• <center><b>Swann Auction Galleries<br>Maps & Atlases, Natural History & Color Plate Books<br> December 8, 2022</b>
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Friedrich Justin Bertuch, <i>Bilderbuch für Kinder,</i> Weimar, 1792, 1798, 1802, 1805, 1822. $1,200 to $1,800.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Sebastian Münster, <i>Novae Insulae XXVI Nova Tabula,</i> Basel, 1552. $2,500 to $3,500.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Sebastian Münster & Hans Holbein, <i>Typus Cosmographicus Universales,</i> Basel, 1532. $7,000 to $10,000.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Franz Unger, <i>Die Urwelt in Ihren Verschiedenen Bildungsperioden,</i> 16 tinted lithographed plates, Weigel, 1858. $1,000 to $1,500.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Charles Varle, Wiliam Warner & Andrew Hanna, <i>Plan of the City of Environs of Baltimore,</i> Baltimore, 1801. $8,000 to $12,000.
  • <b><center>Gonnelli Auction House<br>HISTORICAL PHOTOGRAPHS<br>“From the grand Tour in Italy to the journey to the East”<br>1st of December 2022</b>
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Fratelli Alinari, Alphonse Bernoud, Album with 15 photographs of Florence and Siena, 1860 - 1865. Starting Price: €1.500,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Fratelli Alinari, Lucca. Church of San Michele, 1856. Starting Price: €1.500,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Tommaso Cuccioni, Roma. Colosseo, 1854 - 1855. Starting Price: €800,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Antonio Fortunato Perini, Venezia. Ca’ D’Oro, 1853 – 1855. Starting Price: €1.000,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Lot of 51 photographs by Studio Incorpora: landscapes and views of Sicily, 1885 - 1890. Starting price: €1.200,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Lehnert & Landrock. View of the Tunisian desert, 1904 - 1914. Starting price: €300,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Lehnert & Landrock. Tunisia. Night landscape with nomads at the shores of a lake. Starting price: €400,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Vittorio Sella, Aiguille du Midi, from the Col du Midi, 1881. Starting price: €1.000,00.
    <b>Gonnelli Dec. 1st:</b> Fratelli Alinari. Florence. Giotto's Bell Tower, 1858 - 1860. Starting price: €1.500,00.
  • <b><center>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 28th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b> Latin Book of Hours, Paris/Bretagne around 1400. Est: € 18,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b><br>B. Bordone, <i>Isolario,</i> 1534. Est: € 7,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b><br>K. Moser, <i>Fürst von Metternich-sche Richardsquelle,</i> 1899. Est: € 30,000
    <b><center>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 28th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b> Hortus sanitatis, <i>Gart der Gesundheit,</i> 1485. Est: € 30,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b><br><i>Le Cabinet du Roi,</i> 1666-82. Est: € 15,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b> <i>Die Aktion,</i> 1913-18. Est: € 80,000
    <b><center>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 28th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b><br>H. Schedel, <i>Buch der Chroniken und Geschichten,</i> 1493. Est: € 30,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b> M. E. Bloch, <i>Naturgeschichte der Fische,</i> 1782-95. Est: € 25,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b><br>W. Ting, <i>1 cent life,</i> 1964. Est: € 4,000
    <b><center>Ketterer Rare Books<br>Auction on November 28th</b>
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b><br>F. de Montalboddo, <i>Newe unbekanthe landte,</i> 1508. Est: € 50,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b> W. L. Buller, <i>Birds of New Zealand,</i> 1873. Est: € 8,000
    <b>Ketterer Rare Books, Nov. 28:</b><br>J. Miro in <i>Monument à Christophe Colomb et à Marcel Duchamp,</i> 1971. Est: € 4,000
  • <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> PRINCE, RICHARD (1949). <i>Adult Comedy Action Drama,</i> Zürich-Berlin-New York, 1995. €14,000 to €15,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> AVEDON, RICHARD (1923-2004). <i>An Autobiography,</i> New York, Rando, House, 1993. €2,500 to €3,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> GRINDAT, HENRIETTE (1923-1986), ALBERT-EDGAR YERSIN (1905-1984) AND FRANCIS PONGE (1899-1988). <i>A la rêveuse matière,</i> Lausanne, 1963. €4,500 to €5,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> GRINDAT, HENRIËTTE (1923-1986), ALBERT CAMUS (1913-1960) AND RENÉ CHAR (1907-1988). <i>Postérité du soleil,</i> Genève, 1965. €2,200 to €2,500.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> GROEBLI, RENÉ (1927). <i>Die Muschel...hommage au féminin…,</i> Zurich, 1984. €2,200 to €2,500.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> KLEIN, WILLIAM (1928-2022). <i>Tokyo,</i> Paris, 1964. €500 to €600.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> KURATA, SEIJI (1945-2020). <i>Flash up. Street Photo Random Tokyo 1975-1979,</i> Tokyo, 1980. €500 to €600.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> MCGINLEY, RYAN (1977). <i>The kids are alright,</i> 2000. €6,000 to €6,500.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 6:</b> SHERIF, MAURICE (1951). <i>Lumière Métallique,</i> Paris, 2008. €400 to €500.

Rare Book Monthly

Articles - April - 2017 Issue

A Study of Old Book Smell Is Being Conducted at the Morgan Library

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Pierpont Morgan's personal library (from the Morgan Library website).

An unusual study of old books and smells is taking place at the Morgan Library in New York, combining the library, students from the Columbia Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation, and the company International Flavors and Fragrances. The students are placing a clear, bell-shaped device, with sensors at the top and an air hose running to the side, on top of old books and whatever else they want to sample. The samples are then taken to IFF where they will be analyzed in the months ahead.

 

They aren't sampling just any old books, or any location in the building. The work is being done in the personal library of J. Pierpont Morgan, the turn of the century extraordinarily wealthy banker, industrialist and philanthropist, who used some of that wealth to collect rare books. He left his library to the public when he died. That was over a century ago, but his personal library hasn't changed all that much since he left.

 

This study was recently reported in the art blog Hyperalleric with a follow-up from the New York Times. I must admit that after reading both articles, I'm not quite sure why they are doing this. It is certainly an esoteric study. The Times came closest to understanding the intent, noting that maybe it could be used to recreate the smells of the old library for an exhibit, to "experience the library in a different way." They quoted Christine Nelson, a curator at the library, with the mystical explanation, "When we started this, we didn’t really know where this would go, and we still don’t, quite; it’s still an experiment." Whatever the purpose, the smell of old books is distinctive and a magnet to book collectors. It is not a pleasant aroma on its own, but an associative one, like "new car" smell, mainly a byproduct of glue, vinyl, plastics, and lubricants, people love only because they associate it with new cars.

 

We should note that this is not the first study done on the smell of old books. A study was conducted and posted to Analytical Chemistry in 2009 entitled Material Degradomics: On the Smell of Old Books. This one had more of a specific purpose – to help conservators preserve the old books under their care. Different books give off different odors depending on their paper and other elements of composition. These differences may not be easily recognizable to humans, who probably lump them all together as being the smell of old books. However, when instruments designed to calculate the chemical compositions of the VOC's (volatile organic compounds) are used to determine their precise make up, the composition of each book can be determined. This, in turn, allows conservators to determine the best course of action to preserve each particular book based on its precise composition.

 

The authors of the study, Matija Strlic, Jacob Thomas, Tanja Trafela, Linda Cséfalvayova´, Irena Kralj Cigic´, Jana Kolar, and May Cassar, described the smell as, "a combination of grassy notes with a tang of acids and a hint of vanilla over an underlying mustiness." This sounds like wine-tasters language. The most important compounds and factors, they determined, are rosin, lignin and carbonyl group content, degree of polymerization of cellulose, and paper acidity. Around 1850, rosin replaced gelatin to make ink adhere to the paper. Aluminum sulfate was used to get the rosin to precipitate to the fibers. Aluminum sulfate is acidic, explaining the more rapid deterioration of paper common to post-1850 books.

 

For chemists seeking more detail about the literally hundreds of volatile and semi-volatile gasses given off by the old books, those most commonly found were acetic acid, benzaldehyde, 2,3-butanedione, butanol, decanal, 2,3-dihydrofuran, 2-ethylhexanol, furfural, hexadecane, hexanal, methoxyphenyloxime, nonanal, octanal, pentanal, and undecane.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b><center>Sotheby’s<br>The Library of Henry Rogers Broughton, 2nd Baron Fairhaven<br>Part II<br>29 November 2022</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 29:</b> Nicolas Robert. <i>Florilegium,</i> 15 very fine watercolours of flowers on vellum, 1643. £150,000 to £250,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 29:</b> Chinese School. <i>Dessins Originaux Chinois,</i> 9 volumes, early nineteenth century. £60,000 to £90,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 29:</b> Saverio Manetti. <i>Storia naturale degli uccelli,</i> Florence, 1767-1776, 5 vols, fine contemporary calf gilt. £60,000 to £80,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 29:</b> Priscilla Bury. <i>A Selection of Hexandrian Plants,</i> London, 1831, modern red half morocco. £50,000 to £70,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 29:</b> Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin. <i>Icones plantarum rariorum,</i> Vienna, 1781-[95], 3 vols, contemporary half calf. £30,000 to £50,000.
  • <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper<br>1st December 2022</b>
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Illuminated manuscript.- Psalter, Use of Liège, in Latin, illuminated manuscript on vellum, Southern Netherlands (Liège), [c.1270]. £70,000 to £90,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Troy.- Early English provenance.- Columna (Guido de). <i>Historia destructionis Troiae,</i> first edition, one of only four known books from this press, [The Netherlands, ?Utrecht], [c.1477-1479]. £25,000 to £35,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Shute (John). <i>The First and Chief Groundes of Architecture,</i> first edition, 1563; bound with Palladio's Quattro Libri dell'Architettura, 1570. £20,000 to £30,000.
    <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper<br>1st December 2022</b>
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Martin (John). <i>Paradise Lost: By John Milton,</i> first edition in the original 12 parts, Imperial Quarto issue, Septimus Prowett, 1825-26. £12,000 to £16,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Sagittarius and a medieval town scene with peat barges on a canal as merchants meet and talk and another man cuts wood, Netherlands or Western Germany [perhaps Cologne], 1460-70. £10,000 to £15,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Stoker (Bram). <i>Dracula,</i> first edition, later issue, Graham Greene's copy, Westminster, Archibald Constable & Co., 1897. £8,000 to £12,000.
    <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper<br>1st December 2022</b>
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Gillray (James). <i>The Plumb-pudding in danger: -or- State Epicures taking un Petit Souper,</i> etching with hand-colouring, 1805. £6,000 to £8,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Darwin (Charles). Autograph Letter signed to his cousin Reginald Darwin, 1879, announcing his intention to have translated and add a preface to Ernst Krause's sketch of Dr Erasmus Darwin's life. £6,000 to £8,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> By the Congress of the United States of America. Manifesto. "These United States, having been driven to hostilities by the oppressive and tyrannous measures...,” bound with others, 1778. £6,000 to £8,000.
    <center><b>Forum Auctions<br>Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper<br>1st December 2022</b>
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Polar.- Benham (Daniel). <i>Sketch of the Life of Jan August Miertsching, Interpreter of the Esquimaux Language to the Arctic Expedition on Board H.M.S. "Investigator", Captain M'Clure,</i> first edition, 1854. £5,000 to £7,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Woman artist.- Unthank (Mary, née Williams). An album of 120 watercolours of views from Italy, Switzerland, France and England; with associated manuscript travel diary, 1860s-1870s. £4,000 to £6,000.
    <b>Forum, Dec. 1:</b> Gill (Eric).- Chaucer (Geoffrey). <i>Troilus and Criseyde,</i> number 159 of 225 copies on hand-made paper, Golden Cockerel Press, 1927. £3,000 to £4,000.

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