Rare Book Monthly

Articles - February - 2012 Issue

Looking Back at Book Prices in 2011

Imhofprayer

The Imhoff Prayerbook, sold by Christie's for over $2.5 million, was the most expensive book of 2011

The last few years have been economically trying for just about everyone, and book selling certainly hasn't been immune. While precisely what is happening to dealers is impossible to know (most don't talk), auction results are public. And the auction results show a modest recovery in the book market, though some may be surprised. But, numbers don't lie.

The most important number is the median price at auction, the midpoint of all prices for the year. It cannot be easily distorted by a handful of very expensive items. For 2011, that number was $378. That figure is almost identical to that of 2009, and represents a bump off the low point, sometime in 2010. It may not feel like a banner year in the trade as prices are still down substantially from the high water mark in 2007. That year, the median was $486. Nevertheless, it is a step in the right direction, a bounce off of the lows. It is something to build upon.

The percentage of lots that sold for over $1,000 was also up. From 25% in 2010 it rose to 27% in 2011. At the peak in 2007, it reached 33%.

The sell through rate was virtually flat, acceptable so long as the median price is not falling. The previous year it was 68.4%, while for 2011 it was 68.1%. At the peak, in 2007, that number was almost 75%, so we still have a ways to go, but hopefully that, too, is a number that has bottomed and will work its way back to a normal 70%-75%.

Perhaps another telling figure is the percentage of lots that sold over and under their estimates. In 2010, 46% of those lots which sold went for more than the high estimate, 30% for less than the low estimate. Last year, the ratio was 46%-31%. That is almost unchanged. This is a sign that the market has stabilized, auction houses are able to make estimates that are met in similar percentages year to year. When the market was growing, in 2007, the ratio was 49%-27%, more sales surprising to the upside, but when market prices collapsed in 2009, the ratio was only 44%-32%. All in all, the numbers indicate to us at worst a stable market in 2011, and possibly a small turn upward.

The leading auction house in terms of number of lots offered in 2011 was easily the German auctioneer Kiefer Buch und Kunstauktionen. Their 26,118 was more than double runners-up Bubb Kuyper of Holland with 12,403, and Bloomsbury of London at 12,049. Kiefer puts up some massive auctions, and while the sell-through rate was under 50%, they still led in terms of lots sold with 11,352. Bloomsbury was next with 8,860.

National Book Auctions of Ithaca, New York, achieved the highest sell-through rate at 99%. Dirk Soulis Auctions of Lee's Summit, Missouri, followed at 96%.

The highest median price went to the London, King Street location of Christie's at $18,288. Three others made it to five figures, all branches of Sotheby's. New York had a median of $11,250, Paris of $10,275, and London of $10,140. The highest median for an auction house not named Christie's or Sotheby's was Bonham's in Dubai at $5,040, although the volume there was very light.

The highest average sale also went to the London King's Street location of Christie's at a whopping $64,334. After that came Sotheby's in London at $31,621 and Sotheby's New York at $27,386.

Large numbers certainly impress, but for those of more modest means, those five figure medians may not be the right place to buy. Seven houses had median prices under $100, including National Book of Ithaca, Keys Fine Arts of Norwich, Antiquarian Auctions of Capetown, Knotty Pine of West Swanzey, Clars of Oakland, JMW of Kingston, and Poulin of Fairfield. Another ten had medians in the $100-$200 range, including Ferraton and Alain & Evelyne Morel de Westgaver, both of Brussels, Oger et Camper and Rossini, each of Paris, Dirk Soulis of Lee's Summit, Burgersdijk & Niermans of Leiden, Bubb Kuyper of Haarlem, Kiefer of Pforzheim, Rupert Toovey of West Sussex, and even Heritage at their New York location. There are lots of places where average collectors can bid. National Book combined the lowest median of $41 and lowest average of $78 with the highest sell-through rate of 99%. Whatever you bid there, if no one else challenges you, you are going to get it. Of the 5,394 items offered, only 27 returned to their shelves.

November was once again the busiest month for book auctions, but May is now a very close second. Interestingly, volume in September, usually a fairly slow month, shot up this year. Fall is always the busiest time of the year, but it looks like more houses are now trying to get a jump on the season. The slowest months were January, July and August. August was not only the slowest month, but had the lowest median and average prices as well. The highest prices were achieved in October and November.

So ends our review of another year gone by. Already, we have now moved through the first 1/12th of 2012, and here is wishing a prosperous year of buying and selling for booksellers and collectors alike.

AE's detailed auction charts may be found by clicking this link.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Christie’s Paris, 20 Feb:</b> BELON. <i>L’Histoire de la nature des oyseaux.</i> Paris : Corrozet, 1555. $17,000 to $23,000
    <b>Christie’s Paris, 20 Feb:</b> MIOMANDRE – BARBIER. <i>Dessins sur les danses de Vaslav Nijinsky.</i> Paris. 1913. $23,000 to $34,000
    <b>Christie’s Paris, 20 Feb:</b> HOKUSAI. <i>Fugaku Hyakkei, Edo : Nishimura Yûzô.</i> 1834-1875. $58,000 to $80,000
    <b>Christie’s Paris, 20 Feb:</b> EDWARDS. <i> <br>A Natural History of Uncommon Birds…</i> London : Printed for the Author. 1743-1764. $35,000 to $46,000
    <b>Christie’s Paris, 20 Feb:</b> VESALIUS. <i><br> De Humane Corporis Fabrica libri septem...</i> Basle : J. Oporinus. 1555. $58,000 to $80,000
  • <b>Morton Subastas on Bidsquare:</b><br>Die Französische Expedition gegen Mexico /Beilagen zum Beiheft des Militair - Wochenblattes
    <b>Morton Subastas on Bidsquare:</b><br>The Architecture Of M. Vitruvius Pollio. London, 1791.
    <b>Morton Subastas on Bidsquare:</b> Estatuto Provisional del Imperio Mexicano. México: Imprenta de Andrade y Escalante, 1865.
    <b>Morton Subastas on Bidsquare:</b> Historia de Méjico... México, 1849 - 1852.
    <b>Morton Subastas on Bidsquare:</b> Juárez, Benito - Ogazón, Pedro. Legajos de Bandos del Estado de Guadalajara, 1860-1863.
    <b>Morton Subastas on Bidsquare:</b> Sigüenza y Góngora, Carlos. Mapa de las Aguas que por el Círculo de 90 Leguas Vienen a la Laguna de Tescuco... Méx, 1748.
    <b>Morton Subastas on Bidsquare:</b> Cruces y Campa / Aubert / Valleto. Pareja Imperial, Fusilamiento de Maximiliano, Tipos Mexicanos... ca,1875.
  • <b>Bonhams: Treasures from the Eric C. Caren Collection: How History Unfolds on Paper, Part VII (Online). March 6-14, 2019</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Albert Einstein A remarkable letter on God in English, one of his most eloquent and quoted, 1 p, July 2, 1945. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Benjamin Lincoln's commission as Major General in the Continental Army, February 19th, 1777. $60,000 to $90,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Broadside. A Poem Upon the Bloody Engagement That Was Fought on Bunker's-Hill. 1775. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Early, full printing of the Star-Spangled Banner in The Yankee, October 7, 1814. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Paul Revere. Engraving, “The Boston Massacre Perpetrated on March 5, 1770," in <i>Massachusett's Calendar 1772.</i> $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Bonhams: Treasures from the Eric C. Caren Collection: How History Unfolds on Paper, Part VII (Online). March 6-14, 2019</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Earliest known newspaper coverage of Babe Ruth, "a St Mary's schoolboy," Baltimore, April 4, 1914. $6,000 to $9,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Franklin, Benjamin. <i>The Independent Whig.</i> First Magazine Published in America, Philadelphia: Keimer, 1723-4. $15,000 to $20,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Smith, Joseph. <i>The Book of Mormon.</i> Palmyra: Printed by E.B. Grandin for the Author, 1830. First printing. $40,000 to $60,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Last Words of Joseph Smith. Autograph Letter Signed from a Mormon disciple, conveying a contemporary account of the Prophet's final words, Nauvoo, July 27, 1844. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> John Brown's Body. Autograph Letter Signed from the daughter of John Brown attempting to arrange the return of her father's body, North Elba, Essex Co, NY, November 29, 1859. $4,000 to $6,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 6-14:</b> Powell Expedition. Autograph diary of Rhodes C. Allen kept during the Powell Expedition of 1868, June 29, 1868 - November 16, 1868. $20,000 to $40,000
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> NASA archive with 351 photographs, silver & chromogenic prints, 1960-2002. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> Edward S. Curtis, suite of 18 cyanotypes, 1910-14. $25,000 to $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> Edward S. Curtis, <i>Horse Capture, Atsina,</i> unique copper plate for <i>The North American Indian,</i> 1908. $60,000 to $90,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> John Whipple, <i>Harriet Beecher Stowe,</i> salted print from a calotype negative, 1853. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> Lewis Carroll, <i>Xie Kitchen,</i> albumen print, circa 1872. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> Ansel Adams, <i>Taos Pueblo,</i> limited, signed first edition of the artist's first book, 12 silver bromide prints, 1930. $30,000 to $45,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b><br>JFK in his motorcade about 2 mins before his assassination, chromogenic print, 1963. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> Anton Guilio Bragaglia, 6 photomechanical postcards with facsimile signatures, 1911-13, printed 1932. $30,000 to $45,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 21:</b> Société Anonyme, Inc, group of 9 postcards, including 8 real photo postcards, 1920-30. $25,000 to $35,000.
  • <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Walt Whitman. <i>Leaves of Grass.</i> First edition, first issue, SIGNED in block letters by Whitman. 1855. $200,000 to $300,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Isaac Newton's copy of John Greave's <i>Pyramidographia,</i> London, 1646. $50,000 to $70,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Colonel John Mosby. Robert E. Lee's autograph letter to Samuel Cooper reporting on Mosby's exploits, with Cooper's autograph note ordering his appointment to Major.
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Gyula Halasz Brassai. Large archive of autograph and typed letters, over 260, to his family including his wife Gilberte, 1947-1978. $40,000 to $60,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 12:</b> Archive of drawings and letters from Harper Lee to Charles Carruth, including an inscribed first edition of <i>To Kill a Mockingbird.</i> $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 11:</b> VESALIUS, ANDREAS. 1514-1564. <i>De humani corporis fabrica libri septem.</i> Basel: Johannes Oporinus, June 1543. $300,000 to $500,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 11:</b> HARVEY, WILLIAM. 1578-1657. <i>De motu cordis & sanguinis in animalibus Anatomica Exercitatio.</i> Leiden: Joannis Maire, 1639. $25,000 to $35,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar 11:</b> BERENGARIO DA CARPI, GIACOMO. 1460-1530. <i>Isagogae breves perlucide ac uberrimae in Anatomiam humani corporis.</i> Bologna: Benedictus Hectoris, 15 July 1523. $15,000 to $25,000
    <b>Bonhams NY, Mar 11:</b> FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN. 1706-1790. <i>Experiments and Observations on Electricity, made at Philadelphia in America…</i> London, 1769. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams NY, Mar 11:</b> BENIVIENI, ANTONIO. 1443-1502. <i>De abditis nonnullis ac mirandis morborum et sanationum causis.</i>Florence: Filippo Giunta, 1507. $8,000 to $12,000

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