Rare Book Monthly

Articles - February - 2010 Issue

British Lighthouse Board Sells Collection of Early Voyage Books

Northern lighthouse

One of the Northern Lighthouses, from their website.


By Michael Stillman

Much of a distinguished institutional book collection, hundreds of years in the making, went up for sale in January, with the results much better than anticipated. There's always some sadness when an institution is forced to dispose of a book collection for economic reasons, but this is part of the inevitable maturation and rebirth process. Collections may die, but the books go on, becoming part of new and different collections.

This library was held by an unlikely collector, the Northern Lighthouse Board. The Northern Lighthouse Board is in the business its name suggests, maintaining lighthouses and other navigational aides such as buoys along the northern coast of Great Britain. It is responsible for protecting navigation along the coasts of Scotland and the Isle of Man. According to their website, this covers 6,214 miles of coastline and most manned offshore oil platforms, over half of the UK's coast. The Board was formed in 1786, during the reign of George III, as the Commissioners of Northern Light Houses. The Board is financed through dues paid by commercial ships calling at British ports and by larger fishing vessels. At one time, there were light keepers in each of the towers, but the system became fully automated in 1998.

Along the way, the Commissioners acquired a library including many notable books, particularly up through the middle of the 19th century. You might not expect an obscure agency devoted to lighthouses to have such a collection, but their library held works from many of the most important voyagers, including Cook, Anson, La Perouse, Flinders, Vancouver, d'Entrecasteaux, Ross, Franklin, Parry and Barrow. These are wonderful books, but not of much practical use for the lighthouse authority in the 21st century. Meanwhile, the maintenance of the collection was eating up funds the Board no longer felt it could afford. The result was a decision to transfer its library to a trust that could determine which books related specifically to the Board's mission and history and should be kept, and which books, though interesting and valuable, were not a part of the lighthouse heritage. That trust, the Northern Lighthouse Heritage Trust, reached its decisions, and put the books it deemed not essential up for sale. That sale was concluded at Lyon and Turnbull's auction house in Edinburgh (home of the Northern Lighthouse Board) on January 13.

The sale proved to be a great success, at least by the Trust's expectations. They figured the sale would bring in around £200,000. Lyon and Turnbull put a low to high estimate range of £188,300 - £277,550 on the sale. When the final lot was hammered down, the sale had taken in £435,950 (approximately $712,000 in U.S. dollars), even with 11.5% of the items remaining unsold.

The top item in the sale was Peron and Freycinet's Louis Voyages de decouvertes aux terres australes... an account of the Baudin expedition to Australia by two of the participants, an 1815 first edition with the atlas. It sold for £40,000 (US $64,000), double the estimate. It was followed by a first edition of Vancouver's A Voyage of Discovery... (£23,750 or $38,000); Matthew Flinders' A Voyage to Terra Australis... (£17,500 or $28,000); La Perouse's Voyage de La Perouse autour du monde... (£15,000 or $24,000); Bougainville's Voyage autour du monde... (£13,750 or $22,000); and a second edition of Cook's first voyage, John Hawkesworth's An account of the voyages... (£12,500 or $20,000). Each of these books was published in either the late 18th or early 19th century.

While these books will no longer be a part of the library of this venerable institution, each does contain the gilt stamp of the Northern Lighthouse Board, a reminder of the provenance of their first 200 years.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> E.H. SHEPARD, Original drawing for A.A. Milne’s The House at Pooh Corner.<br>$40,000-60,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> BERNARD RATZER, Plan of the City of New York in North America, surveyed in the years 1766 & 1767. $80,000-100,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> THOMAS JEFFERSON, Autograph letter signed comparing Logan, Tecumseh, and Little Turtle to the Spartans. Monticello: 15 February 1821. $14,000-18,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> JOHN C. FREMONT, Narrative of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, in the Year 1842.. Abridged edition, the only one containing the folding map From the Sporting Library of Arnold “Jake” Johnson. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> ZANE GREY, Album containing 94 large format photographs of Grey and party at Catalina Island, Arizona, and fishing in the Pacific. From the Sporting Library of Arnold “Jake” Johnson. $5,000-$8,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> WILLIAM COMBE, A History of Madeira ... illustrative of the Costumes, Manners, and Occupations of the Inhabitants. produced by Ackermann in 1821; From the Sporting Library of Jake Johnson. $2,000-$3,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> ERIC TAVERNER, Salmon Fishing... One of 275 copies signed by Taverner, published in 1931,From the Sporting Library of Jake Johnson. $2,000-$3,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> JOHN WHITEHEAD, Exploration of Mount Kina Balu, North Borneo. Whitehead reached the high point of Kinabalu in 1888. Part of a major group of travel books from the Sporting Library of Jake Johnson. $2,000-$3,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> JOHN LONG, Voyages and Travels of an Indian Interpreter and Trader, describing the Manners and Customs of the North American Indians... The first edition of 1791. $3,000-$5,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> SAMUEL BECKETT, Stirrings Still. This, Beckett’s last work of fiction with original lithographs by Le Brocquy, limited to 200 copies signed by the author and the artist. From the Estate of Howard Kaminsky.. $1,500-$2,500
  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann, wallpaper sample book, circa 1919. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Archive from a late office of the Breuer & Smith architectural team, New York, 1960-70s. $3,500 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> William Morris, <i>The Story of the Glittering Plain or the Land of Living Men,</i> illustrated by Walter Crane, Kelmscott Press, Hammersmith, 1894. $2,500 to $3,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Gustave Doré, <i>La Sainte Bible selon la Vulgate,</i> Tours, 1866. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Gustav Klimt & Max Eisler, <i>Eine Nachlese,</i> complete set, Vienna, 1931. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b><br>Eric Allatini & Gerda Wegener, <i>Sur Talons Rouges,</i> with original watercolor by Wegener, Paris, 1929. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b><br>C.P. Cavafy, <i>Fourteen Poems,</i> illustrated & signed by David Hockney, London, 1966. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Jean Midolle, <i>Spécimen des Écritures Modernes...</i>, Strasbourg, 1834-35. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b><br>E.A. Seguy, <i>Floréal: Dessins & Coloris Nouveaux,</i> Paris, 1925. $3,000 to $4,000.
  • <b>Bonhams: Results from Fine Books and Manuscripts on March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> BEETHOVEN, LUDWIG VAN. Autograph Manuscript sketch-leaf part of the score of the Scottish Songs, "Sunset" Op. 108 no 2. [Vienna, February 1818]. Inscribed by Alexander Wheelock Thayer. SOLD for $131,250
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> Violin belonging to Albert Einstein, presented to him by Oscar H. Steger, 1933. SOLD for $516,500
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> EINSTEIN, ALBERT. Autograph Letter Signed ("Papa") to his son Hans Albert, discussing his involvement with the atomic bomb, September 2, 1945. SOLD for $106,250
    <b>Bonhams: Results from Fine Books and Manuscripts on March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> HAMILTON, ALEXANDER. Autograph Letter Signed, to Baron von Steuben, with extensive notes of Von Steuben's aide Benjamin Walker, June 12, 1780. SOLD for $16,250
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> NEWTON, ISAAC. Autograph Manuscript in Latin, being detailed instructions on making the philosopher's stone. 8 pp. 1790s. SOLD for $275,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> 1869 Inauguration Bible of President Ulysses S. Grant. SOLD for $118,750

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