• <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> <i>The Negro Travelers' Green Book,</i> edited by Victor H. Green, New York, 1958. $2,500 to $3,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Phillis Wheatley, <i>Poems on Various Subjects, Religious & Moral,</i> London, 1773. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> David Ruggles, <i>The Mirror of Liberty,</i> first issue of the first magazine edited by an African American, New York, 1838. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Lorraine Hansberry, <i>A Raisin in the Sun,</i> draft typescript, inscribed by the playwright, circa 1958. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Pair of letterpress broadsides for Ira Aldridge’s historic first 2 performances at London’s Theatre Royal, 1833. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Archive of letters to John Augustine Washington III at Mount Vernon, many of which discuss the lives of enslaved persons, 1837-61. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Important archive of letters and photographs of Charles White and his spouse, Frances B. White, 1956-60. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Papers of educator Sister Makinya Sibeko-Kouate, one of the leading popularizers of Kwanzaa, 1940-1975. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Stock certificate of the Negro Factories Corporation, signed by Marcus Garvey, 1920. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Benjamin Banneker, <i>Bannaker’s Maryland . . . Almanack and Ephemeris, for the Year of our Lord 1796,</i> Baltimore, 1795. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> Frederick Douglass, previously unknown carte-de-visite by Samuel M. Fassett, Washington DC, 1878. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 28:</b> <i>First Annual Report of the New York Committee of Vigilance,</i> New York, 1837. $3,000 to $4,000.
  • <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Greco (Gioachino). <i>Primo modo del gioco de Partito…</i> Manuscript, France, 1624 or 1625. A collection of partiti, or 'chess problems' by one of the most important figures in the history of chess. £20,000 to £30,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Herodotus. <i>Historiae,</i> translated into Latin by Lorenzo Valla and edited by Antonio Mancinelli. Venice, 1494. £15,000 to £20,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Darwin (Charles). Autograph Letter signed to his cousin Reginald Darwin, Down, Beckenham, Kent, 27th March 1879. £12,000 to £18,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Nicolay (Nicolas de). <i>The Navigations, peregrinations and voyages, made into Turkie,</i> first edition in English, Imprinted at London by Thomas Dawson, 1585. £10,000 to £15,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Saint-Exupéry (Antoine de). <i>The Little Prince,</i> number 66 of 525 copies signed by the author, 1943. £8,000 to £12,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Catlin (George, 1796-1872). Tuch-ee, A Celebrated War Chief of the Cherokees, watercolour, [circa 1834]. £6,000 to £8,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Genetics.- A collection of c.300 pamphlets on genetics comprising many of the major contributions from the first half of the 20th century. £5,000 to £7,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> India.- Rajasthan.- Kota School (probably late 18th c.). Elephant in a landscape with chains around his feet, brush and black ink with opaque pigments. £5,000 to £7,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Commelin (Caspar). <i>Horti medici Amstelaedamensis plantae rariores et exoticae,</i> first edition, 48 finely hand-coloured engraved plates, Leiden, F.Haringh, 1706. £4,000 to £6,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Plague-water and cookery & medical recipes.- Jackson (Mrs Sarah). Medical and cookery recipes, manuscript in several hands, title and 134pp., 1688-1755. £4,000 to £6,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Vernet (<i>After</i> Joseph, 1714-1789). <i>[Vues des ports de France],</i> sixteen plates (of 18), etchings and engravings by Charles Nicolas Cochin fils and Jacques Philippe Le Bas, [c.1760-1780]. £4,000 to £6,000.
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Detmold (Edward Julius, 1883-1957). Parrots and Butterflies, watercolour. £2,500 to £3,500.
  • <b>Koller Auctions: Books & Autographs. March 26, 2019</b>
    <b>Koller Auctions, Mar 26:</b> Jacques Gamelin. <i>Nouveau recueil d'osteologie et de myologie, dessine d'apres nature...</i> 2 parts in 1 vol., large folio, 82 copper plates. CHF 12,000 to 18,000
    <b>Koller Auctions, Mar 26:</b> Melchior Pfintzing. <i>Die geverlicheiten und einsteils geschichten des loblichen streytparen...</i> 118 woodcut engravings, first edition. CHF 30,000 to 50,000
    <b>Koller Auctions, Mar 26:</b> Book of hours. Handwritten Latin text on vellum. With 17 large miniatures, Flanders, c.1460. CHF 70,000 to 90,000
    <b>Koller Auctions, Mar 26:</b> Maria Sibylla Merian. <i> Dissertatio de generatione et metamorphosibus insectorum Surinamensium,</i> 72 copper plates, Den Haag, 1726. CHF 60,000 to 90,000
  • <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 7: John Blackbridge. <i>The Complete Poker Player.</i> New York, 1875. First Edition. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 14: Garrett Brown. <i>How to Beat the Game.</i> New York, 1903. $100 to $200.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 22: Anthony Comstock. <i>Frauds Exposed.</i> New York, 1880. $300 to $500.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 35: S.W. Erdnase. <i>The Expert at the Card Table.</i> Chicago: Author, 1902. First edition. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 41: [Gerritt Evans] “A Retired Professional,” pseudo. <i>How Gamblers Win.</i> New York, ca. 1870s. $250 to $350.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 54: Jonathan Harrington Green. <i>An Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling.</i> Cincinnati, 1843. First edition. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 277: Phil Farley. <i>Criminals Of America Illustrated.</i> New York, 1876. $50 to $100.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 228: <i>The English Rogue: Described in the Life of Meriton Latroon, a Witty Extravagant: Comprising the Most Eminent Cheats of Both Sexes.</i> London, 1666; 1671; 1680. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 219: Abraham De Moivre. <i>The Doctrine of Chances: or, a Method of Calculating the Probabilities of Events in Play.</i> London, 1718. First edition. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 95: Barabbas Whitefeather, pseudo. <i>The Handbook of Swindling.</i> London, 1839. Presentation copy, inscribed. $900 to $1,300.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 134: <i>Poker Chips: A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Stories of the Great American Game.</i> New York, 1896. Five issues. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, Mar 30:</b><br>Lot 87: Harry Houdini. <i>The Right Way to Do Wrong.</i> Boston, 1906. $150 to $250.

Rare Book Monthly

Articles - April - 2003 Issue

Slavery in the United States <br> Introduction

Pauldingintroduction

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SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES

By J. K. Paulding
Published in New York in 1836

INTRODUCTION.

The subject of slavery, at all times one of extreme delicacy in the United States has lately assumed a vast and alarming importance, in consequence of the proceedings of the advocates of im­mediate emancipation, who have denounced it as utterly at war with the law of God and the rights of nature. It has become the fruitful theme of cal­umny, declamation, and contention; the stalking horse of political parties and fanatical reformers. It has produced lamentable violations of the laws, and disturbed the peace of communities and states. It menaces the disruption of our social system, and tends directly to a separation of the Union. The institution has been assailed on one hand with vio­lence and obloquy; on the other defended with in­vincible determination. The obligations of truth have been sacrificed to unmitigated reproach, and the laws and constitution of the country attempted to be trampled under foot, in the hot pursuit of the rights of humanity. The feelings and good name of millions of our fellow-citizens have been grossly assailed, their rights invaded, their firesides and social institutions disturbed, and their lives endan­gered without any regard to the dictates of our moral code, and religion itself made a pretext for the violation of its own benign precepts. In as­serting the natural rights of one class of men, the constitutional rights of another have been de­nounced as violations of the law of God; and, as if it were impossible to be sincere without becom­ing mad, a ferocious, unrelenting, unbrotherly war­fare has been, still is, waging against a large por­tion of the good citizens of the United States, which, if continued, must inevitably separate this prosperous and happy Union into discordant and conflicting elements, that, instead of co-operating in the one great end of human happiness, will be pro­ductive only of contention and ruin.

In this state of things it is thought that a calm, dispassionate consideration of the subject, on the broad general ground of its influence on the happi­ness of all parties concerned, might not be without its uses at the present moment. The question is pregnant with consequences of deeper interest than any that can occupy the attention of a citizen of the United States, for it involves the peace and in­tegrity of the Union, the condition of millions living, millions yet unborn. It is a question concerning rights and duties of the greatest magnitude, the decision of which must vitally affect the present age, as well as long ages to come. In short, it is a case in which nations are called to the bar, and the two great races of mankind are parties to the issue.

To enter on such a subject with reference to present political contests, or with party views, would disgrace any man, high or low. The suc­cess of any party, however weighty might be its consequences; the triumph of any system of policy however salutary; the elevation of one man or the depression of another—all these are as nothing compared with the final disposition which may be made of this agitating question. It is to decide whether THE UNION SHALL LAST ANY LONGER; that union which all good citizens believe to be the great palladium of their present happiness, and that of their posterity. To this party the writer professes allegiance, and to no other. His great principle, and one that it will be his endeavour to sustain in the following work, is, That no beneficial consequences to any class of mankind, or to the whole universe, can counterbalance the evils that will re­sult to the people of the United States from the dis­solution of the Union, and that, therefore, no project ought ever to be tolerated by them which places it in jeopardy. Whether this principle accords with the nice metaphysical subtilties or abstract dogmas of fanaticism, he neither knows nor cares.

Hitherto, almost all that has appeared on the subject has been on one side. The horrors of sla­very have been depicted in such glowing colours as to blind us to the consequences that may, and assuredly will result from attempting to get rid of it in the summary manner demanded by the advo­cates of immediate abolition, who, one might al­most be tempted to believe, consider it the only evil existing in the world. Regard to the honour of our country; justice to a great body of as upright, honourable, and humane citizens as any nation can boast; respect to the laws of the land, and rev­erence for the constitution, seem to demand that the reverse of the picture should be seen; that the mischiefs to be remedied, the cost of the remedy, and the good to be gained by its application, should be calmly considered, in order that all may, if they please, see for themselves and decide for them­selves, whether, in attempting to get rid of one evil, we may not inflict others of far greater magnitude; whether, in short, by applying rash and unskilful remedies, we may not kill the patient.

It will be perceived, in the course of the follow­ing discussion, that the writer does not consider slavery, as it exists in the United States, an evil of such surpassing enormity as to demand the sacri­fice of the harmony and consequent union of the states, followed by civil contention and servile war, to its removal. If the question were now for the first time to be decided, whether it should be per­mitted to ingraft itself on the institutions of the country, he would assuredly oppose it with a zeal at least equal to that with which he is about to combat the unlawful interference of the abolition­ists. But inasmuch as it is now deeply, rooted in our land, and inseparably intertwined with the in­terests, the habits, the domestic policy, and social relations of a large portion of the people of this Union; inasmuch as it is identified with the con­stitutional rights, and the value of the property of millions of free citizens who will not be persuaded, and cannot be controlled; and, above all, inasmuch as the treatment it may receive must and will deeply affect their peace, safety, and happiness, he is for leaving it to the humanity and discretion of those whom alone it concerns. If it be an evil, let those who cherish bear it. It is their business, not ours, since no duty renders it obligatory on us to go crusading about the world redressing wrongs, real or imaginary, which we had no hand in inflicting. If it reflects dishonour, none of it can fall to our share, since the institution of slavery is guarded by constitutional barriers which can­not be overleaped or broken down, and we have done our part by abolishing it wherever it was within our jurisdiction. If it be a crime to have inherited the property of slaves; if it be a crime to decline divesting themselves of it in a manner which all rational reflecting men believe will be equally pernicious to the master and the slave; if it be a crime to resent, resist, or counteract by every means in their power, any interference with a subject involving all that is dear to men, then let them meet the consequences; but let not us, their kindred, neighbours, and countrymen, become in­struments to scatter the firebrands of fanaticism among them, and lend a helping hand to insurrec­tion and massacre.

Let us not forget that in our furious zeal to give freedom to the blacks, we are laying the axe to the root of the fairest plant of freedom that adorns the New or the Old World; that in our ardour to bring about a questionable good, we are provoking vast and alarming evils; and that there is no precept of religion or morality more inflexible in its ap­plication than that which forbids doing evil that good may ensue. Where the evil is immediate and morally certain, on every ground of reason and experience, and the good remote, contingent, and hypothetical, it is the part of a wise and good man to shrink from thus arrogating to himself the attributes of Omniscience, and pretending to look into futurity. When mankind are gifted with a prophetic inspiration directly derived from Heaven; or when they acquire the prerogative of planning and controlling the economy of the universe, then, and not till then, should they dare to do evil in the presumptuous anticipation that the miseries they may inflict on the living, will be repaid by the hap­piness of those yet unborn.

New-York, Nov. 1835.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Arenberg Auctions: Rare Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Works on Paper. March 29 & 30, 2019</b>
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> QUAST, Pieter Jansz. - [A Quack doctor on a market square.] €3.500 to €4.500
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b><br>"Il Callotto resuscitato. Oder Ne¸ eingerichtes Zwerchen Cabinet." €6.000 to €7.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> MELLISS, Mrs. John Charles - 135 compositions of which 66 used to illustrate John Melliss' work on Saint Helena. €9.000 to €10.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions: Rare Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Works on Paper. March 29 & 30, 2019</b>
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> LUCA, Ghérasim. - <i>Apostroph' apocalypse. Eaux-fortes de Wifredo Lam.</i> €3.000 to €4.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> REDOUTÉ, Pierre-Joseph - <i>Les Roses. Décrites par C.A. Thory.</i> €3.000 to €4.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> CORONELLI, Vincenzo - A magnificent pair of globes, terrestrial and celestial. €175.000 to €250.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions: Rare Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Works on Paper. March 29 & 30, 2019</b>
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> BLAEU, Joan - <i>Le Grand Atlas, ou Cosmographie Blaviaene, en laquelle est exactement descritte la Terre, la Mer, et le Ciel.</i> €170.000 to €250.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> GOULD, John - A century of birds from the Himalaya mountains. €10.000 to €12.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> LEVAILLANT, François - Histoire naturelle des perroquets. €50.000 to €70.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions: Rare Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Works on Paper. March 29 & 30, 2019</b>
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> MAXIMILIAN III JOSEPH - Patent of nobility. €800 to €1.000
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> Manuale parochiale sacerdotum. €800 to €1.200
    <b>Arenberg Auctions, Mar 29 & 30:</b> LONGUS - Les amours pastorales de Daphnis et Chloé. €1.250 to €1.500
  • <b>Chiswick Auctions: Books & Illustrated Art including Cartoons. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Silver Binding.- [Torah], German 13 Loth silver binding, hinged clasp, 12mo, Sulzbach, 1805. £2,500 to £3,500.
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Picasso (Pablo). Minotaure vaincu, plate 89 from La Suite Vollard, etching, dated 29 May 1933, pencil, plate 190 x 265 mm, Paris, A. Vollard, 1939. £5,000 to £6,000.
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Dali (Salvador) & Alighieri (Dante). <i>La Divina Commedia,</i> 6 vols, NUMBER 478 of 2,900 copies, 100 numbered colour lithograph plates by Salvador Dalì, folio, Verona, 1963-1964. £3,000 to £4,000.
    <b>Chiswick Auctions: Books & Illustrated Art including Cartoons. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Miniature Sepher Torah Nevi'im U'Kethuvim, prepared by Menachem M. Scholz, original cloth, housed within original gilt tooled metal case, with magnifying glass inset, 33x25 mm, Warsaw, c. 1880. £1,200 to £1,800.
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Scarfe (Gerald). ‘Men of Snow’ [Tony Blair, William Hague & 'Robin' Cook], original ink, watercolour & gouache drawing, signed, 600 x 435 mm, n.d. with 2 others (3). £800 to £1,200
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Francklyn (Gilbert), Paine (Thomas). <i>Rights of Man…</i>, FIRST EDITION [and] <i>Rights of Man. Part the Second…,</i> Printed for J. S. Jordan, 1791-92, [and 1 other]. £700 to £1,000
    <b>Chiswick Auctions: Books & Illustrated Art including Cartoons. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Chagall (Marc). Le Jeu des Acrobates (Acrobats at Play), HORS COMMERCE PROOF, lithograph, from The Lithographs of Chagall, 320 x 240 mm, André Sauret, 1963. £1,800 to £2,200
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> [Harris (John)]. <i>The History of The Old Woman who had Three Sons Jerry, James, and John…,</i> 12mo, J. Harris, 1815. £200 to £300
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Royal Binding.- Staël-Holstein (Germaine de). <i>De la littèrature considerée dans ses rapports avec les institutions sociales…,</i> 2 vols, second edition, Crapelet, Paris, [1801]. £400 to £600
    <b>Chiswick Auctions: Books & Illustrated Art including Cartoons. March 28, 2019</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Ancient History.- La Baune (Jacques de). <i> Panegyrici Veteres,</i> Paris, 1676. [with] Wesseling (Petrus, ed.). <i> Vetera Romanorum itineraria…</i> £800 to £1,200
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Edward (Gibbon). <i> History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire…</i> Multiple editions and languages [English and French]. £300 to £400
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Mar 28:</b> Curtis (William). <i> Flora Londinensis,</i> FIRST EDITION, 2 vols in 3. 119 hand-coloured plates of 454. £500 to £700
  • <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Walt Whitman. <i>Leaves of Grass.</i> First edition, first issue, SIGNED in block letters by Whitman. 1855. $200,000 to $300,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Isaac Newton's copy of John Greave's <i>Pyramidographia,</i> London, 1646. $50,000 to $70,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Colonel John Mosby. Robert E. Lee's autograph letter to Samuel Cooper reporting on Mosby's exploits, with Cooper's autograph note ordering his appointment to Major.
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Gyula Halasz Brassai. Large archive of autograph and typed letters, over 260, to his family including his wife Gilberte, 1947-1978. $40,000 to $60,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Archive of drawings and letters from Harper Lee to Charles Carruth, including an inscribed first edition of <i>To Kill a Mockingbird.</i> $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 11:</b> VESALIUS, ANDREAS. 1514-1564. <i>De humani corporis fabrica libri septem.</i> Basel: Johannes Oporinus, June 1543. $300,000 to $500,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 11:</b> HARVEY, WILLIAM. 1578-1657. <i>De motu cordis & sanguinis in animalibus Anatomica Exercitatio.</i> Leiden: Joannis Maire, 1639. $25,000 to $35,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 11:</b> BERENGARIO DA CARPI, GIACOMO. 1460-1530. <i>Isagogae breves perlucide ac uberrimae in Anatomiam humani corporis.</i> Bologna: Benedictus Hectoris, 15 July 1523. $15,000 to $25,000
    <b>Bonhams NY, Mar 11:</b> FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN. 1706-1790. <i>Experiments and Observations on Electricity, made at Philadelphia in America…</i> London, 1769. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams NY, Mar 11:</b> BENIVIENI, ANTONIO. 1443-1502. <i>De abditis nonnullis ac mirandis morborum et sanationum causis.</i>Florence: Filippo Giunta, 1507. $8,000 to $12,000

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