• <center><b>19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop<br>Catalogue 195<br>Magnificent Books & Manuscripts<br>Free on request</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop, Catalogue 195:</b> Benjamin Franklin on Electricity. Inscribed presentation copy.
    <b>19th Century Shop, Catalogue 195:</b> Frederick Douglass. Letter on civil war and the end of slavery.
    <b>19th Century Shop, Catalogue 195:</b> Carleton Watkins. A major American West photo album.
    <b>19th Century Shop, Catalogue 195:</b> Einstein. General Theory of Relativity inscribed by Einstein.
    <b>19th Century Shop, Catalogue 195:</b> The Federalist. Rare deluxe thick-paper copy.
    <b>19th Century Shop, Catalogue 195:</b> Emma Johnston. Archive of 350 salt prints by a Victorian female photographer.
  • <b><center>Doyle<br>The Collection of a New York Surveyor<br>December 16, 2022</b>
    <b>Doyle, The Collection of a New York Surveyor:</b> Lot 3. Francis M. Maerschalk. Manuscript plan of Philip Minthorne's land in Bowery 3. $2,000-3,000
    <b>Doyle, The Collection of a New York Surveyor:</b> Lot 30. William Bridges. A Map of a Block of Ground situate in Water Street between Walnut and Fir Streets. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Doyle, The Collection of a New York Surveyor:</b> Lot 4. Francis M. Maerschalk. M. Barrack Street/Road from Spring Garden to Fresh Water. $5,000-8,000
    <b>Doyle, The Collection of a New York Surveyor:</b> Lot 46. Love Lane. Map of Land and Buildings the property of Samuel I Tobias Esqr. $2,000-3,000
    <center><b>Doyle<br>Rare Books, Autographs & Maps<br>December 16, 2022</b>
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 157. Stephen King. <i>Christine.</i> New York: Viking Press, 1983. First trade edition, inscribed by the author. $1,500-2,500
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 163. Charles Lindbergh. “We.” New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1927. First edition, Author’s Autograph Edition. $1,000-1,500
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 177. A.A. Milne. <i>Winnie-the-Pooh.</i> London: Methuen, 1926. First English trade edition, first impression. $1,000-1,500
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 196. William Shakespeare. <i>Othello, the Moor of Venice.</i> London: printed for W. Weak, 1681. $4,000-6,000
    <b>Doyle, Rare Books, Autographs & Maps:</b> Lot 203. John Steinbeck. <i>The Grapes of Wrath.</i> New York: Viking, 1939. First edition. $1,000-1,500
  • <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> VOLTAIRE. Œuvres complètes. [Kehl], Société littéraire et typographique, 1784-1789. 70 vol. €15,000 to €20,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> <i>ENCYCLOPÉDIE MÉTHODIQUE…</i> Paris, Panckoucke ; Liège, Plompteux, 1782-1832. 254 volumes in-4. €10,000 to €12,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> RUYSCH (FREDERIK). <i>Thesaurus anatomicus primus [–decimus]. Het eerste [–tiende] anatomisch cabinet.</i> Amsterdam, 1701-1716. €10,000 to €12,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> [MARCELLO (CRISTOFORO)]. <i>Sacrarum cæremoniarum sive rituum ecclesiasticorum S. Rom. Ecclesiæ libri tres.</i> Venise, Giunta, 1582. €2,000 to €3,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> [RABEL (DANIEL)]. <i>Theatrum Floræ, in quo ex toto orbe selecti mirabiles, venustiores, ac præcipui flores, tanquam ab ipsius deæ sinu proferuntur.</i> Paris, Pierre Firens, 1627. €3,000 to €4,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> VALERIANO (PIEIRIO). <i>[Hieroglyphica, sive de sacris Ægyptiorum aliarumque gentium literis, commentariorum libri LVIII]…</i> Francfort, 1613-[1614]. €2,000 to €3,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> BRUN (CLAUDE). [Cours manuscrit de Jérôme Dandini sur la Physique d'Aristote et disputes philosophiques des étudiants du collège jésuite de Bourges]. Conclusiones physic… 1579-1580. €2,000 to €3,000.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> CLERISSEAU (CHARLES-LOUIS). <i>Antiquités de la France. Première partie.</i> [Monuments de Nismes]. Paris, 1778. €1,000 to €1,200.
    <b>ALDE, Dec. 20:</b> LE FÈVRE (L.-C.). <i>Grand escalier du château de Versailles, dit escalier des ambassadeurs, ordonné et peint par Charles Le Brun.</i> Paris, s.d. €800 to €1,000.
  • <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> KEPLER INVESTIGATES PLANETARY MOTION. KEPLER, JOHANNES. 1571-1630. $400,000 to $600,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> THE FINAL ILLUSTRATION OF POOH AND PIGLET IN THE HUNDRED ACRE WOOD. $250,000 to $350,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> GUTENBERG BIBLE LEAF. $60,000 to $90,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> ORTELIUS, ABRAHAM. 1527-1598. $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> KNIGHT, HILARY. "Christmas Dinner at Maxime de la Falaise's" $4,000 to $6,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> GERSHWIN WORKING MUSICAL MANUSCRIPT PAGE FROM <i>OF THEE I SING.</i> $3,000 to $5,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> GILBERT, W.S. Original typed manuscript for <i>The Story of the Mikado.</i> $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> FINAL TYPED MANUSCRIPT FOR V.C. ANDREWS CLASSIC <I>FLOWERS IN THE ATTIC.</I> $4,000 to $6,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> ANNOTATED TYPESCRIPT DRAFT FOR KIPLING'S FINAL MOWGLI STORY. $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> PRESENTATION COPY OF GUYS AND DOLLS. $12,000 to $18,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> CHARLES DICKENS' CHINA INKWELL FEATURING A BEE READING, FROM GAD'S HILL. $6,000 to $8,000
    <b>Bonhams, Dec. 13:</b> NELSON'S BATTLE PLAN FOR TRAFALGAR. $200,000 to $300,000

Rare Book Monthly

Articles - November - 2014 Issue

Does a Bookshop Closing Really Mean Much Anymore?

463f9b0c-80d4-4802-93ea-298275817766

A bookshop recently announced it will be closing its location in an English shopping mall after almost 40 years at the same place. It plans to continue, but most likely only online and through the mail. It is a story that not long ago would have led to weeping and gnashing of teeth within the trade. Now, the story is old hat. There is no longer a need for wailing. The book trade is not dying. It is simply evolving.

 

The bookstore that will be closing by the end of the year is Exeter Books, of Exeter, UK. They have been located at the Guildhall Shopping Centre since 1976. Owner Roy Parry, now 90 years old, runs the place with his son, also Roy. However, this is not a retirement move. Roy, Sr., plans to continue in the business, even if they no longer have a storefront. He told a local newspaper that no one has told him to retire, so he plans to carry on. Why shouldn't he?

 

The Guildhall Shopping Centre is in the midst of a major renovation, at a cost of over $10 million. It is located in a busy area of town, with lots of businesses and good neighbors. Rents are going up. The area of the mall containing the bookshop is to be converted into something of a food court. The twelve shops will be converted to 13 cafes and restaurants. Books may not be quite as easy to sell as they once were, but food consumption does not appear to be waning. There are already numerous restaurants in the area, from upscale to fast food. Nonetheless, there must be a need for 13 more. Perhaps no one in Exeter eats at home.

 

Many bookshops have closed over the past few years. Then again, others have opened as well. Certainly, there are no longer as many open storefronts. Bookshops in malls, even those selling new books, have largely faded away. Others in prime locations have succumbed to rising rents. Many dealers who once had open shops now confine themselves to selling on the internet or via direct mail. The listing sites may be their primary venue. Others make greater use of auctions, be it traditional, online, running their own auctions, or eBay. Prices may not be as high, but sales are quick. Time is money.

 

There are two primary ways dealers have reacted to changing times, even if they didn't fully realize what was happening or how they were responding. One has been to seek new ways of selling. Naturally, the internet has been a major new source of sales. Others have devised new ways to reach their community. A Massachusetts dealer is well-known in his area for giving seminars at local libraries and similar places where he discusses old books and invites people to bring theirs along for an evaluation. A Texas bookseller recently announced she was setting up a bookmobile to be used as a temporary location at various spots, almost like an outdoor food vendor.

 

Other dealers have responded to fewer book sales by expanding their sales to logically related material, such as maps, prints, ephemera, and various other works on paper. Fewer people these days are pure book collectors, but many collect books as one item that pertains to their field of collecting – perhaps science, a famous person, or a particular place. Some dealers focus very deeply on a particular field, similar to what many Main Street shops did years ago when they realized they could no longer compete against discount chains and supermarkets. They became specialists. People still crave expert advice, even if they do seem reluctant to pay for it.

 

The other way of dealing with changing times is cost control. When a bookseller closes a shop, they may not be thinking of it that way. It may seem like an act of desperation, an end to life as they know it. What it really is is a business decision, a logical reaction to a market that focuses more on price and stay-at-home convenience than to the camaraderie so important to an earlier generation of collectors. That's okay. It's the collector's prerogative. Booksellers then adjust their service and cost structure to be an accord with the new collector's willingness to pay. Not all are able to change their ways quickly enough, but they will be replaced by sellers who better understand the times. The market evolves to meet what today's collectors want. Booksellers adapt. After all, the customer is always right.


Posted On: 2014-11-18 21:32
User Name: Fattrad1

Perhaps an article about new shops opening would be of interest to the readers of AE monthly.

Jeff Elfont
Swan's Fine Books


Rare Book Monthly

  • <b><center>Maison Bibelot<br>Online Only Auction<br>The Bucciarelli Collection:<br>Ancient Books and Incunabula<br>Dec. 6-14, 2022</b>
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Plato. <i>Platonis Opera,</i> Venetiis: a Philippo Pincio Mantuano hoc opus Impressum fuit, Anno d[omi]ni. M.cccccxvii. Die.xxii. Aprilis (22 aprile 1517). €800 to €1,000.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Francesco Robortello. <i>In librum Aristotelis de arte Poetica, explicationes,</i> Basileae: per Ioannem Heruagium iuniorem, 1555. In folio. €500 to €800.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> <i>Instrumento della compra del Ducato di Terra Nova.</i> Atto notarile cinquecentesco, manoscritto pergamenaceo, con bella miniatura iniziale, composto da 5 bifolio (300x225 mm) scritti recto e verso. €300 to €400.
    <b><center>Maison Bibelot<br>Online Only Auction<br>The Bucciarelli Collection:<br>Ancient Books and Incunabula<br>Dec. 6-14, 2022</b>
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Giovanni Bertachini. <i>Repertorii Bertachini,</i> Venetiis: 1507, 2 voll. (di 3). In folio. Importante post incunabolo. €1,800 to €2,200.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Paulus de Middelburgo. <i>Pavlina De recta Paschae celebratione: et De die passionis Domini nostri Iesu Christi,</i> 1513. €1,500 to €2,000.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Gaius Svetonius. <i>Suetonius Tranquillus cum Philippi Beroaldi, et Marci Antonii Sabellici commentariis,</i> Venetiis, 1500. €1,000 to €1,500.
    <b><center>Maison Bibelot<br>Online Only Auction<br>The Bucciarelli Collection:<br>Ancient Books and Incunabula<br>Dec. 6-14, 2022</b>
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Cicero Marco Tullio. <i>Rhetoricorum ad C. Herennium libri IV incerto auctore,</i> Venetiis: Aldus, 1569: €250 to €300.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Rupertus Tuitiensis. <i>Ruperti abbatis monasterii Tuitiensis,</i> Apud foelicem Coloniam, 1526. Aeditio prima. In folio. €800 to €1,500.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Agostino Nifo. <i>Destructiones destructionum Auerroys cum Augustini niphi de Suessa expositione,</i> Venetijs: Octauiani Scoti 1497, 1495, 2 pt. in 1 vol. €2,000 to €2,400.
    <b><center>Maison Bibelot<br>Online Only Auction<br>The Bucciarelli Collection:<br>Ancient Books and Incunabula<br>Dec. 6-14, 2022</b>
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Giorgio Vasari. <i>Le vite de' piu eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architettori... Primo Volume della Terza Parte,</i> Fiorenza: Appresso i Giunti, 1568. €600 to €800.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Hieronymus (santo). <i>Epistole sancti Hieronymi,</i> Lugduni: Per Magistrum Iacobum Saccon, 1518. €1,000 to €1,500.
    <b>Maison Bibelot, Dec. 6-14:</b> Tommaso d'Aquino. <i>Incipiunt preclarissima opuscula diui Thome aquinatis,</i> Venetijs: ingenio ac impensa Hermanni Lichtenstein Coloniensis, 1497. €300 to €500.
  • <center><b>Swann Auction Galleries<br>Maps & Atlases, Natural History & Color Plate Books<br> December 8, 2022</b>
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Friedrich Justin Bertuch, <i>Bilderbuch für Kinder,</i> Weimar, 1792, 1798, 1802, 1805, 1822. $1,200 to $1,800.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Sebastian Münster, <i>Novae Insulae XXVI Nova Tabula,</i> Basel, 1552. $2,500 to $3,500.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Sebastian Münster & Hans Holbein, <i>Typus Cosmographicus Universales,</i> Basel, 1532. $7,000 to $10,000.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Franz Unger, <i>Die Urwelt in Ihren Verschiedenen Bildungsperioden,</i> 16 tinted lithographed plates, Weigel, 1858. $1,000 to $1,500.
    <b>Swann December 8:</b> Charles Varle, Wiliam Warner & Andrew Hanna, <i>Plan of the City of Environs of Baltimore,</i> Baltimore, 1801. $8,000 to $12,000.
  • <center><b>Sotheby’s<br>Age of Wonder<br>Nov. 25 – Dec. 9, 2022</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 25-Dec. 9:</b> Darwin, Charles. His definitive statement on natural selection, and his legacy. $600,000 to $800,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 25-Dec. 9:</b> Darwin, Charles and Alfred Russel Wallace. Darwin announces the theory of natural selection. $250,000 to $350,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 25-Dec. 9:</b> Jenner, Edward. Autograph letter, addressed to Dr. Wollaston, dated 21 November 1800, discussing the possible ill-effects of vaccination. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <center><b>Sotheby’s<br>Age of Wonder<br>Nov. 25 – Dec. 9, 2022</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 25-Dec. 9:</b> De Quincey, Thomas. Autograph letter signed (Thos. De Quincey). "A conclusive experiment on the profit of leaving of leaving off opium.” $6,000 to $8,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 25-Dec. 9:</b> Melville, Herman. <i>Moby-Dick; or, The Whale.</i> New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851. “And God created great whales.” $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Nov. 25-Dec. 9:</b> Foote, Eunice Newton. "Circumstances affecting the heat of the sun's rays," [In:] <i>The American Journal of Science and Arts…</i> New York, 1856. $8,000 to $12,000.
  • <center><b>Christie’s<br> Valuable Books and Manuscripts<br> London, 14 December 2022</b>
    <center><b>Christie’s<br> Valuable Books and Manuscripts<br> London, 14 December 2022</b>
    <center><b>Christie’s<br> Valuable Books and Manuscripts<br> London, 14 December 2022</b>
    <center><b>Christie’s<br> Valuable Books and Manuscripts<br> London, 14 December 2022</b>
    <center><b>Christie’s<br> Valuable Books and Manuscripts<br> London, 14 December 2022</b>
  • <center><b>University Archives<br>Rare Autographs, Manuscripts & Books<br>December 14, 2022</b>
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> Thomas Jefferson, Long ALS to Ronaldson "I consider Bonaparte as fighting our battles, and there I wish him success...” $35,000 to $45,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> G.A. Custer. PSA Mint 9 Brady CDV Signed with Rank, Best Signature/Pose We Have Ever Seen. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> B. Franklin. 1733 Signed Philadelphia Partial Land Grant Dated Less Than 6 Months After Launch of "Poor Richard's Almanack". $12,000 to $15,000.
    <center><b>University Archives<br>Rare Autographs, Manuscripts & Books<br>December 14, 2022</b>
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> Abraham Lincoln On Executive Mansion Stationery Replies to An Autograph Request! Fantastic Example. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> G. Washington. Free Frank to Maj. Tallmadge Re: Culper Courier. $12,000 to $14,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> Albert Einstein ALS, “I am happy to see that a Jew is always 'en famille' wherever his steps lead him on this earth.” $5,000 to $6,000.
    <center><b>University Archives<br>Rare Autographs, Manuscripts & Books<br>December 14, 2022</b>
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> Incredible Utah 1857 Mormon War Period Ft. Bridger Ledger: Afr. American Content, Mention of Armstead, Bernard Bee, RE Lee’s Son, 120pp! $10,000 to $12,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> Apollo XI. PSA Mint +9.5 Insurance Cover Signed by Armstrong, Aldrin & Collins, From Buzz Aldrin Family Space Collection. $8,000 to $10,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> Booker T. Washington, 17 Pages "Proud of Race...In & out of slavery...It is said that the strongest chain is no stronger than its weakest link." Handwritten Speech Notes. $8,000 to $9,000.
    <center><b>University Archives<br>Rare Autographs, Manuscripts & Books<br>December 14, 2022</b>
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> R. Wallenberg. Signed Schutz-Pass Doc, With Rare Full Signature. $7,000 to $8,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> Freud & Jung Together, Most Famous Photo in Psychology History! September 1911, Weimar, Germany. $6,000 to $7,000.
    <b>University Archives, Dec. 14:</b> JFK Oversized Photo with Jackie & Caroline, Signed and Inscribed, Stunning! $3,500 to $4,500.
  • <b><center>Aste Bolaffi<br>Rare Books and Autographs<br>December 14-15, 2022</b>
    <b>Aste Bolaffi, Dec. 14-15:</b> Two first editions by Adrian Spigelius in a Sammelband: <i>De humani corporis fabrica</i> from 1627 and <i>De formato foetu</i> from 1626. €15,000 to €20,000.
    <b>Aste Bolaffi, Dec. 14-15:</b> Splendid coloured copy by Frederick De Wit, <i>Atlas maior,</i> Amsterdam, 1705. €20,000 to €30,000.
    <b>Aste Bolaffi, Dec. 14-15:</b> First edition by Marco Ricci, <i>Varia Marci Ricci Pictoris prestantissimi Experimenta,</i> Venice, Orsolini, 1723-1730. €20,000 to €25,000.
    <b><center>Aste Bolaffi<br>Rare Books and Autographs<br>December 14-15, 2022</b>
    <b>Aste Bolaffi, Dec. 14-15:</b> First edition by MicheleMarieschi, <i>Magnificentiores selectioresque Urbis Venetiarum prospectus,</i> Venice, 1741. €30,000 to €40,000.
    <b>Aste Bolaffi, Dec. 14-15:</b> Magnificent album by Louis-Leopold Boilly, Collection de dessins, calques et acquerelles, 1822. €20,000 to €25,000.
    <b>Aste Bolaffi, Dec. 14-15:</b> Rare musical score by Gioachino Rossini from 1858. €6,500 to €7,500.
  • <b><center>Dominic Winter Auctioneers<br>December 14/15<br>Printed Books, Maps & Playing Cards, Jane Austen, Children’s & Illustrated Books, Modern First Editions</b>
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> [Austen, Jane]. <i>Sense and Sensibility: A Novel,</i> 3 volumes, 1st edition, 1811. £40,000 to £60,000.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> [Austen, Jane]. <i>Pride and Prejudice: A Novel...</i> 3 volumes, 1st edition, 1813. £60,000 to £80,000.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Burton (Richard F). <i>The Lake Regions of Central Africa,</i> 1st edition, 2 volumes, 1860. £500 to £700.
    <b><center>Dominic Winter Auctioneers<br>December 14/15<br>Printed Books, Maps & Playing Cards, Jane Austen, Children’s & Illustrated Books, Modern First Editions</b>
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Dampier (William). <i>A New Voyage Around The World,</i> 1st edition, London: James Knapton, 1697. £1,000 to £1,500.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Weston (Stephen). <i>Siao cu lin, or, A small collection of Chinese characters...,</i> 1812. £300 to £400.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> China. Speed (John). <i>The Kingdome of China,</i> George Humble, [1627]. £1,200 to £1,600.
    <b><center>Dominic Winter Auctioneers<br>December 14/15<br>Printed Books, Maps & Playing Cards, Jane Austen, Children’s & Illustrated Books, Modern First Editions</b>
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Shelley (Mary Wollstonecraft). <i>Frankenstein,</i> 3rd edition, 1831. £3,000 to £5,000.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Chapbook. <i>Captain Ross's Voyage to the North Pole,</i> circa 1830s/40s. £100 to £200.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Transformation playing cards. Metastasis, London: S. and J. Fuller, 1811. £1,000 to £1,500.
    <b><center>Dominic Winter Auctioneers<br>December 14/15<br>Printed Books, Maps & Playing Cards, Jane Austen, Children’s & Illustrated Books, Modern First Editions</b>
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Kelmscott Press. Morris (William). <i>The Well at the World's End,</i> presentation copy, 1896. £2,000 to £3,000.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Fleming (Ian). <i>Moonraker,</i> 1st edition, 2nd state, 1955. £2,000 to £3,000.
    <b>Dominic Winter, Dec 14/15:</b> Plath (Sylvia). <i>The Bell Jar,</i> 1st edition, London: Heinemann, 1963. £3,000 to £4,000.

Article Search

Archived Articles

Ask Questions