Rare Book Monthly

Articles - September - 2008 Issue

Amazon Purchases AbeBooks... The Book Community Yawns

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AbeBooks has a new owner.


By Michael Stillman

It was like the giant Sequoia tree which fell in the forest. No one knows whether it made a great sound because no one really cared enough to pay attention. A month ago, in what was the largest transaction in the "pre-owned" bookselling field, the largest book website, Amazon.com, purchased the largest used book listing site, AbeBooks. A year or two ago, the transaction probably would have lit up the bookselling community and message boards with endless commentary, consternation, and condemnation. This year, the reaction was "ho hum."

The announcement contained the usual meaningless fluff, essentially telling us nothing. Most corporate takeovers are announced this way. Amazon's Vice-President of Books said he was excited they could now provide "the widest selection of books available any place on Earth." Abe's CEO Hannes Blum was enthused that the combination could bring customers and sellers a "great experience," and, "We are very excited to be joining the Amazon family." An AE writer attending the Colorado Antiquarian Book Seminar, where Blum spoke, reported his responses to questioners there were equally insubstantial.

The reason for Abe's second generation, German owners selling is obvious - cashing out on an investment. Amazon's reasons are less scrutable. Certainly, consolidation and concentration is the inevitable evolution of all new fields, and online bookselling is still in the early stages of evolution. Why Amazon made this move at this time is not clear. Perhaps it is related to fierce competition in the field of online selling (see the article on eBay cutting its listing fees elsewhere in this issue of AE Monthly).

As for what changes we might see in Abe in the days ahead, little was said. Amazon announced, "AbeBooks will continue to function as a stand-alone operation based in Victoria, British Columbia." It is hard to imagine change will never come. Few businesses combine without any attempt at economies of scale. These types of transactions often make employees of the purchased company a bit nervous, but what, if anything, will happen here long term is not information to which we have access.

As to why this transaction, which once would have created outrage among sellers, seems to have had so little impact, we believe this can be chalked up to the evolution of the online bookselling field as well. Certainly, a few sellers were concerned that they would be adversely affected, that the new combined entity would raise their fees. However, Abe sellers have seen a fair amount of this already. Many have felt Abe has been gouging them with large increases over the past couple of years, but this really isn't an accurate picture of developments. What has happened has been an evolution from Abe being a great bargain to a more market priced enterprise. However, as its pricing has come to better reflect its market value, the room for arbitrary price increases has shrunk. Now, with eBay pricing more aggressively to gain market share, Google searches freely turning up seller website listings, new markets appearing (see this month's article on Craig's List), and other old standbys like Alibris and Biblio still competing for market share, the window for imposing price increases is closing. As eBay has shown, the market may even be turning the other way, another inevitable result of evolution in technology. The market may no longer permit Abe to impose fee increases as freely as it once did. The Amazon-AbeBooks merger is less of a threat to booksellers today than it once would have been. This is why, we suspect, the response from the bookselling community has been so muted.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Abraham Lincoln, <i>Emancipation Proclamation by the President of the United States,</i> pamphlet, 1862. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Family papers of the distinguished Ruby-Jackson family, Portland, Maine, 1853-1961. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Family papers of the Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens & the persons who served him, 1866-1907. $25,000 to $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Autograph book with inscriptions by orators Moses Roper & Peter Williams, 1821-54. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Archive of letters, postcards, and greeting cards sent by Romare Bearden, 1949-87. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b><br>E. Simms Campbell, <i>A Night-Club Map of Harlem,</i> in inaugural issue of Manhattan, 1933. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Papers of the comedian Nipsey Russell, including a letter from MLK, 1929-2000. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Early German-American anti-slavery broadside, <i>Sclaven-Handel,</i> Philadelphia, 1794. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Edmonia Lewis, prominent sculptor, carte-de-visite by Henry Rocher, c. 1866-71. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b><br><i>The Black Panther: Black Community News Service,</i> 44 issues, San Francisco, 1967-1971. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Ernest Withers, <i>I Am A Man, Sanitation Workers Strike,</i> silver print, 1968. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> <i>March For Freedom Now!,</i> poster for the 1960 Republican Convention. $4,000 to $6,000.
  • <center><b>Arader Galleries<br>April Auction<br>April 4, 2020</b>
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> MITCHELL, John (1711-1768). A Map of the British and French Dominions in North America. Copperplate engraving with original hand color. London, 1755. $250,000 to $350,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AUDUBON, John James (1785 - 1851). Brown Pelican (Standing), Plate 251. Aquatint engraving with original hand color. London, 1827-1838. $175,000 to $225,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AUDUBON, John James (1785 - 1851). Fish Hawk or Osprey, Plate 81. Aquatint engraving with original hand color. London: 1827-1838. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <center><b>Arader Galleries<br>April Auction<br>April 4, 2020</b>
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> GONZALES DE MENDOZA, Juan (1545 - 1618). <i>The Historie of the great and mightie kingdome of China…</i> London, 1588. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> VERBIEST, Ferdinand (1623-1688). [World Map] Kun-Yu Ch'uan-Tu. Engraved twelve sheet map with vertical sections joined to form six sheets. Korea, Seoul, c. 1860. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> SANGGI, Chong (1678-1752). Korean Atlas. Manuscript map on mulberry bark paper. C. 1750-1790. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <center><b>Arader Galleries<br>April Auction<br>April 4, 2020</b>
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AUDUBON, John James (1785 - 1851). Ivory-billed Woodpecker, Plate 66. Aquatint engraving with original hand color. London, 1827-1838. $80,000 to $120,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> AKERMAN, Anders (1721-1778). & AKREL, Frederik (1779-1868). Pair of Celestial and Terrestrial Globes. Stockholm, c. 1800. 23 inch diameter, each. $60,000 to $100,000.
    <b>Arader Galleries, Apr. 4:</b> BENNETT, Lieut. William Pyt (d. in action, 1916). AN IMPORTANT AND APPARENTLY UNPUBLISHED SERIES OF GELATIN SILVER PHOTOGRAPHS OF LHASA AND TIBET TAKEN DURING THE CELEBRATED YOUNGHUSBAND MISSION OF 1904. $60,000 to $80,000

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