €1,200 to €1,800.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Walpole (Robert). <i>Memoirs Relating to European and Asiatic Turkey,</i> lg. 4to Lond. 1817. €1,000 to €1,500.
    <b>Fonsie Mealy’s, Sep. 22-23:</b> Bosio (Antonio). <i>Roma Sotteranea,</i> Opera Postuma. Large thick folio Rome (Guglielmo Facciotti) 1632. €1,000 to €1,500.
  • <b>Il Ponte, Sep. 21:</b> ZEILER, Martin - <i>Topographiae Italiae.</i> Francoforte: Mattheus Merian, 1688. €3,500 to €4,500.
    <b>Il Ponte, Sep. 21:</b> HAMILTON, William, Sir -- HANCARVILLE, Pierre-Francois HUGUES - Collection of Etruscan, Greek and Roman Antiquities from the Cabinet of the Hon. William Hamilton. Napoli: Francois Morelli, 1766-67. €38,000 to €48,000.
    <b>Il Ponte, Sep. 21:</b> [ASTRONOMIA] - Manoscritto astronomico. Italia: 1650. €1,000 to €1,500.
    <b>Il Ponte, Sep. 21:</b> DALI, Salvador - <i>Biblia Sacra vulgatae editionis.</i> Edizione “Ad Personam” Milano: Rizzoli, 1967. €40,000 to €60,000.
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> C.F. Payne, <i>Micawber—Imitating Norman Rockwell's "Triple self-portrait,"</i> acrylic, watercolor & colored pencil, 2002. Sold June 2021 for $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Jane Russell, archive of letters written during a whaling voyage, 1840s. Sold July 2021 for $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Guild of Women Binders, exhibition binding of A.F. Pollard’s <i>Henry VIII,</i> London, 1902. Sold July 2021 for $12,350.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Robert Frost, <i>Collected Poems,</i> author’s presentation copy, signed, with entirety of <i>Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening</i> inscribed, NY, 1930. Sold June 2021 for $20,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> James Joyce, <i>Ulysses,</i> deluxe limited issue, signed, London, 1936. Sold June 2021 for $21,250.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Mercator [family], <i>[World and Continents],</i> 5 double-page maps, Amsterdam, c. 1633. Sold June 2021 for $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> George Schlegel, <i>New York, Taken from Central Park,</i> hand-finished color-tinted lithograph, 1874. Sold June 2021 for $11,250.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Nicolaus Copernicus, <i>De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium,</i> second edition, Basel, 1566. Sold April 2021 for $75,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Book of Hours, Use of Utrecht, illuminated manuscript, c. 1435-45. Sold April 2021 for $60,000.

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