Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - October - 2015 Issue

Radical Politics from Lorne Bair Rare Books

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Radicals and more radicals.

Lorne Bair Rare Books recently published their Catalog 22. To quote Bair's description, along with some unusual items, it contains "our usual assortment of Communists, Peaceniks, Wobblies, Utopians, Panthers, Free Lovers, and much more." The material ranges from the socialists, communists, and anarchists of the left-wing union movement of the late 19th century to the radical elements of the civil rights movement of the second half of the 20th century. And, from all times, there are the free lovers, who at times spoke more freely than at others. This material is fascinating, often entertaining from hindsight. These writers so often understood the problems, even if they struggled to find a workable answer. Here are a few examples.

 

Before there was Bernie Sanders, there was Eugene V. Debs. He ran for President as a socialist five times, reaching a high of 6% of the vote in 1912. The last time he ran from prison, having been sentenced for his determined opposition to participation in World War I. In 1901, several socialist and union groups came together to form the Socialist Party of the United States of America. Three years later, they held their first convention. Item 72 is a large photograph of 212 delegates at this first convention. A number was etched into the negative next to each person, and a printed, numbered list of their names is on the paper which serves as the backing for the photograph. An inserted, slightly larger photograph includes a few notable members, and right in the middle is their longtime standard bearer Eugene V. Debs. Priced at $4,500.

 

Debs was never elected to any political office after he switched from the Democratic to the Socialist Party. However, here is a man who was elected to the New York City Council as a Communist. Benjamin Davis grew up in the South, and became radicalized by the conviction of black, labor organizer and Communist Angelo Herndon. Later moving to New York, Davis was elected to the city council in 1943 representing Harlem. He remained in office until 1949, when he was expelled after being convicted of attempting to overthrow the government. While in 1943, when the U.S. was allied with the Soviet Union during the Second World War, it was possible to get away with being a Communist, the Red Scare era that followed doomed Davis' political career. He served over three years in prison, and while never returning to public office, he was able to speak at several college campuses in the 1960's. Item 13 is a collection of material primarily from Davis' political career, including photographs, campaign material, and other items almost entirely from the time prior to his arrest. $1,800.

 

Next we have an enormous archive of material pertaining to the subject of what was likely America's most notorious death penalty case. It generated enormous opposition to the death penalty, not only in the U.S. but across the globe. Opponents to the execution of Caryl Chessman ranged from Eleanor Roosevelt to Billy Graham. Even such conservative stalwarts as William F. Buckley spoke against his execution. It was all in vain. Chessman was executed on May 2, 1960. Chessman was a petty criminal in Los Angeles when he went on a crime spree that included several hold ups and a couple of rapes. That was the charge and conviction, though Chessman maintained he was a victim of mistaken identity and a coerced "confession." Several factors led to his becoming a cause célèbre. First, Chessman didn't kill anyone. He was one of the last people executed in America for a non-capital crime. The crime for which he was executed involved kidnapping, the prosecution using the creative claim that dragging his rape victim to the side was a kidnapping. Then, Chessman turned out to be surprisingly intelligent, authoring four books in prison (one was made into a movie) and preparing numerous legal appeals. The result was his case dragged on for years. By the time he was executed, the statute under which he was convicted had been repealed. While today death sentence appeals routinely go on for years and years, this was not the case in the 1950's, the 12 years between his conviction and execution being a record, which allowed for the clamor of public appeals to spare his life to build up repeatedly as new execution dates were set. Reportedly, the California Supreme Court attempted to stay the last date but the message did not reach the prison in time.

 

This archive comes from the estate of Joseph E. Longstreth, who was Chessman's literary agent and became a very close personal friend. It includes several unpublished books and stories written by Chessman in prison along with material concerning his four published works. There are also typed legal appeals and 2,100 letters, either from Chessman or concerning his case. Item 39. $50,000.

 

Item 94 is a 1917 book edited by James Waldo Fawcett, Jailed for Birth Control: The Trial of William Sanger, September 10, 1915. William Sanger isn't well known, but his wife still is. She was the pioneer in birth control and women's reproductive rights advocate Margaret Sanger. She created the term "birth control," published pamphlets on it for which she was sent to prison, and later formed the precursor to Planned Parenthood, which amazingly enough, is still controversial today. Oddly, it was her husband, William, who went to jail first. Margaret fled New York for England after being arrested. William was then tricked by an agent pretending to be a poor man with a large family into giving him one of his wife's "obscene" booklets. He ended up going to jail first. William and Margaret had a difficult marriage. He was a radical and Bohemian who introduced her to like-minded friends. She became sympathetic to their ideals, with her attention then turning to women's rights. In the day, women were generally expected to produce babies and not do much else but housework. She saw birth control as essential to women's ability to control their own lives. While William supported his wife's movement wholeheartedly, and went to jail for it, he really wanted her to be more domestic in their own lives, which she was not. The troubled marriage ended in divorce in 1921. $200.

 

Lorne Bair Rare Books may be reached at 540-665-0855 or info@lornebair.com. Their website is www.lornebair.com.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <center><b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé<br>Sales Exhibition Catalogue 47<br>Part III<br>Antiquarian Temptations:<br>Rare Books, Atlases & Maps,<br>Photos & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé:</b> PIETER MORTIER. “Le Neptune Francois ou Atlas Nouveau des Cartes Marines. Levées et Gravées par ordre Exprés du Roy…” Paris, 1693.
    <b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé:</b> MARC CHAGALL illus. SHAKESPEARE. “The Tempest.” Large folio. Monte-Carlo, 1975. Signed by the artist.
    <b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé:</b> JOHN SPEED and followers. “A New and Accurate Map of the World.” Hand-colored engraving. London (1626 – 1627 – circa 1650) – 1676.
    <center><b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé<br>Sales Exhibition Catalogue 47<br>Part III<br>Antiquarian Temptations:<br>Rare Books, Atlases & Maps,<br>Photos & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé:</b> MATTHÄUS SEUTTER. “The Colossus Series.” Set of 4 prints, contemporary hand-colored engravings, each c. 57x49cm. Augsburg c. 1730
    <b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé:</b> (CHARLES LE BRUN). “La Grande Galerie De Versailles, et Les Deux Salons qui L’Accompagnent, peints Par Charles Le Brun premier Peintre de Louis XIV…” Paris, 1752.
    <b>Galleri Bygdoy Allé:</b> G. BRAUN – F. HOGENBERG. “Danorum Marca.” Contemporary hand-colored engraving, 33x48cm. Cologne, 1588.
  • <b>Bonhams, June 29:</b> LIFE OF OSLER, PRESENTATION COPY TO NEPHEW NORMAN GWYN. CUSHING, HARVEY. 1869-1939. <i>The Life of Sir William Osler.</i> Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1925. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Bonhams, June 29:</b> OSLER TO HALSTED MENTIONING CUSHING AND WELCH. Autograph Letter Signed ("Wm Osler") to William Stewart Halsted on medical matters, 2 pp, January 19, 1919. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Bonhams, June 29:</b> CUSHING PRESENTATION COPY TO LUCIEN PRICE. CUSHING, HARVEY. <i>Intracranial Tumours.</i> Springfield, 1932. $1,000 to $1,500.
    <b>Bonhams, June 29:</b> OSLER ON HIS CHILDHOOD. Autograph Letter Signed ("Wm Osler") to Mabel [Brewster] on returning home to Staplehurst. $800 to $1,200.
    <b>Bonhams, June 29:</b> SCULTETUS, JOHANNES. 1595-1645. <i>Cheiroplotheke, seu armamentarium chirurgicum XLIII.</i> Ulm: Balthasar Kühnen, 1655. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Bonhams, June 29:</b> VICQ D'AZYR, FELIX. 1748-1794. <i>Traite d'anatomie et de physiologie.</i> Paris: Didot l'aine, 1786. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Bonhams, June 29:</b> TAGAULT, JEAN. C.1499-1546. <i>De chirugica institutione libri quinque....</i> Lyon: Guillaume Rouillé, 1549. $400 to $600.
    <b>Bonhams, June 30:</b> EDWARD S. CURTIS (1868-1952). Autograph Logs and Journals from his 1927 Alaska Expedition. $7,000 to $ 9,000.
    <b>Bonhams, June 30:</b> EDWARD S. CURTIS (1868-1952). Cañon de Chelley, 1904. Oversized orotone, 17 x 22in in original Curtis Studio frame. $30,000 to $50,000.
    <b>Bonhams, June 30:</b> EDWARD S. CURTIS (1868-1952). 26 cyanotypes, featuring images of Cheyenne tribes from Volume VI of <i>North American Indian,</i> c.1907, made by Curtis in the field. $30,000 to $50,000.
    <b>Bonhams, June 30:</b> EDWARD S. CURTIS (1868-1952). The Vanishing Race, 1904. Oversized orotone, 18 x 24in in original Curtis Studio frame. $20,000 to $30,000.
  • <center><b>Cowan’s<br>American Historical Ephemera<br>& Photography<br>June 25, 2021</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [CIVIL WAR] -- [SHERIDAN, Philip Henry]. Personal headquarters flag of Philip Henry Sheridan used when he led the 2nd Michigan Cavalry. Spring - Summer 1862. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [EARLY PHOTOGRAPHY]. Half plate daguerreotype of firefighter Walter Van Erven Dorens. [San Francisco]: n.p., [ca 1854-1856]. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [LINCOLNIANA]. Abraham Lincoln banner possibly made for the 1864 presidential campaign. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <center><b>Cowan’s<br>American Historical Ephemera<br>& Photography<br>June 25, 2021</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [REVOLUTIONARY WAR - CONTINENTAL CONGRESS]. [HOLTEN, Dr. Samuel]. An archive of letters related to Danvers, Massachusetts, physician and statesman Dr. Samuel Holten. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD]. CARBUTT, John, photographer. Exceptional collection of 27 stereoviews from the series, "Excursion to the 100th Meridian, October 1866." Chicago, [1866]. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [ALASKAN GOLD RUSH]. William Steele West and family, extensive archive of photographs, diaries, correspondence, and personal items. [Ca 19th - 20th century]. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <center><b>Cowan’s<br>American Historical Ephemera<br>& Photography<br>June 25, 2021</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [TAYLOR, Zachary]. Quarter plate daguerreotype featuring the 12th President of the United States. N.p.: n.p., [ca 1845]. $8,000 to $10,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [WASHINGTON, George]. Signed Society of the Cincinnati document. $5,000 to $7,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> LINCOLN, Abraham. Autograph endorsement signed ("A. Lincoln"), as President. [Washington], 29 September 1862. 1 page, 4to, old creases. $5,000 to $7,000.
    <center><b>Cowan’s<br>American Historical Ephemera<br>& Photography<br>June 25, 2021</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> JEFFERSON, Thomas. Autograph letter signed ("Th. Jefferson"), as United States President, to Robert Patterson. Washington DC, 2 July 1805. 1 page, 4to, evenly toned, small tear from seal. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [EARLY PHOTOGRAPHY] -- [ALCOTT, Elizabeth Sewall]. Ninth plate ruby ambrotype attributed to Elizabeth Sewall Alcott. N.p., [ca 1856-1857]. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 25:</b> [WESTERN AMERICANA]. RUSSELL, Andrew Joseph, photographer. <i>Salt Lake City, From the Top of the Tabernacle.</i> [1869]
  • <b><center>Sotheby’s<br>Livres et Manuscrits :<br>de Cervantès à Houellebecq<br>18 – 25 June</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, 18 – 25 June:</b> Jouve, Paul -- François-Louis Schmied -- Rudyard Kipling. <i>Le Livre de la Jungle,</i> 1919.<br>€ 80,000 to € 120,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, 18 – 25 June:</b> Cervantès Saavedra, Miguel de. <i>El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha.</i> Bruxelles, 1607.<br>€ 30,000 to € 50,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, 18 – 25 June:</b> Buren, Daniel - Aimé Césaire. Cahier d'un retour au pays natal. Solstice, 2004. 1/140 ex. Avec 1/20 suites d'œuvres originales.<br>€ 4,000 to € 6,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, 18 – 25 June:</b> [Musique] - Gioacchino Traversa. Six sonates à violon seul. [Vers 1770].<br>€ 3,000 to € 5,000.
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 24:</b> C.F. Payne, <i>Micawber, Imitating Norman Rockwell’s “Triple self-portrait,”</i> mixed media, 2002. $800 to $1,200.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 24:</b> Brian Froud, media illustration published in <i>The Land of Froud,</i> 1977. Estimate $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 24:</b> Haddon Sundblom, <i>All a Girl Needs,</i> oil on canvas, published in <i>The Ladies’ Home Journal,</i> 1942. $8,000 to $10,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 24:</b> Adrianne Lobel, <i>My One and Only,</i> 26 scenic concept collages for the Broadway musical, 1983. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 24:</b> Charles Schulz, original four-panel pen and ink <i>Peanuts</i> comic strip, 1971. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 24:</b>Jack Davis, mixed media cartoon for <i>Playboy,</i> 1959. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 24:</b> Charles Addams, mixed media cartoon for <i>The New Yorker,</i> 1937. $6,000 to $9,000.

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