• <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 30:</b> Carte-de-visite album featuring a previously unrecorded image of Harriet Tubman, 1860s. Sold for $161,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 7:</b> Hovhannes Amira Dadian, first world atlas in Armenian, Venice, 1849. Sold for $37,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 16:</b> T.E. Lawrence, <i>Seven Pillars of Wisdom</i>, privately printed edition, inscribed, London, 1926. Sold for $62,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 14:</b> 22 large-format photographs from NASA missions, 1965-84. Sold for $43,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 21: </b> Charles M. Schulz, <i>Here Comes the Big Polar Bear</i>, pen & ink, 4-panel Peanuts comic strip, 1957. Sold for $12,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 4:</b> Elliott Erwitt, photograph of JFK & Eisenhower, signed by both, 1960. Sold for $32,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 9:</b> John Milton, <i>Paradise Lost</i>, first edition, London, 1668. Sold for $22,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 30:</b> Frederick Douglass, Autograph Letter Signed to George Alfred Townsend, Washington, 1880. Sold for $100,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Jan 26:</b> <i>Les Maîtres de l'Affiche</i>, 5 volumes, Paris, 1896-1900. Sold for $47,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 16:</b> James Joyce, <i>Ulysses</i>, first edition, number 724 on handmade paper, Paris, 1922. Sold for $33,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 9:</b> Single leaf of the Gutenberg Bible, Mainz, 1455, in a copy of Newton's <i>A Noble Fragment</i>. Sold for $52,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> The Book of Mormon, first edition, Palmyra, NY, 1830. Sold for $52,500.
  • <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Newton. <i>Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica</i>. London, 1687.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Josephus. <i>De antiquitate Judaica.</i> Lubeck, 1475-76.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Carlerius. <i>Sporta fragmentorum, Sportula fragmentorum</i>. Brussels, 1478-79.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Fridolin. <i>Der Schatzbehalter</i>. Nuremberg, 1491.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Pinder. <i>Der beschlossen gart des rosenkrantz marie</i>. Nuremberg, 1505.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Isidorus Hispalensis. <i>Synonyma de Homine</i>. Nuremberg, 1470-71.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Durer. Sammelband including <i>Underweysung der messing</i>. Nuremberg, 1525-29.
  • <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Walter Gibson's Complete Run of The Shadow. 48 bound volumes, 1931-44. $8,000-12,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Frederic Shoberl, The World in Miniature: Hindoostan. 6 volumes. $2,000-4,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> A Rare Copy of the Earliest Chicago Newspaper to Report on the Great Fire of 1871. $6,000-8,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Broadside Proclamation by Mayor Roswell B. Mason for the Preservation of Good Order Following the Great Fire of 1871. Chicago. $4,000-6,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Peter Force Engraving of the Declaration of Independence. One page. Scarce and highly collectable. $15,000-20,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> John Quincy Adams. The Jubilee of the Constitution. A Discourse. First edition. Inscribed. 1839. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Cuban Revolution: Expedicion y Desembarco del “Granma.” Havana, ca. 1959. With portraits of the Castro brothers & Che Guevara. $150-250
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Osuna Ramos. A group of 28 photographs of the Mexican Revolution & aftermath in Mexico City, 1910-1920. 4½ x 6”. $400-600
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Charles Bukowski. Hot Water Music. First edition with original signed painting. 1983. $2,000-4,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Alan Ginsberg. Five Page Autographed Letter. Signed. February 10, 1971. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Andy Warhol’s Children’s Book. Featuring 12 color illustrations. Signed 5 times. 1983. $5,000-7,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Albrecht Durer. The Martyrdom Saint John the Evangelist. Woodcut, 1511 edition. $1,000-2,000
  • <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Roland de Lassus. [Songs and madrigals]. Album gathering three collections of secular music for tenor. 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Richard Wagner. <i>Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.</i> Original edition corrected and annotated by Wagner. 60.000-80.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Claude Debussy. <i>La Damoiselle élue</i>. Lyrical poem, after D.-G. Rossetti. Limited edition of 160 copies. 6.000-8.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Stéphane Mallarmé. Handwritten notebook made by Geneviève Mallarmé. No place or date [circa 1910]. 10.000-15.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Henri Sauguet. <i>Les Forains</i>. Ballet. Reduction for piano. Original edition. 20.000-30.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Athanasius Kircher. <i>Musurgia Universalis sive Ars Magna Consoni et Dissoni in X. Libros digesta.</i> 1650. 30.000-40.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> François Villon, & Clément Marot. <i>Les Œuvres de François Villon de Paris, Reviewed and gathered by Clement Marot.</i> 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Rainer Maria Rilke. <i>Larenopfer</i> (Offrande aux dieux Lares). The second collection of Rainer Maria Rilke, containing ninety poems. 6.000-8.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Paul Éluard. <i>Capitale de la douleur.</i> One of the most beautiful poetic collections from the first surrealist wave. 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Pierre de Ronsard. <i>Les Amours</i> ... newly augmented by him, and commented by Marc Antoine de Muret. 40.000-60.000 €

Auction Update Review

80439fb9-566f-45d1-a330-34a77b727b40

Old World Auctions Closes
Feb 17. Click to register.

16 Auctions Archived, 25 Sales Upcoming

For the week ended Saturday February 13th 16 sales were archived to the RBH database.  Turnover was $1,517,690 as 3,250 lots were offered and 2,816 sold for an 87% success rate.

2 auctions saw total sales exceed 100% of the high estimates of all lots offered: 

Potomack CompanyDesign Online Auction - Books, Prints on February 9th: 155.69% 
Potter and Potter Auctions1001 Magic Tricks - Books and Prints on February 6th: 107.34% 

11 sales saw at least 80% of their lots sell: 

Potomack CompanyDesign Online Auction - Books, Prints on February 9th: 100.00% 
National Book AuctionsAntique, West, Mao, Magazines etc. on February 7th: 99.71% 
Heritage AuctionsComics - Internet bidstart 1/31 on February 7th: 99.11% 
Heritage AuctionsMovie Posters - Internet bidstart 1/31 on February 7th: 98.43% 
Heritage AuctionsRare Books - Internet bidstart 2/4 on February 11th: 97.00% 
Potter and Potter Auctions1001 Magic Tricks - Books and Prints on February 6th: 95.87% 
Potomack CompanyLive Auction - Books, Prints on February 6th: 88.37% 
Bruun RasmussenPrints on February 9th: 88.31% 
ArtcurialAutomobilia - Books and Prints on February 6th: 84.31% 
James D Julia AuctioneersWinter Fine Arts, Asian and Antiques Auction - Day 2 on February 4th: 82.35% 
James D Julia AuctioneersFine Art, Asian Art and Antiques - Prints on February 3rd: 80.00% 

16 total sales reported this week: 

Swann GalleriesVintage Posters on February 11th: 58.56% 
Heritage AuctionsRare Books - Internet bidstart 2/4 on February 11th: 97.00% 
National Book AuctionsAntique, West, Mao, Magazines etc. on February 7th: 99.71% 
AuctionataRare Books and Ephemera on February 9th: 43.27% 
BonhamsGentleman's Library Sale on February 10th: 62.00% 
Bruun RasmussenPrints on February 9th: 88.31% 
Bruun RasmussenBooks on February 9th: 75.00% 
Potter and Potter Auctions1001 Magic Tricks - Books and Prints on February 6th: 95.87% 
ArtcurialAutomobilia - Books and Prints on February 6th: 84.31% 
Potomack CompanyDesign Online Auction - Books, Prints on February 9th: 100.00% 
Potomack CompanyLive Auction - Books, Prints on February 6th: 88.37% 
Heritage AuctionsComics - Internet bidstart 1/31 on February 7th: 99.11% 
James D Julia AuctioneersWinter Antiques, Asian & Fine Art Auction - Day 3 on February 5th: 75.00% 
James D Julia AuctioneersWinter Fine Arts, Asian and Antiques Auction - Day 2 on February 4th: 82.35% 
James D Julia AuctioneersFine Art, Asian Art and Antiques - Prints on February 3rd: 80.00% 
Heritage AuctionsMovie Posters - Internet bidstart 1/31 on February 7th: 98.43% 

For the week ahead 25 auctions are scheduled and fully searchable today.

The Top 25 Lots Reported This Past Week.
  1. Bruun Rasmussen Bøger fra Nansensgade Antikvariat: Velordnet antikvariat med over 4500 registrerede bogtitler. on February 9th Actual price: USD $45,200.
  2. Swann Galleries REINE DE JOIE on February 11th Actual price: USD $37,500.
  3. James D Julia Auctioneers FINE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR POWDER HORN AND COMMISSIONS OF ABNER CURTIS, ALONG WITH HIS REVOLUTIONARY WAR COMMISSION on February 4th Actual price: USD $18,960.
  4. Potter and Potter Auctions Kellar. on February 6th Actual price: USD $15,600.
  5. Swann Galleries MODIANO on February 11th Actual price: USD $15,000.
  6. Swann Galleries JOB on February 11th Actual price: USD $15,000.
  7. Auctionata Complete ''Los Caprichos,'' on February 9th Actual price: USD $15,000.
  8. Swann Galleries LAIT PUR STÉRILISÉ on February 11th Actual price: USD $13,750.
  9. Bonhams A CHARLES SMITH & SON 18-INCH TERRESTRIAL LIBRARY GLOBE, on February 10th Actual price: USD $12,688.
  10. Auctionata Portfolio Revue Verve, Vols. I-X, Nos. 1-38 on February 9th Actual price: USD $12,500.
  11. James D Julia Auctioneers "THE LARGE BATHERS" on February 3rd Actual price: USD $10,665.
  12. Swann Galleries NEW YORK / FLY TWA on February 11th Actual price: USD $8,000.
  13. Bruun Rasmussen Die Ehre dess Hertzogthums Crain: J.W. Valvasor: Die Ehre dess Hertzogthums Crain [...]. 2 vols.(2) on February 9th Actual price: USD $7,981.
  14. Swann Galleries THE MUMMY on February 11th Actual price: USD $7,500.
  15. Bonhams A MATCHED PAIR OF 9 INCH CARY'S TERRESTRIAL/CELESTIAL GLOBES ON STANDS, on February 10th Actual price: USD $7,250.
  16. James D Julia Auctioneers CHINESE ALBUM OF STAMPS. on February 5th Actual price: USD $7,110.
  17. Swann Galleries I WANT YOU FOR U.S. ARMY on February 11th Actual price: USD $7,000.
  18. Bonhams A 2 3/4-INCH POCKET GLOBE, ANONYMOUS, AFTER HERMAN MOLL, on February 10th Actual price: USD $6,888.
  19. Swann Galleries LA TRAPPISTINE on February 11th Actual price: USD $6,500.
  20. Swann Galleries [THE SEASONS.] Four decorative panels on silk on February 11th Actual price: USD $6,250.
  21. Swann Galleries NEW YORK / THE UPPER BAY FROM LOWER MANHATTAN on February 11th Actual price: USD $6,250.
  22. James D Julia Auctioneers JOHN HANCOCK SIGNED DOCUMENT PAYING A "NEGRO" ANTHONY VASSELL'S REVOLUTIONARY WAR PENSION on February 4th Actual price: USD $6,221.
  23. Swann Galleries BISCUITS LEFÈVRE - UTILE on February 11th Actual price: USD $6,000.
  24. James D Julia Auctioneers MR. TOFFOLON'S ARCHIVE OF RESEARCH AND ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS PERTAINING TO COL. JEDUTHAN BALDWIN on February 4th Actual price: USD $5,925.
  25. Potter and Potter Auctions Portrait of Eva Kellar, Inscribed and Signed. on February 6th Actual price: USD $5,760.


For the week ahead 25 sales are scheduled:

Mon. Feb. 15th
Australian Book Auctions. Armadale, . Angling Books: the collection of the late John Cummins. 266 lots
Winter Associates. Plainville, CT . February Sale - Prints. 18 lots
Dirk Soulis Auctions. Lee's Summit . Leroy Nieman Prints - Internet bidstart 2/1. 49 lots
Bruun Rasmussen. Copenhagen. Prints. 92 lots

Tue. Feb. 16th
Paige Auction. Portland. Memorabilia, Prints, Collectible. 41 lots
Quagga Rare Books and Art. Stellenbosch. Online Book Auction - Internet bidstart 2/9. 26 lots

Wed. Feb. 17th
Christies. New York. Modern Visions: Exceptional Photographs. 279 lots
Old World Auctions. Glen Allen. Antique Maps, Globes, Charts, Atlases & Vintage Graphics. 833 lots

Thu. Feb. 18th
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Rare Books - Internet bidstart 1/11. 201 lots
Bloomsbury Auctions. London. Books and Works on Paper. 187 lots
Sothebys. Paris. Now! - Prints. 74 lots
RR Auction. Amherst. Fine Autographs and Artifacts - bidstart 2/11. 137 lots
Morton Casa de Subastas. México DF CP 11000. Painting and Graphic Work. 92 lots
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Comics. 1070 lots

Fri. Feb. 19th
Kiefer Buch und Kunstauktionen. 75172 Pforzheim. Books and Prints. 6552 lots
Neal Auction Company. New Orleans. Importand Estates Auction - Day 1 - Prints. 10 lots

Sat. Feb. 20th
Aspire Auctions. Cleveland. Fine Art - Prints - Internet Bidstart 2/12. 11 lots
Clars Auction Gallery. Oakland. Prints. 144 lots
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Entertainment. 602 lots
Neal Auction Company. New Orleans. Important Estates - Books, Prints - Day 2. 38 lots

Sun. Feb. 21st
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Comics - Internet bidstart 2/14.
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Movie Posters - Internet bidstart 2/14.
National Book Auctions. Ithaca. Books. 200 lots
Neal Auction Company. New Orleans. Important Estates - Books, Prints - Day 3. 60 lots
Clars Auction Gallery. Oakland. Prints. 56 lots

Bruce McKinney

RBH and AE

  • <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Voyages and Travel] Churchill's Voyages 1732 - Complete in 6 Volumes.<br>$5,000 - $7,500.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated] Alice by Salvador Dali, Signed and Limited. $3,000 - $5,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature] The Little Prince - Signed/Limited First French Edition, 1943; #61 of 260. $5,000 - $7,500
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature] Gone With The Wind, 1st in DJ, May, 1936. $1,500 - $2,500
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature - Modern Firsts] Rare Henry Miller, Tropic of Cancer, Obelisk Press Paris - 1934. $2,000 - $3,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [[Sporting - Fishing] Rare - Lee Sturges, Salmon Fishing New Brunswick, 1 of 50 Printed - 7 Original Etchings.<br>$4,000 - $6,000
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Voyages and Travel - Maritime] Rare Ledyard Account of Cook's Last Voyage, 1783 Hartford, Howes "d".<br>$10,000 - $15,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated - Maxfield Parrish] Knave of Hearts, Scribner's, 1st Hardback Edition, 1925 Parrish Illustrations.<br>$750 - $1,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Bible - Illustrated - Cartography) Massive Dutch Bible, 1682, Contemporary Colored Maps, Working Brass Clasps. $2,500 - $3,500
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Women Suffrage - Civil Rights - Autographs] A Unique Extra-Illustrated Life of Susan B. Anthony. $15,000 - $20,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [18th Century French Manuscript] Unpublished History of Belle-Isle-En-Mer, 1754 With Watercolor Illustration.<br>$10,000 - $15,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated - Children's - Movable] Wonderful 19th Century Lothar Meggendorfer Moveable Book. $750 - $1,000
  • <b>Sotheby’s London: English Literature, History, Children’s Books and Illustrations, including The Garrett Herman Collection: The Age of Darwin. July 11, 2017</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Austen, Jane. Autograph letter, written in the third person, to her niece Anna Austen (later Lefroy), 1812. £80,000 to 100,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Smith, Adam. <i>An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations</i>. London: Printed for W. Strahan; And T. Cadell, 1776. £50,000 to 70,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Darwin, Charles. <i>On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life</i>. John Murray, 1859. £50,000 to 70,000
    <b>Sotheby’s London: English Literature, History, Children’s Books and Illustrations, including The Garrett Herman Collection: The Age of Darwin. July 11, 2017</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Dickens, Charles. Autograph draft manuscript of "Mrs Gamp with the Strolling Players,” 1847. £40,000 to 60,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Shepard, E.H. Two drawings from <i>Winnie-The-Pooh</i> comprising “Why, what’s the matter?” and “He was taking the balloon out…” £40,000 to 60,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Blake, William. <i>Illustrations of the Book of Job. Invented and Engraved by William Blake. Published as the Act Directs...By William Blake, 8 March 1825</i> [1826]. £20,000 to 30,000
  • <b>Forum Auctions: Online Sale of Cricket Books and Works on Paper. Now through July 5, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Wisden (John). <i>Cricketers' Almanack for 1896</i>, original cloth, 1896. £15,000 to 20,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Wisden (John). <i>The Cricketers' Almanack for the year 1869</i>, excellent copy of the scarce sixth edition, 1869. £10,000 to 15,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Wisden (John). <i>Cricketers' Almanack for 1916</i>, with tribute to W.G. Grace by Lord Harris, original cloth, 1916. £5,000 to 6,000
    <b>Forum Auctions: Online Sale of Cricket Books and Works on Paper. Now through July 5, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Lillywhite (Frederick) and Arthur Haygarth. <i>Cricket Scores and Biographies of Celebrated Cricketers</i>, vol. 1 - 16 [a complete run], 1862-2003. £750 to 1,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Trumper (Victor). Postcard of Victor Trumper, signed by Trumper on image, 1905. £300 to 400
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Crombie (Charles). <i>Laws of Cricket</i>, 1907; and 29 others. £150 to 200
  • <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Exodus 10:10 to 16:15. Complete Biblical scroll sheet in Hebrew, a Torah scroll panel. Middle East, ca. 10th or 11th century.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Copernicus Refuted. (Astronomy.). Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité, Lyon. 1660s.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Israel’s War of Independence and the Early Days of the IDF. 58 photographs presented to Israel Ber, IDF officer and later convicted spy.
    <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Early Unpublished Darwin letter on the races of man. Autograph Letter Signed [to Henry Denny]. Down, Kent, June 1, [1844].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Classic Image of American Slavery. Kimball, M. H. <i>Emancipated Slaves</i>. New York: George Hanks, 1863.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> (Underground Railroad.) Scaggs, Isaac. Important Runaway Slave Poster: $500 Reward Ran away, or decoyed from the subscriber…