Source : Check List American Railroads

Source Title Check List on American Railroads before 1841
Description A union list of printed books and pamphlets, including state and federal documents, dealing with charters, bylaws, legislative acts, speeches, debates, land grants, officers' and engineers' reports, travel guides, maps, etc.



THIS CHECK LIST, prepared at The New York Public Library and checked by thirty-five co-operating libraries, was compiled for the purpose of listing printed books and pamphlets, including state and federal documents, issued before the year 1841, which might be considered important to the student of American railroads.

In compiling this list, in the first instance, various sources, including Poore's Descriptive catalogue of the government publications of the United States, Sept. 5,1774 to March, 1881, Hasse's Index of economic material in documents of the states of the United States, Bowker's State publications, the Bureau of Railway Economics' Railway economics; a collective catalogue of books in fourteen American libraries, and Lee's A bibliography of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Company, 1827 to 1879, were consulted. After the original list was prepared, copies were sent to the libraries collaborating, for checking and for supplementary information and additional titles. When the additional titles had been collected, a second list was printed and returned to all of the libraries for further checking. These two lists when checked and returned were merged and form the present compilation.

In the selection of items for this list, two general types of publications were assembled for examination, i.e. material dealing wholly with railroads, and material dealing with other subjects, but having some reference in its text to railroads.

The specific material covered by this check list includes separately printed matter, i.e. books, pamphlets, broadsides (except stock or contract certificates or bonds), and maps. In other words, all printed matter, suitable in form as just defined, which directly and predominantly relates to American railroads, or has the words "railroad" or "railway" printed on the title page, has been included in this list. There is one exception to this rule: the subject of Marine Railways, which has no direct reference to the subject covered by this check list, is not included.

References to American railroads before 1825 are few, and from 1825 to 1830 the subject was so new that all material printed before 1831, suitable in form as previously defined, has been included, even if there are only incidental references to American railroads. Such references were found in canal reports, governors' messages, and similar publications. Maps issued before 1831 showing American railroads are included even though the words "railroad" or "railway" do not appear in the title.

In a number of states, there were governing bodies engaged on railroad projects as well as canals, i.e. the Pennsylvania Canal Commissioners, the Indiana Internal Improvement Board, the Illinois Board of Public Works, and the Virginia Board of Public Works. As these reports are especially important to the student of railroads, they have been listed. The reports of similar state boards which were not engaged on railroad projects, are omitted from the list even though there are incidental references.

Reports of canal companies which operated railroads, have been included, if the reports refer to the railroads. Reports and pamphlets issued by the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, which contain more than an incidental reference to the controversy between the canal company and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad are also included. Reports issued after 1830 of canal companies not engaged in operating railroads are not listed, even though they contain incidental references to the subject.

Reports of companies whose activities were connected with the terminals of railroads, such as the Canton Company of Baltimore and the South Cove Company of Massachusetts, have been included in this list.

Separate documents issued by municipalities, such as some of the reports of the Board of Aldermen of the City of New York and the reports of the Mayor of Baltimore, are covered by this list, if they directly and predominantly relate to railroads; otherwise they are excluded.

Governors' messages played an important part in railroad progress in the United States. These messages have been included if they devote approximately one page or more to a discussion of individual railroads or railroad problems.

State House and Senate journals are not in the list, irrespective of date, unless as in the case of the reports of the canal commissioners of the State of Pennsylvania, the entire volume or the greater part of the journal is devoted to a railroad report. These volumes of the Pennsylvania Senate and House journals sometimes contain more material in their attached exhibits than any of the issues of the canal commissioners.

Reports of legislative committees, such as a committee on internal improvements, a committee on ways and means, or a committee on roads and canals, are included even if the word "railroad" or its equivalent is absent from the title, if approximately one page or more is devoted to a discussion of individual railroads or railroad problems. Such reports are not included if they concern only the securities of railroad companies and tables of investments by the state. This is also true of the reports of the treasurer of the Western Shore of Maryland.

There are a good many documents of the United States government containing petitions of railroads for relief from the duties on railroad iron. These items are included, if the word "railroad" or its equivalent is in the title. However, memorials of manufacturers and other industrial groups relating to the importation of iron in general, and sometimes having incidental references to railroad iron, are not included in the list.

Travelers' guides and gazetteers issued after 1830 and containing lists of railroads or descriptive railroad references are part of this check list, though the words "railroad" or "railway" may not appear in the titles. However, they are not included if they have only incidental railroad references. Bradford's Atlas, which has a page or more of text accompanying each map, and is considered superior to the text in most gazetteers, is an example of the type of gazetteer selected for this list.

Issues of Mitchell's Travellers' Guide from 1832 to 1836 were maps in lettered leather cases, with the text printed on each map. This text consisted of tables, one of which was "Lengths of the principal rail-roads, (Finished or in progress) in the United States." Also in the text (1832 issue) was a heading "Steam-boat and canal routes" with a reference to route No. 11 "Philadelphia to Baltimore, via Newcastle & French T. Rail-R." The Mitchell guides are included in the list because of the table and not because of the incidental reference.

Foreign publications having references to American railroads are listed if there is at least a chapter devoted to the subject.

A summary of the material included, is as follows:

1. Every book or pamphlet, including state and federal documents, printed before 1841 specifically dealing with American railroads, or having the words "railroad" or "railway" in its title.

2. Every book or pamphlet, including state and federal documents, printed before 1831 and containing incidental references to American railroads.

3. Every separately printed map issued before 1831 showing American railroads, together with every separately printed map issued before 1841 and having the words "railroad" or "railway" in its title.

4. Reports of the Pennsylvania Canal Commissioners, the Indiana Internal Improvement Board, the Illinois Board of Public Works, and the Virginia Board of Public Works, printed before 1841. Continue
Total Records in AED 2707
  • <b>Christie's London, December 1: Valuable Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Christie's London Dec 1: </b> Lot 144. BLOCH, Marcus Elieser. [Allgemeine Naturgeschichte der Fische:] 12 parts in 9 volumes, comprising 6 <br>text vols. Est. £40,000-£60,000 .
    <b>Christie's London Dec 1: </b> Lot 77. JOYCE, James (1882-1941). <i>Ulysses</i>. Paris: Shakespeare and Company, 1922. Est. £50,000-£80,000.
    <b>Christie's London Dec 1: </b> Lot 1. THE THREE MARYS AT THE SEPULCHRE and THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST. Est. £150,000-£200,000.
    <b>Christie's London, December 1: Valuable Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Christie's London Dec 1: </b> Lot 164. VALTURIUS, Robertus (1413-84). <br><i>De re militari</i>. Edited by Paulus Ramusius, Junior. Verona... <br>Est. £35,000-£45,000.
    <b>Christie's London Dec 1: </b> Lot 171. [POTTER, Beatrix (1866-1943), illustrator]. Frederic E. WEATHERLY. <i><br>A Happy Pair...Illustrated by H.B.P.</i><br> Est. £5,000-£8,000.
    <b>Christie's London Dec 1: </b> Lot 181. CAO, Junyi (fl. 1644). <i>Tianxia jiubian fenyie renji lucheng quantu.</i><br>Est. £300,000-£500,000.
    Arader Nov 21: Lot 93. A Mapp of Ye Improved Parts of Pennsylvania in America... Description: Thomas Holme (1624-1695). Est: $15,000-$20,000
  • <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 113. EINSTEIN, ALBERT. 1879-1955. Autograph Manuscript Signed<br>("A. Einstein") on final page.<br>US$ 80,000-120,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 10. BURNS, ROBERT. 1759-1796. Autograph Revised Manuscript, <i>Monody on Maria<br>R._________</i> US$ 10,000-15,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 100. WOOLF, VIRGINIA. 1882-1941. Autograph Letter Signed ("AVS"), 4 pp recto and verso, 8vo. US$ 10,000-15,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 28. DICKINSON, EMILY. 1830-1886. Autograph Note Signed ("Emily"). US$ 10,000-15,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 79. REVERE, PAUL. 1735-1818. Autograph Note Signed ("Paul Revere"), 1 p, oblong 16mo. US$ 10,000-15,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 22. DARWIN, CHARLES. 1809-1882. Autograph Letter Signed ("C. Darwin"), 2-1/2 pp, 8vo. US$ 8,000-12,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 58. OYCE, JAMES. 1882-1941. Autograph Letter Signed ("James Joyce"), December 5, 1920. US$ 8,000-12,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 249. MATISSE, HENRI. 1869-1954. MALLARMÉ, STEPHANE. Poésies. Lausanne: Albert Skira, 1932. US$ 40,000-60,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 229. STOKER, BRAM. 1847-1912. Dracula, 1899. <i>First American edition, inscribed by the author</i>. US$ 12,000-18,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 241. GAUGUIN, PAUL. 1848-1903. [Noa Noa, Vojage de Tahiti. 1893-1894.] US$ 15,000-25,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 233. CHAGALL, MARC. 1887-1985. Poémes. Geneva: Cramer Éditeur, 1968. 124 pp. Poems. US$ 20,000-30,000
    <b>Bonhams Dec 9th: </b> Lot 20. CUMMINGS, EDWARD ESTLIN. 1894-1962. Autograph Manuscript Signed ("E.E. Cummings"), headed "Poem". US$ 5,000-8,000
  • Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Davies, John, of Hereford. <i>Wittes Pilgrimage</i>. London, [1605?]. $10,000-15,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Rowley, Samuel. <i>When you See Me, You know Mee</i>. London, 1632. $3,000-5,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: <br>Ariosto, Lodovico (John Harington, trans.). <i>Orlando Furioso in English Heroical Verse</i>. (London, 1591). $90,000-120,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Marlowe, Christopher. <i>The Famous Tragedy of the Rich Jew of Malta</i>. London, 1633. $40,000-60,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Caius, Joannes. <i>Of Englishe Dogges</i>. London, 1576. $30,000-50,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, <i>Or The Matter, Forme, & Power of a Common-Wealth</i>. London, 1651. $25,000-35,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Missal, Use of Sarum. <i>Missale ad usu[m] insignis ac preclare ecclesie Sar[um]</i>. London, [1512]. $15,000-20,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Bacon, Sir Francis. <i>Instauratio Magna [Novum Organum]</i>. London, 1620. <br>$20,000-30,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Walton, Izaak. <i>The Compleat Angler or the Contemplative man's Recreation</i>. London, 1653. $70,000-100,000
    Sotheby's NY December 2-4:<br>Milton, John. <i>Poems</i>. London, 1645. $25,000-35,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Baldwin, William. <i>A Myrroure for Magistrates</i>. London, 1559. $100,000-$150,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Newton, Isaac. <i>Opticks</i>. London, 1704. Presentation copy given by the author to Edmund Halley. $400,000-600,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Shakespeare, William. <i>Poems</i>. London, 1640. $150,000-200,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Chaucer, Geoffrey. <i>Canterbury Tales</i>. London, 1526. $200,000-$300,000
    Sotheby's NY Dec 2-4: Donne, John. Autograph letter signed to Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, presenting a first edition of <i>Pseudo-Martyr</i>, London, 1610. $150,000-200,000
  • <b>19th Century Shop.</b> A patriot who fought with George Washington Superb Daguerreotype of Baltus<br>Stone at age 101 (1846).
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Edward Curtis portrait of Honovi, Walpi Snake Priest "Honovi was one of the author's principal informants" (1910).
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> The Execution of the Lincoln Assassination Conspirators by Alexander Gardner (1865).
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Harriet Beecher Stowe, Catharine Beecher, Henry Ward Beecher, and the other siblings with their father Lyman Beecher. By Mathew Brady (1850s).
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> From Slaves to World-Famous Entertainers Millie-Christine, "The Two-Headed Nightingale" (c. 1868-71)
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Goldfield, Nevada Photograph Collection Fabled Western Mining Boomtown (1905-1906)
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Tycoon-Collector Benjamin Richardson poses with his great-grandson as appeared in parade.
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Alexander Gardner portrait of Lincoln the only known copy, ex-John Hay (1863).
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Magnificent Niagara Falls album with a strong provenance (1867).
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Spectacular American West Album From Yosemite to Salt Lake City to San Francisco.
  • <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn. A lovely copy of Twain’s masterpiece.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Ernest Hemingway, The Old Man and <br>the Sea. A pristine copy of this American classic.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland. A high-spot of children’s literature.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Actively seeking famous works of literature.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Cotton Mather, Triumphs of the Reformed Religion, in America. A rare family association copy.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged. An inscribed first edition of Rand’s magnum opus.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> John K. Toole, A Confederacy of Dunces. Easily the most hilarious Pulitzer Prize Winner.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Click here to view our latest catalogues.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Ian Fleming, Casino Royale. First American in the exceptionally rare 1st issue jacket.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> John Donne, Poems. One of the great 17th century works of poetry.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Douglas Adams, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to <br>the Galaxy. Inscribed first edition.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Seeking to purchase exceptional books.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian. Most important work of American fiction from the 1980s.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Maurice Sendak, Where the Wild Things Are.<br>A lovely first edition.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Roald Dahl, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Basis for the beloved 1971 film.
    <b>Whitmore Rare Books.</b> Click here to view our latest catalogues.
Ask Questions