Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - April - 2005 Issue

American Treaties and Diplomacy from William Reese Co.

R0409

This treaty ended the French and Indian War, a major, but short-lived, British triumph.


During the Revolution, the Floridas had been returned to Spain. However, by the 1820s, Spain had become weakened, and faced numerous battles with the residents of its empire to the south. Fearing the British might take advantage of this weakness to regain the Floridas, the U.S. convinced Spain to sell the territory. With John Quincy Adams heading up the negotiators, the Adams-Onis Treaty was signed, ceding the Floridas to the United States. This treaty also set out the boundaries between the land obtained in the Louisiana Purchase and the Spanish colony of Mexico to the south. That line followed the Sabine, Red, and Arkansas Rivers, leaving Texas and the Southwest in Spanish possession. Item 154 is a Message from the President...Transmitting a Copy of a Ratified Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and Limits... $1,250.

In 1842, the Webster-Ashburton Treaty set out the border between Canada and the United States in the East. Item 188 is the Treaty Between Her Majesty and the United States... $1,000. However, resolving the western boundary would be more contentious. The cry of "fifty-four forty or fight" would have incorporated much of Canada into the U.S. However, in the year of 1846, America was involved with expansion into Mexican territory, and could not afford confrontation with the British as well. The Americans settled for the 49th parallel, the border today. Item 191 is the Treaty...for the Settlement of the Oregon Boundary. $4,000.

Now the U.S. could focus fully on the Mexican War, and it would be an overwhelming American victory. Texas had already declared its independence from Mexico and been accepted by the U.S. This would be recognized, and what is now the American Southwest and California would be ceded by Mexico. This Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits, and Settlement..., better known as the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, would create the third largest expansion in U.S. history (after Louisiana and Alaska). Item 197. $8,500.

Just one more small piece would be needed to complete the boundaries of the continental states. The southwestern border with Mexico was still farther north at the time than it is today. The U.S. wanted additional land to afford a southern route for a transcontinental railroad. In 1854, land along the southern border of New Mexico and Arizona was purchased for $10 million in what is known as the Gadsden Purchase. Item 202 is a Treaty...United States and Mexico. $225.

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  • <center><b>Arader Galleries<br>April Auction<br>April 4, 2020</b>
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> MITCHELL, John (1711-1768). A Map of the British and French Dominions in North America. Copperplate engraving with original hand color. London, 1755. $250,000 to $350,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AUDUBON, John James (1785 - 1851). Brown Pelican (Standing), Plate 251. Aquatint engraving with original hand color. London, 1827-1838. $175,000 to $225,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AUDUBON, John James (1785 - 1851). Fish Hawk or Osprey, Plate 81. Aquatint engraving with original hand color. London: 1827-1838. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <center><b>Arader Galleries<br>April Auction<br>April 4, 2020</b>
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> GONZALES DE MENDOZA, Juan (1545 - 1618). <i>The Historie of the great and mightie kingdome of China…</i> London, 1588. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> VERBIEST, Ferdinand (1623-1688). [World Map] Kun-Yu Ch'uan-Tu. Engraved twelve sheet map with vertical sections joined to form six sheets. Korea, Seoul, c. 1860. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> SANGGI, Chong (1678-1752). Korean Atlas. Manuscript map on mulberry bark paper. C. 1750-1790. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <center><b>Arader Galleries<br>April Auction<br>April 4, 2020</b>
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AUDUBON, John James (1785 - 1851). Ivory-billed Woodpecker, Plate 66. Aquatint engraving with original hand color. London, 1827-1838. $80,000 to $120,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AKERMAN, Anders (1721-1778). & AKREL, Frederik (1779-1868). Pair of Celestial and Terrestrial Globes. Stockholm, c. 1800. 23 inch diameter, each. $60,000 to $100,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> BENNETT, Lieut. William Pyt (d. in action, 1916). AN IMPORTANT AND APPARENTLY UNPUBLISHED SERIES OF GELATIN SILVER PHOTOGRAPHS OF LHASA AND TIBET TAKEN DURING THE CELEBRATED YOUNGHUSBAND MISSION OF 1904. $60,000 to $80,000
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Abraham Lincoln, <i>Emancipation Proclamation by the President of the United States,</i> pamphlet, 1862. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Family papers of the distinguished Ruby-Jackson family, Portland, Maine, 1853-1961. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Family papers of the Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens & the persons who served him, 1866-1907. $25,000 to $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Autograph book with inscriptions by orators Moses Roper & Peter Williams, 1821-54. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Archive of letters, postcards, and greeting cards sent by Romare Bearden, 1949-87. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b><br>E. Simms Campbell, <i>A Night-Club Map of Harlem,</i> in inaugural issue of Manhattan, 1933. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Papers of the comedian Nipsey Russell, including a letter from MLK, 1929-2000. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Early German-American anti-slavery broadside, <i>Sclaven-Handel,</i> Philadelphia, 1794. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Edmonia Lewis, prominent sculptor, carte-de-visite by Henry Rocher, c. 1866-71. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b><br><i>The Black Panther: Black Community News Service,</i> 44 issues, San Francisco, 1967-1971. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Ernest Withers, <i>I Am A Man, Sanitation Workers Strike,</i> silver print, 1968. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> <i>March For Freedom Now!,</i> poster for the 1960 Republican Convention. $4,000 to $6,000.

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