Rare Book Monthly

Articles - November - 2021 Issue

The 19th Century Rare Book and Photograph Shop Celebrates its 37th Anniversary with Special Catalogue

From William Talbot's The Pencil of Nature, among the first photographs ever published.

The 19th Century Rare Book and Photograph Shop, has just issued its Catalogue 190, Magnificent Books and Manuscripts, celebrating its 37th year in business. The business was established in 1984 by Stephan Loewentheil to specialize in 18th & 19th-century American books and manuscripts. Over the years the business has grown dramatically and now offers landmark works on paper representing humankind’s greatest achievements in literature, science, philosophy, economics, early photography, and other fields from the dawn of printing to the present.


The firm’s latest annual catalogue presents highlights from its latest acquisitions.


The shop has long handled first editions of landmark books, and this catalogue is no exception, with fine copies of Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass, Johnson’s Dictionary of the English Language, John Locke’s Essay on Humane Understanding, the official account of the Lewis and Clark expedition, and others.


The 19th Century Rare Book and Photograph Shop offerings of important scientific books and manuscripts remain a specialty, spanning the era of Copernicus to Einstein and other 20th-century figures. This anniversary catalogue offers an Albert Einstein letter discussing relativity and the speed of light to a science fiction aficionado who inquired about the problem of interstellar travel.


The history of space travel is another specialty here chronicled in three stellar objects: a rocket diagram by Robert Goddard (father of rocket propulsion), a drawing of a spaceship by Wernher Von Braun (father of the American space program), and a drawing of the Apollo 11 mission by Neil Armstrong (first man to walk on the Moon).


As Americans revisit and reevaluate the nation’s complicated history, collectors and institutions have sought to better understand and document the place of underrepresented people. Two objects in the catalogue stand out for centering the place of Black Americans in United States history. George Washington purchased young enslaved Will Lee in 1767 to be his valet at Mount Vernon. A highlight of the catalogue is the document formalizing that transaction, signed by Washington and his brother, who helped manage the estate. Lee, an enslaved person, went on to serve by Washington’s side for decades as his valet, and aide throughout the Revolutionary War, as well as his huntsman. When Washington died, Lee was the only enslaved person immediately set free under the terms of the will.


Washington declared, "this [freedom] I give him as a testimony of my sense of his attachment to me, and for his faithful services during the revolutionary war.”


The question of American slavery would be settled with the Civil War, but it was not until 1863 that Blacks were permitted to fight in that war, and then only under Black officers. Early in 1865 the Black abolitionist Martin Delany met with Abraham Lincoln and presented his plan to recruit Black soldiers to serve under Black officers, penetrating the South and freeing enslaved people wherever they went. Lincoln replied, “This is the very thing I have been looking and hoping for; but nobody offered it; I hoped and prayed for it; but till now it has never been proposed. … When I issued my Emancipation Proclamation, I had this thing in contemplation.” He then gave Delany a card instructing Secretary of War Edwin Stanton to meet with him. A week later Delany was commissioned the first Black field officer in the United States Army and charged with recruiting and training the force he envisioned. The very card that Lincoln gave to Delany, setting these momentous events in motion, is offered in the new catalogue.


Other manuscripts include a series of Walt Whitman manuscripts relating to Leaves of Grass, a series of Edward Albee letters connected with his discovery as a playwright, a long James Baldwin letter on the place of the Black intellectual in American life, a collection of John Jacob Astor letters on fur trading and finance, and more.


The history of photography is of ever-increasing interest to collectors and institutions for its importance as an art form, for revolutionizing communication, and for its documentary value. Talbot and Daguerre independently invented photography in 1839, and Talbot, inventor of photography on paper, quickly recognized the implications of the technology.


In 1844-46 Talbot published The Pencil of Nature, which has been called "the first commercially published book illustrated with photographs–a milestone in the art of the book greater than any since Gutenberg’s invention of moveable type” (Metropolitan Museum of Art). Talbot saw that the replicability of photographs would have far-reaching effects in communication. That discovery echoes down to us in the Internet age. The shop’s new catalogue offers a complete set of The Pencil of Nature, the only complete set to surface for sale in decades.


Collections of landmark photographs are critical to illuminate American history. A series of ten rare photographs by James Mooney show the Ghost Dance being performed, documenting a key moment in the late 19th-century American Indian effort to assert control in the face of oppression. Alexander Gardner’s 1865 photographs of the execution of the Lincoln assassination conspirators is often considered a founding event in the history of photojournalism. The series photographs documenting the hangings has been called "the most shocking set of American historical photographs ever made.”


Carleton Watkins, the greatest 19th-century photographer of the American West, brought a group of forty exhibition prints to Philadelphia for display at the Centennial Exposition in 1876. That intact set of forty mammoth plate photographs chosen by the artist for exhibition is offered here.


Some buyers lament the increasing scarcity of important material, but the day will come, Loewentheil says, when collectors will look back on our time as a golden age for collectors, when amazing treasures are still available for private collectors to own. The printed catalogue is available on request or can be downloaded here: www.19thshop.com/catalogues.

Rare Book Monthly

  • Manuscript Masterpieces from the Schøyen Collection
    London auction, 11 June
    Christie’s, Explore now: The Holkham Hebrew Bible. In Hebrew, decorated manuscript on vellum [Toledo, 2nd quarter 13th century]. £1,500,000–3,000,000
    Christie’s, Explore now: The Crosby-Schøyen Codex. In Coptic, manuscript on papyrus [Upper Egypt, middle 3rd century / 4th century]. £2,000,000–3,000,000
    Christie’s, Explore now: The Geraardsbergen Bible. In Latin, illuminated manuscript on vellum [Southern Netherlands, late 12th century]. £700,000–1,000,000
    Christie’s, Explore now : Jean de Courcy (fl. 1420). The Chronique de la Bouquechardiere. In French, illuminated manuscript on vellum [Paris, c.1480]. £200,000–300,000
    Christie’s, Explore now: The ‘Catherine de Medici’ Hours. In Latin and French, illuminated manuscript on vellum [Paris, c.1485]. £120,000–180,000
  • Forum Auctions
    Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper
    30th May 2024
    Forum, May 30: Potter (Beatrix). Complete set of four original illustrations for the nursery rhyme, 'This pig went to market', 1890s. £60,000 to £80,000.
    Forum, May 30: Dante Alighieri.- Lactantius (Lucius Coelius Firmianus). Opera, second edition, Rome, 1468. £40,000 to £60,000.
    Forum, May 30: Distilling.- Brunschwig (Hieronymus). Liber de arte Distillandi de Compositis, first edition of the so-called 'Grosses Destillierbuch', Strassburg, 1512. £22,000 to £28,000.
    Forum, May 30: Eliot (T.S.), W. H. Auden, Ted Hughes, Philip Larkin, Robert Lowell, Seamus Heaney, Ted Hughes, & others. A Personal Anthology for Eric Walter White, 60 autograph poems. £20,000 to £30,000.
    Forum, May 30: Cornerstone of French Enlightenment Philosophy.- Helvetius (Claude Adrien). De l'Esprit, true first issue "A" of the suppressed first edition, Paris, 1758. £20,000 to £30,000.
    Forum Auctions
    Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper
    30th May 2024
    Forum, May 30: Szyk (Arthur). The Haggadah, one of 125 copies, this out-of-series, Beaconsfield Press, 1940. £15,000 to £20,000.
    Forum, May 30: Fleming (Ian). Casino Royale, first edition, first impression, 1953. £15,000 to £20,000.
    Forum, May 30: Japan.- Ryusui (Katsuma). Umi no Sachi [Wealth of the Sea], 2 vol., Tokyo, 1762. £8,000 to £12,000.
    Forum, May 30: Computing.- Operating and maintenance manual for the BINAC binary automatic computer built for Northrop Aircraft Corporation 1949, Philadelphia, 1949. £8,000 to £12,000.
    Forum, May 30: Burmese School (probably circa 1870s). Folding manuscript, or parabaik, from the Court Workshop at the Royal Court at Manadaly, Burma, [c.1870s]. £8,000 to £12,000.
  • Sotheby’s
    Modern First Editions
    Available for Immediate Purchase
    Sotheby’s, Available Now: Winston Churchill. The Second World War. Set of First-Edition Volumes. 6,000 USD
    Sotheby’s, Available Now: A.A. Milne, Ernest H. Shepard. A Collection of The Pooh Books. Set of First-Editions. 18,600 USD
    Sotheby’s, Available Now: Salvador Dalí, Lewis Carroll. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Finely Bound and Signed Limited Edition. 15,000 USD
    Modern First Editions
    Available for Immediate Purchase
    Sotheby’s, Available Now: Ian Fleming. Live and Let Die. First Edition. 9,500 USD
    Sotheby’s, Available Now: J.K. Rowling. Harry Potter Series. Finely Bound First Printing Set of Complete Series. 5,650 USD
    Sotheby’s, Available Now: Ernest Hemingway. A Farewell to Arms. First Edition, First Printing. 4,200 USD
  • Bid on iGavelAuctions.com: Heller, Joseph, Closing Time, Advance Readers Copy of Uncorrected Proof with a letter from Heller on his personal stationary
    Bid on iGavelAuctions.com: Gates, Bill, How to Avoid a Climate Disaster, N Y: Knopf, 2021; first edition, with a handwritten note from Bill Gates
    Bid on iGavelAuctions.com: Heller, Joseph, Catch-22, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1961, first edition, first printing, first issue dust jacket, inscribed on the front end paper by Heller
    Bid on iGavelAuctions.com: Heller, Joseph, Something Happened, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974, first edition, inscribed on the front end paper by Heller
    Bid on iGavelAuctions.com: Austen, Jane, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, London: John Murray, 1818, in four volumes

Article Search

Archived Articles

Ask Questions