Auction Update Review

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Illustrated Art Auction.
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63 Sales Archived, 7 Upcoming

 For the week ended Saturday 19 December 63 sales were archived to the RBH database; 23 denominated in euros, 6 in British pounds, 1 in Mexican pesos, and 33 in US dollars.  Turnover was a stellar $48,465,294 as 17,715 lots were offered and 13,575 sold for a 76% success rate.  This is an extraordinary report.

11 auctions saw their total proceeds reach a million dollars: 

Pierre Berge and AssociesLibrary of Pierre Berge on December 11th: $13,017,168 
SothebysRobert Frank: The Americans The Ruth and Jake Bloom Collection on December 17th: $3,739,375 
Swann GalleriesAfrican American Fine Art - Prints on December 15th: $3,136,382 
ChristiesMaurice Burrus (1882-1959): The Library of a Man of Taste on December 15th: $2,692,791 
SothebysEnglish Literature, History, Children's Books & Illustrations on December 15th: $2,464,238 
SothebysFine Books and Manuscripts, Including Americana on December 14th: $2,313,375 
Profiles in HistoryDocDave Winiewicz Collection Featuring the Works of Master Frank Frazetta on December 11th: $2,166,972 
Ketterer Kunst DoerlingRare Books on November 24th: $1,860,337 
Heritage AuctionsAnimation Art on December 15th: $1,662,902 
SothebysBooks and Manuscripts on December 17th: $1,571,658 
Kedem AuctionRare and Important Items on December 2nd: $1,309,950 

25 auctions saw total sales exceed 100% of the high estimates of all lots offered in the sale: 

ChristiesMRS THATCHER - PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE BARONESS THATCHER OF KESTEVE on December 15th: 849.52% 
Carlsen GalleryDecember Antiques Auction - Prints on December 6th: 176.88% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day2 on December 8th: 169.13% 
Profiles in HistoryDocDave Winiewicz Collection Featuring the Works of Master Frank Frazetta on December 11th: 165.17% 
Aspire AuctionsDecember Online Auction - Prints Internet bidstart 12/4 on December 12th: 163.55% 
Robert Siegel GalleriesPostal History on December 10th: 155.32% 
Ketterer Kunst DoerlingModern Art - Prints on December 5th: 148.48% 
AderLetters and Autograph Manuscripts - Regarding the Josephine Baker Collection on November 26th: 148.02% 
ChristiesMaurice Burrus (1882-1959): The Library of a Man of Taste on December 15th: 147.23% 
Heritage AuctionsCivil War and Militaria on December 12th: 142.64% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day1 on December 7th: 140.40% 
Keys Fine Arts AuctioneersSelected Quality Pictures - Prints on December 11th: 138.84% 
SothebysBooks and Manuscripts on December 17th: 130.42% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day3 on December 9th: 124.87% 
Kedem AuctionRare and Important Items on December 2nd: 117.74% 
Waverly AuctionsRare Books on December 3rd: 116.35% 
Dominic Winter Book AuctionsPrinted Books, Maps and Documents: Science, Medicine and Cookery on December 16th: 108.75% 
ALDEBinders, Original, Modern, Illustrated on December 14th: 108.58% 
Stockholms AuktionsverkRare Books, Maps and Manuscripts on December 15th: 107.90% 
Swann GalleriesAfrican American Fine Art - Prints on December 15th: 107.73% 
SothebysEnglish Literature, History, Children's Books & Illustrations on December 15th: 107.36% 
Dirk Soulis AuctionsFine Art, Traditional Antiques and Contemporary Western Art - Prints, Maps on December 12th: 103.77% 
Dominic Winter Book AuctionsChildren's and Illustrated Books on December 17th: 103.63% 
Ketterer Kunst DoerlingContemporary Art - Prints on December 5th: 101.42% 
Bruun RasmussenModern and Contemporary Prints on December 15th: 101.04% 


30 sales saw at least 80% of their lots sell: 

ChristiesMRS THATCHER - PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE BARONESS THATCHER OF KESTEVE on December 15th: 100.00% 
Aspire AuctionsDecember Online Auction - Prints Internet bidstart 12/4 on December 12th: 100.00% 
Dirk Soulis AuctionsFine Art, Traditional Antiques and Contemporary Western Art - Prints, Maps on December 12th: 100.00% 
Carlsen GalleryDecember Antiques Auction - Prints on December 6th: 100.00% 
Heritage AuctionsComics - Internet bidstart 12/6 on December 13th: 99.52% 
Heritage AuctionsAnimation Art on December 15th: 99.33% 
Heritage AuctionsRare Books - Internet bidstart 12/10 on December 17th: 98.73% 
Alaska AuctionDecember 11th Auction on December 11th: 98.11% 
Heritage AuctionsMovie Posters - Internet bidstart 12/6 on December 13th: 97.92% 
Profiles in HistoryDocDave Winiewicz Collection Featuring the Works of Master Frank Frazetta on December 11th: 94.57% 
Heritage AuctionsCivil War and Militaria on December 12th: 93.36% 
Waverly AuctionsRare Books on December 3rd: 92.62% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day1 on December 7th: 92.05% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day2 on December 8th: 91.99% 
Grogan and CompanyDecember Auction on December 6th: 90.91% 
Michaans AuctionsEstate Auction on December 12th: 90.00% 
SothebysRobert Frank: The Americans The Ruth and Jake Bloom Collection on December 17th: 89.61% 
Clars Auction GalleryPrints on December 12th: 89.22% 
ChristiesMaurice Burrus (1882-1959): The Library of a Man of Taste on December 15th: 86.90% 
Dominic Winter Book AuctionsPrinted Books, Maps and Documents: Science, Medicine and Cookery on December 16th: 86.72% 
Cowans AuctionsThe Golden Age of Travel - Internet bidstart 12/3 on December 14th: 86.36% 
Kedem AuctionRare and Important Items on December 2nd: 85.84% 
Bloomsbury AuctionsThe Bibliophile Sale: Books and Works on Paper on December 17th: 85.41% 
Winter AssociatesDecember Sale - Prints, Books, Ephemera on December 7th: 85.29% 
Bruun RasmussenModern and Contemporary Prints on December 15th: 85.07% 
SothebysBooks and Manuscripts on December 17th: 84.85% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day3 on December 9th: 84.15% 
Dominic Winter Book AuctionsChildren's and Illustrated Books on December 17th: 83.33% 
Ketterer Kunst DoerlingModern Art - Prints on December 5th: 80.95% 
Swann GalleriesAfrican American Fine Art - Prints on December 15th: 80.00% 


63 total sales reported this week: 

Ketterer Kunst DoerlingRare Books on November 24th: 64.06% 
Ketterer Kunst DoerlingModern Art - Prints on December 5th: 80.95% 
Ketterer Kunst DoerlingContemporary Art - Prints on December 5th: 64.29% 
Profiles in HistoryDocDave Winiewicz Collection Featuring the Works of Master Frank Frazetta on December 11th: 94.57% 
ALDELetters and Handwritten Autographs on December 16th: 56.23% 
SothebysRobert Frank: The Americans The Ruth and Jake Bloom Collection on December 17th: 89.61% 
Dominic Winter Book AuctionsChildren's and Illustrated Books on December 17th: 83.33% 
PBA GalleriesRare Americana with Manuscript Material on December 17th: 76.40% 
Bloomsbury AuctionsThe Bibliophile Sale: Books and Works on Paper on December 17th: 85.41% 
ALDEBinders, Original, Modern, Illustrated on December 14th: 67.15% 
Minerva Auctions RomaAn Important International Prints Collection on December 10th: 46.34% 
Dirk Soulis AuctionsFine Art, Traditional Antiques and Contemporary Western Art - Prints, Maps on December 12th: 100.00% 
Leslie Hindman AuctioneersFine Prints on December 15th: 63.82% 
Alaska AuctionDecember 11th Auction on December 11th: 98.11% 
Heritage AuctionsAnimation Art on December 15th: 99.33% 
Heritage AuctionsRare Books - Internet bidstart 12/10 on December 17th: 98.73% 
Dominic Winter Book AuctionsPrinted Books, Maps and Documents: Science, Medicine and Cookery on December 16th: 86.72% 
Cowans AuctionsThe Golden Age of Travel - Internet bidstart 12/3 on December 14th: 86.36% 
Bruun RasmussenPhotographs on December 15th: 66.95% 
Bruun RasmussenModern and Contemporary Prints on December 15th: 85.07% 
Bruun RasmussenOld Master Prints on December 14th: 66.67% 
Waverly AuctionsRare Books on December 3rd: 92.62% 
AderModern Prints - Henri M. Petiet Collection on December 10th: 67.38% 
AderLetters and Autograph Manuscripts - Regarding the Josephine Baker Collection on November 26th: 78.15% 
Pierre Berge and AssociesEdition on December 15th: 38.35% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day3 on December 9th: 84.15% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day2 on December 8th: 91.99% 
Profiles in HistoryMorris Everett, Jr. The Auction Part II - Day1 on December 7th: 92.05% 
Profiles in HistoryAnimation and Disneyana on December 10th: 47.95% 
Aspire AuctionsDecember Online Auction - Prints Internet bidstart 12/4 on December 12th: 100.00% 
Pierre Berge and AssociesLibrary of Pierre Berge on December 11th: 78.72% 
Hauswedell and NolteContemporary Art - Prints on December 12th: 59.26% 
Hauswedell and NolteModern Art - Part 2 - Prints on December 11th: 64.40% 
Hauswedell and NolteModern Art, Part 1- Prints on December 11th: 54.55% 
Cowans AuctionsWorks on Paper - Prints on December 11th: 63.33% 
Keys Fine Arts AuctioneersSelected Quality Pictures - Prints on December 11th: 35.90% 
Morton Casa de SubastasAuction Year of Graphic Art and Paintings on December 10th: 41.03% 
Binoche et GiquelloScience Books on December 9th: 38.17% 
Grays AuctioneersJewelry, Fine Art and Antiques - Books and Prints on December 9th: 44.44% 
Goldberg Coins and CollectiblesCoins, Manuscripts and Space Memorabilia on December 6th: 74.17% 
Grogan and CompanyDecember Auction on December 6th: 90.91% 
Winter AssociatesDecember Sale - Prints, Books, Ephemera on December 7th: 85.29% 
Stockholms AuktionsverkRare Books, Maps and Manuscripts on December 15th: 76.23% 
RR AuctionFine Autographs & Artifacts - Internet bidstart 11/20 on December 9th: 60.06% 
Swann GalleriesAfrican American Fine Art - Prints on December 15th: 80.00% 
ChristiesMaurice Burrus (1882-1959): The Library of a Man of Taste on December 15th: 86.90% 
SothebysBooks and Manuscripts on December 17th: 84.85% 
SothebysEnglish Literature, History, Children's Books & Illustrations on December 15th: 68.25% 
SothebysFine Books and Manuscripts, Including Americana on December 14th: 46.30% 
ChristiesMRS THATCHER - PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE BARONESS THATCHER OF KESTEVE on December 15th: 100.00% 
Carlsen GalleryDecember Antiques Auction - Prints on December 6th: 100.00% 
Bloomsbury Philobiblon1500 Sixteenth Century Books on December 2nd: 70.26% 
Robert Siegel GalleriesPostal History on December 10th: 78.47% 
Kedem AuctionRare and Important Items on December 2nd: 85.84% 
AuctionataEditions .. For You or Someone Special - Prints on December 11th: 31.97% 
AuctionataAmerican and European Fine Art - Prints on December 10th: 23.53% 
Auctionata100 Masterworks - Prints on December 7th: 6.25% 
Clars Auction GalleryPrints on December 13th: 73.49% 
Clars Auction GalleryPrints on December 12th: 89.22% 
Michaans AuctionsEstate Auction on December 12th: 90.00% 
Heritage AuctionsMovie Posters - Internet bidstart 12/6 on December 13th: 97.92% 
Heritage AuctionsComics - Internet bidstart 12/6 on December 13th: 99.52% 
Heritage AuctionsCivil War and Militaria on December 12th: 93.36% 

The Top 25 Lots Reported This Past Week.
  1. Sothebys TYPED LETTER SIGNED, IN CHINESE CHARACTERS, ALSO SIGNED BY ZHU DE, TO CLEMENT ATTLEE on December 15th Actual price: USD $907,500.
  2. Sothebys AVES AD VIVUM DEPICTAE A PETRO HOLYSTEN CELEBERRIMO PICTURE. on December 14th Actual price: USD $850,000.
  3. Pierre Berge and Associes [L'Éducation sentimentale. Résumés et plans. on December 11th Actual price: USD $640,615.
  4. Pierre Berge and Associes Euvres de Louïze Labé Lionnoize. on December 11th Actual price: USD $586,289.
  5. Pierre Berge and Associes [Ruines gothiques]. on December 11th Actual price: USD $545,545.
  6. Pierre Berge and Associes Madame Bovary. Moeurs de province. on December 11th Actual price: USD $502,085.
  7. Pierre Berge and Associes L'Air de l'eau. on December 11th Actual price: USD $464,057.
  8. Sothebys POBLACHT NA H EIREANN. THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF THE IRISH REPUBLIC TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND. [DUBLIN: CHRISTOPHER BRADY, MICHAEL MOLLOY AND LIAM O'BRIEN, 23 APRIL, 1916] on December 15th Actual price: USD $457,500.
  9. Pierre Berge and Associes [Les Journées de Florbelle]. Dernières analises et dernière observation sur ce grand ouvrage. on December 11th Actual price: USD $436,894.
  10. Sothebys A HIGHLY IMPORTANT ARCHIVE OF A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE, INCLUDING THE FIRST WORKING DRAFT OF THE STAGE PLAY, A DRAFT OF THE SCREENPLAY, CORRESPONDENCE, AND OTHER ANCILLARY MATERIAL. on December 14th Actual price: USD $406,000.
  11. Pierre Berge and Associes STAEL, Germaine Necker, baronne de.Considérations sur les principaux événemens de la Révolution françoise, ouvrage posthume, publié par M. le duc de Broglie et M. le baron de Staël. on December 11th Actual price: USD $382,568.
  12. Pierre Berge and Associes [Confessiones]. on December 11th Actual price: USD $355,405.
  13. Pierre Berge and Associes Les Poésies. on December 11th Actual price: USD $328,243.
  14. Pierre Berge and Associes Les Fleurs du Mal. on December 11th Actual price: USD $307,871.
  15. Sothebys ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION, OR THE PRESERVATION OF FAVOURED RACES IN THE STRUGGLE FOR LIFE. on December 14th Actual price: USD $298,000.
  16. Pierre Berge and Associes Tiers livre des faictz et dictz heroiques du noble Pantagruel, composez par M. on December 11th Actual price: USD $287,498.
  17. Hauswedell and Nolte KLEINE WELTEN. ZWÖLF BLATT ORIGINALGRAPHIK on December 11th Actual price: USD $281,220.
  18. Pierre Berge and Associes Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies. on December 11th Actual price: USD $273,917.
  19. Pierre Berge and Associes Opera [en grec]. on December 11th Actual price: USD $267,126.
  20. Pierre Berge and Associes [La Comedia, avec le commentaire de Cristoforo Landino]. on December 11th Actual price: USD $260,336.
  21. Pierre Berge and Associes La Prose du Transsibérien et de la Petite Jehanne de France. Couleurs simultanées deMme Delaunay-Terk. on December 11th Actual price: USD $253,545.
  22. Sothebys 'NEW ORLEANS' (TROLLEY) on December 17th Actual price: USD $237,500.
  23. Sothebys 'HOBOKEN' (PARADE) on December 17th Actual price: USD $237,500.
  24. Pierre Berge and Associes Fables choisies, mises en vers. on December 11th Actual price: USD $233,173.
  25. Pierre Berge and Associes El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha. on December 11th Actual price: USD $233,173.


For the week ahead 7 sales are scheduled: 


Tue. Dec. 22nd 
Sothebys. New York. Important Judaica. 79 lots 
Sothebys. New York. The Valmadonna Trust Library: Part I Magnificent Manuscripts and the Bomberg Talmud. 12 lots 
Dirk Soulis Auctions. Lee's Summit . Jesse Barnes Lithographs Online Auction - bidstart 12/12. 24 lots 

Wed. Dec. 23rd 
Soler Y Llach. Barcelona. PHILATELIC LIBRARY AND POSTAL HISTORY.

Thu. Dec. 24th 
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Rare Books - Internet bidstart 12/17. 229 lots 

Sun. Dec. 27th 
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Comics - Internet bidstart 12/20
Heritage Auctions. Dallas. Movie Posters - Internet bidstart 12/20

And now, for a few weeks, the auction houses will slow down for a well-needed rest.  The number of sales upcoming is 7, each looking to benefit from the robust audience that expects appealing material every week, even in the weeks that have traditionally been quiet.  Truth be told, collectors, institutions and dealers buy every day.

 

Best wishes for the holidays,

 

Bruce McKinney

RBH and AE

 

  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Caius Julius Hyginus, <i>Poeticon Astronomicon,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1482. $15,000 to $20,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Giovanni Botero, <i>Le Relationi Universali... divise in Sette Parti</i>, Venice, 1618. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> <i>L'Escole des Filles</i>, likely third edition of the first work of pornographic fiction in French, 1676. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Illuminated Book of Hours in Latin on vellum, Flanders, early 16th century. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes Regiomontanus, <i>Calendarium,</i> Venice, 1485. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Pedro de Medina, <i>Libro d[e] gra[n]dezas y cosas memorables de España,</i> Alcalá de Henares, 1566. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b><br>Luis de Lucena, <i>Arte de Ajedres,</i> Salamanca, circa 1496-97. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Andrés Serrano, <i>Los Siete Principes de los Ángeles, válidos de Rey del Cielo,</i> Spain, 1707. $800 to $1,200.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes de Sacrobosco, <i>Sphaera mundi,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1478. $15,000 to $20,000.
  • <b>Bonhams: Fine Books and Manuscripts. March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> BEETHOVEN, LUDWIG VAN. Autograph Manuscript sketch-leaf part of the score of the Scottish Songs, "Sunset" Op. 108 no 2. [Vienna, February 1818]. Inscribed by Alexander Wheelock Thayer. $80,000 to $120,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> Violin belonging to Albert Einstein, presented to him by Oscar H. Steger, 1933. $100,000 to $150,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> EINSTEIN, ALBERT. Autograph Letter Signed ("Papa") to his son Hans Albert, discussing his involvement with the atomic bomb, September 2, 1945. $100,000 to $150,000
    <b>Bonhams: Fine Books and Manuscripts. March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> HAMILTON, ALEXANDER. Autograph Letter Signed, to Baron von Steuben, with extensive notes of Von Steuben's aide Benjamin Walker, June 12, 1780. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> NEWTON, ISAAC. Autograph Manuscript in Latin, being detailed instructions on making the philosopher's stone. 8 pp. 1790s. $200,000 to 300,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> 1869 Inauguration Bible of President Ulysses S. Grant. $80,000 to $120,000
  • <b>Leland Little: Important Spring Auction. March 3, 2018</b>
    <b>Leland Little, Mar. 3:</b> Copper Printing Plate for "Marshall's Household Engraving of Washington." $500 to $1000
    <b>Leland Little, Mar. 3:</b> Important Documentary Painting Showing Baseball Great Ty Cobb in Cuba. $1,000 to $2,000
    <b>Leland Little, Mar. 3:</b> <i>Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age</i>, Inscribed by Bill Wilson. $500 to $1,000
    <b>Leland Little: Important Spring Auction. March 3, 2018</b>
    <b>Leland Little, Mar. 3:</b> Joan Miró (Spanish, 1893-1983), <i>Prise à l'hameçon.</i> $3,000 to $6,000
    <b>Leland Little, Mar. 3:</b> Maurice Dufrène (French, 1876-1955), <i>Rayon des Soieries</i>. $400 to $800
    <b>Leland Little, Mar. 3:</b> William Pope.L (American, b. 1955), <i>Intimacy Project</i>. $2,000 to $4,000
  • <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Collection of 131 Herbert Ponting gelatin silver contact prints of Antartica, £6000-8000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> One of several lots of Henri Cartier-Bresson gelatin silver prints, £200-300
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Vintage gelatin silver print of Diego Rivera by Leonard McCombe, £300-500
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print portrait by Julia Margaret Cameron of Sir John Herschel (April, 1867), £30,000-50,000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print by Julia Margaret Cameron, Love, 1864 (from the Norman album), £1000-1500
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print by Lewis Carroll of Twyford School Eleven (Summer Term, 1859), £1000-1500
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print portrait by Lewis Carroll of Xie Kitchin as 'Dane' (Oxford, 1873), £500-800
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Calotype print (c1845) by Hill & Adamson of Lady Elizabeth (Rigby) Eastlake, £3000-4000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Group of 12 waxed paper negatives of Scottish scenes by Thomas Keith, mid-1850s, £3000-5000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> One of 15 lots of Roger Fenton salt prints of his work in the Crimea, mid-1850s, £400-600
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Quarter plate ambrotype (c.1860s) with ethnographic portrait of a woman seated at a table, £400-600
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Rare whole plate thermoplastic union case of the Landing of Columbus (c.1858),part of the John Hannavy collection, £1500-2000
  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>