Rare Book Monthly

Articles - October - 2012 Issue

An Almost Perfect Crime: Rochefort vs. Du Tertre

Ae-10-rochefort (1)

Some old books are mysterious. Trying to unfold their stories is like solving a cold case, sometimes. In the case of Mr. de Rochefort, I’ve been holding a suspect on my bookshelf for a few years, collecting evidence after evidence in the dark alleys of forgotten libraries. Name of the suspect : Histoire Naturelle & Morale des Iles Antilles de l’Amérique. The mastermind behind it : anonymous, of course. But identified, in the same crime committed 4 years later in the Netherlands, as Charles de Rochefort (though one time wrongfully thought to be Césaire de Rochefort, a French contemporary jurist), an alleged protestant minister. Date and place of birth : 1658, in Rotterdam, at Arnoult Leers’, a so-called “Merchant Libraire.” Quite a small fellow, roughly the height of a small quarto volume, thick enough and of very pale complexion – being bound in full period vellum. Let’s add, for whatever purpose, that he smells very, very good. He is also quite eloquent, he expresses himself in a poetic style and can be very convincing – bear in mind that he intended to convey his guilty enthusiasm to his fellow protestants, so they would gladly migrate to the West-Indies. If you happen to open it, he will tell you stories of wonderful lands, gorgeous fruit trees, splendid animals, plants and herbs. He even added a lot of engravings to the offence. The result is breathtaking : tree leaves as if carved by an Art Déco expert, plants as if dedicated to embellish an emperor’s jacket and pine-apples simply “smelling” sugar. Another smell follows him, though – he smacks of heresy. Little is known of this criminal, but it all tends to describe him as a petty thief. In the forewords of his general history of the West-Indies, the French author Du Tertre, simply accuses Mr. De Rochefort of plagiarism ! I knew at first sight the rascal was too good looking to be honest.

Mr. De Rochefort did not leave his fingerprints on the first edition of 1658, nor on the second one of 1665 – both came out anonymously. His identity was not revealed before the Dutch translation of his work, in 1662. It then appeared in the in-12° French edition of 1666. His book came under harsh criticism before it was even printed. Indeed, the previous year, Jean-Baptiste Du Tertre who had traveled to the West-Indies as an apostolic missionary, put out his own Histoire Générale des Isles de St. Christophe, de la Guadeloupe... (À Paris, chez Jacques Langlois)*. In the forewords, the author apologizes for putting it out in a rush : “I was recently told that someone who had stolen my manuscript was about to publish it under another name.” This “someone” is our man, Charles de Rochefort. Du Tertre probably knew his name (he must have learnt it from the printers who informed him of his rival’s project) but refused to call it. Rochefort was linked to the West-Indies, where he had been the minister, or pastor, of the first tyrant of the island of Tortuga (La Tortue), off Hispanola (Hayti). The place was to become the most notorious hangout of the bucaniers of America alongside Port Royal, in Jamaica. Le Vasseur the villain took possession of this island under the commission of the French Governor de Poincy in the year 1640. “He went there with 40 protestants”, writes the bucanier Esquemeling in his History of the Bucaniers - Rochefort was probably one of them. Having recovered Tortuga from the English, Le Vasseur erected the Fort de la Roche (of the Roc) on a very strong position and defeated the Spaniards a few weeks after, gaining the support of the French colonists. “This changed his mood, writes Esquemeling. From kind as he first appeared, he became strict; he started to mistreat the inhabitants, insisting that they should pay more taxes than they could; he had them chastised for the slightest mistake ; he went as far as forbidding them to practice the Catholic religion.” According to Du Tertre, who became much more precise in the next edition of his work, Le Vasseur “did not even spare Mr. de Rochefort, his minister, whom he prevented from conducting any religious office.” Rochefort does not say a word about himself in his book, but he left a few hints that tend to indicate he was involved in the “Tortuga case”. Le Vasseur the wicked did not reign long and was soon stabbed to death by one of his rogue creatures. We have no clue of what Rochefort became afterwards, but he sure was in Holland 20 years later. 

* It has become even harder to find than the later 3 volumes edition : it popped up in an auction sale, a few years ago, with the golden armories of the Jesuites on each board, and went for some 6 or 7,000 euros

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Chiswick Auctions: Summer Books. August 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Adams (Richard). <i>Watership Down,</i> FIRST EDITION, author inscription on front free end paper, folded map tipped in, original boards, dust-jacket. £800 to £1,200
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Bowles (John). <i>Several Prospects of the Most…la Ville de Londres, avec des Remarques Historiques fort Succinctes, qui les Regardant,</i> 20 double page engraved plates only, of 23, 1724. £200 to £300
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Auden (W.H.). <i>Our Hunting Fathers,</i> FIRST SEPARATE EDITION, 1 of 22 copies, COPY B OF 5 PRINTED ON NORMANDIE, original patterned wrappers, Cambridge, for Frederic Prokosch, 1935. £800 to £1200
    <b>Chiswick Auctions: Summer Books. August 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Barrie (J. M.) & Attwell (Mabel Lucie, illustrator). <i>Peter Pan & Wendy,</i> FIRST EDITION, 12 chromolithograph plates, publisher's blue cloth, original printed dust jacket, [c.1920]; and 3 others (4). £200 to £300
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Bartolozzi (Francesco). Genius Calling Forth the Fine Arts to Adorn Manufactures and Commerce; Agriculture (Husbandry Aided by Arts and Commerce), glazed and framed. £200 to £300
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> A collection of engraved caricatures, including Gillray ([James]) Tales of Wonder!, 1802; Rowlandson (Thomas) Sports, Smock Racing, 1811;Irish Jaunting Carr, 1814. £400 to £600
    <b>Chiswick Auctions: Summer Books. August 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Bennett (Charles H, illustrator). <i>Æsop’s Fables,</i> 1875; Buchanan (Robert). <i>Ballad Stories of the Affections,</i> [1866]; Douce (Francis), The Dance of Death, 1833. £200 to £300
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Chinese Illustrations. A group of 6 Cantonese rice paper illustrations, depicting scenes of torture with different instruments, gouache, c.340 x 220mm, original wrapper boards preserved, [c. 1800]. £200 to £300
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Dulac (Edmund). <i>The Queen of Romania, The Dreamer of Dreams,</i> 5 coloured plates, [1915]; and others illustrated by Edmund Dulac. £300 to £400
    <b>Chiswick Auctions: Summer Books. August 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Fronth (Per). Xingu Chronicles, the portfolio, comprising 30 plates, photogravues in colours, each signed, dated and titled in pencil, each numbered 10/35, on wove paper, 790 x 600 x 60mm, 1997. £300 to £400
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> Pasternak (Boris). <i>Doctor Zhivago,</i> FIRST ENGLISH EDITION, original red publisher’s cloth, pictorial dust jacket, 4to, Collins & Harvill Press, 1958. £200 to £300
    <b>Chiswick Auctions, Aug. 22:</b> 13 sepia photographs of visitors to the Thermes Nationaux d’Aix-les-Bains, c. 150 x 105mm, c.1890 (12). £300 to £400
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Luis de Lucena, <i>Arte de Ajedres,</i> first edition of the earliest extant manual on modern chess, Salamanca, circa 1496-97. Sold for $68,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Carte-de-visite album with 83 images of prominent African Americans & abolitionists, circa 1860s. Sold for $47,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Gustav Klimt, <i>Das Werk,</i> Vienna & Leipzig, 1918. Sold for $106,250.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Man Ray, <i>[London Transport] – Keeps London Going,</i> 1938. Sold for $149,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Thomas Jefferson, Letter Signed, to Major-General Nathanael Greene, promising reinforcements against Cornwallis, 1781. Sold for $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Nicolas de Fer, <i>L’Amerique Divisee Selon Letendue de ses Principales Parties,</i> Paris, 1713. Sold for $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Russell H. Tandy, <i>The Secret in the Old Attic,</i> watercolor, pencil & ink, 1944. Sold for $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Ernest Hemingway, <i>Three Stories & Ten Poems,</i> first edition of the author's first book, Paris, 1923. Sold for $23,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Walker Evans, <i>River Rouge Plant,</i> silver print, 1947. Sold for $57,500.
  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>
  • <b>Bonhams: September 25, New York</b>
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Ernst, Max. <i>Mr. Knife and Miss Fork</i>. Paris, 1932. DELUXE EDITION. Sold for $15,625
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Cage, John. Autograph musical leaf from his Concert for Piano and Orchestra, NY, 1958. Sold for $18,750
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Cage, John. Autograph musical leaf from his Concert for Piano and Orchestra, NY, 1958. Sold for $18,750
    <b>Bonhams: September 25, New York</b>
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Einstein, Albert. Signed Passport Photo for his US citizenship application. Bermuda, 1935. Sold for $17,500
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Verard, Antoine. Illuminated printed Book of Hours. Paris, 1507. Sold for $7,500
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Wetterkurzschlussel. German Weather Report Codebook - for Enigma use. Berlin, 1942. Sold for $225,000
    <b>Bonhams: September 25, New York</b>
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Morelos y Pavon, Jose Maria. Autograph letter signed to El Virrey Venegas, February 5, 1812. Sold for $6,250
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Milne, A.A. Complete set of <i>Winnie-the-Pooh</i> books. 4 volumes. All first issue points. London, 1924-1928. Sold for $5,250
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> A 48-star American Flag, battle worn flown at Guadalcanal and Peleliu, 1942-1944. Sold for $35,000
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Locke, John. Autograph Letter Signed mourning the death of his friend, William Molyneaux, 2 pp, October 27, 1698. Sold for $20,000

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