• <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>
  • <b>Doyle, online only: Angling Books from the Collection of Arnold "Jake" Johnson. July 13-24, 2018</b>
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> Zane Grey, Inscribed photograph album depicting Grey and party at Catalina, fishing, and in Arizona. $700 to $1,000
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> Eric Taverner, Salmon Fishing...London: Seeley, Service & Co., 1931. $600 to $900
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> The Gentleman Angler. $300 to $500
    <b>Doyle, online only: Angling Books from the Collection of Arnold "Jake" Johnson. July 13-24, 2018</b>
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> Ken Robinson, Flyfishers' Progress. [London: The Flyfishers' Club, 2000. $200 to $300
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> G. H. Lacy, North Punjab Fishing Club Angler's Handbook. Calcutta: Newman & Co., 1890. $300 to $500
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> J. Harrington Keene, Fly-Fishing and Fly-Making for Trout, etc. New York, 1887. $200 to $300
    <b>Doyle, online only: Angling Books from the Collection of Arnold "Jake" Johnson. July 13-24, 2018</b>
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> Arthur Macrate, The History of The Tuna Club, Avalon, Santa Catalina Island, California, 1948. $400 to $600
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> Joseph D. Bates Jr. Streamer Fly Tying and Fishing. Harrisburg, PA: The Stackpole Company, 1966. $800 to $1,200
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> Paul Schmookler and Ingrid V. Sils. Rare and Unusual Fly Tying Materials: A Natural History. $300 to $500
    <b>Doyle, online only Jul 13-24:</b> Herbert Hoover, Fishing For Fun - And To Wash Your Soul. New York: Random House, 1963. $400 to $600
  • <b>Potter & Potter Auctions: Fine Books & Manuscripts. July 28, 2018</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 372: Martin Luther King Jr. March for Freedom Now! Placard. Chicago, 1960. 28 x 22”. $3,000 to $6,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 567: Warhol, Andy. Tate Gallery Exhibition Booklet, Signed on the Cover by Warhol. Tate Gallery, 1971. $700 to $900
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 72: Mitchell, Margaret. <i>Gone With the Wind.</i> New York: The Macmillan Co., 1936. First edition, first issue. $4,000 to $5,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions: Fine Books & Manuscripts. July 28, 2018</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 468: Photo Archive Documenting the 1930s—50s Chicago Jazz and Night Club Scene. A significant collection. $2,000 to $4,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 143: Dr. Seuss. <i>Oh Say Can You Say.</i> 1979, First Edition, Signed. $200 to $300
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 285: [Maps] Thomas G. Bradford. <i>A Comprehensive Atlas, Geographical, Historical & Commercial.</i> Boston: William D. Ticknor, 1835. First Edition. $1,600 to $1,800
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions: Fine Books & Manuscripts. July 28, 2018</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 69: Herman Melville. <i>Moby Dick, or The Whale</i>. New York: Random House, 1930. First Kent Trade Edition. $400 to $600
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 295: John James Audoban. Group of 148 Lithographs from the Birds of America. Philadelphia: J.T. Bowen, ca. 1840s. $600 to $800
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 54: Langston Hughes. <i>One-Way Ticket.</i> New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949. First edition. $300 to $500
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions: Fine Books & Manuscripts. July 28, 2018</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 7: Ray Bradbury. <i>The Martian Chronicles.</i> With a Wine Label Signed by Bradbury. Garden City: Doubleday, 1950. First edition $300 to $500
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 121. Frank L Baum. <i>The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.</i> Chicago: George M. Hill Co., 1899, 1900. First Edition. $4,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July. 28:</b> Lot 369. [Declaration of Independence] Peter Force Engraving of the Declaration of Independence. One page; 29 x 26”. From the "American Archives" 1837-1853 series of books. $15,000 to $20,000
  • <b>Skinner: Early English Books<br>A Single Owner Sale. July 20, 2018</b>
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> Cranmer, Thomas (1489-1556). <i>Catechismus, That is to Say, a Shorte Instruction into Christian Religion...</i> London, 1548. First edition. $12,000 to $18,000
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> Donne, John (1572-1631). <i>Pseudo-Martyr.</i> London: Printed by W[illiam] Stansby for Walter Burre, 1610. First edition. $25,000 to $35,000
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> Fletcher, Giles (1549?-1611). <i>The Russe Common Wealth, or Maner of Gouernement by the Russe Emperour…</i> London, 1591. First edition. $15,000 to $25,000
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> Gabelkover, Oswald (1539-1616). <i>The Boock of Physicke.</i> Dordrecht: Isaack Caen, 1599. First edition. $12,000 to $15,000
    <b>Skinner: Early English Books<br>A Single Owner Sale. July 20, 2018</b>
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> Galileo, Galilei (1564-1642) trans. Thomas Salusbury (d. 1666). <i>Mathematical Collections and Translations the First Tome.</i> London, 1661. First edition of Galileo's works in English. $35,000 to $50,000
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> Higden, Ranulphus (d. 1364). <i>Polycronicon.</i> Translated by John Trevisa, with the 1357-1460 <i>Continuation</i> by William Caxton. Southwark, 1527. $15,000 to $25,000
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> Randolph, Bernard (b. 1643). <i>The Present State of the Morea, Called Anciently Peloponnesus…</i> London, 1689. [Bound with] <i>The Present State of the Islands of the Archipelago…</i> $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Skinner, July 20:</b> <i>The Great Herball Newly Corrected.</i> London, 1539. Folio, ESTC lists three U.S. copies; the last copy offered at auction was incomplete and sold in 1949. $25,000 to $35,000

Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - November - 2017 Issue

The Languages of South Asia from John Randall

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Languages of South Asia.

John Randall Books of Asia has issued a selection of The Languages of South Asia, a catalogue of books: dictionaries, grammars, manuals, & literature, with several important works on Tibet. The average reader may think there are a couple, maybe a handful of languages in this area centered in India. Not so. Randall notes that according to the 2001 Census of India, 1,721 languages and dialects are spoken in India alone, 20 with more than 1 million speakers, another 31 with at least 100,000. Now we know where the Tower of Babel was located. Randall's catalogue has books covering a mere 34 of these and yet I will admit that I have never heard of many of them. In case you are wondering whether there are any of a language of most interest to you, here they are: Sanskrit, Hindi, Kashmiri, Nepali, Pahari, Pashto, Persian, Panjabi, Saraiki, Urdu, Tibetan, Andamanese, Assamese, Bengali, Bihari, Dafla, Khondi, Kului, Lephcha, Maithili, Mikir, Oriya, Brahui, Gujarati, Marathi, Sindhi, Dakhui, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Tulu, Sinhalese, and Divehi. If you have heard of more than half of these, you are doing better than I. This catalogue is a linguist's dream. Here are a few selections.

 

We begin with a dictionary of the government language of India and the most widely used – Hindi. Indeed, Hindi is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. Here we need to make a few comments in general. Many of these dictionaries are designed to translate Asian languages to English rather than define meaning. Naturally, they would have primarily been prepared during British colonial times. However, they were not most often prepared by government officials, scholars, or linguists. It was the missionaries. They came to Asia to convert the native population, but first they had to know how to communicate with their would-be converts. That was a challenge considering all the different languages, but the missionaries were undaunted, creating dictionaries and grammars of many of the more commonly spoken Asian languages. Item 29 is A Dictionary of the Hindee Language, by John Drew Bate, published in 1875. Bate served as a Baptist missionary in India from 1865-1897. His dictionary was quite an accomplishment, consisting of 50,000 words, double that of the previous standard dictionary. Bate also revised the Old and New Testaments in Hindi, along with writing an anti-Islamic poem, but this was his most notable work. Priced at £125 (British pounds, or approximately $165 U.S. dollars).

 

Next we have the first Urdu dictionary, which requires some explanation as author John Borthwick Gilchrist calls it "Hindoostanee." Urdu and Hindi are variants of Hindustani, languages that are close. Speakers of these language can readily communicate with each other. Urdu is the official language of Pakistan, used primarily by Muslims, the Hindi variant covering a wider swath of India with Hindu populations. However, Urdu is also the primary tongue of several Indian provinces. The recognition of differences between the two may have more to do with the rivalries between faiths and countries than with the languages themselves. Gilchrist's Urdu dictionary is entitled A dictionary, English and Hindoostanee, in which words are marked with their distinguishing initials: as Hinduwee, Arabic and Persian. Whence, the Hindoostanee, or what is vulgarly, but improperly, called the Moor language, is evidently formed. Some more explanation is required here. Hindustani evolved from Arabic and Persian, brought from the West, primarily by Muslims, with a preexisting Indian language of Hindus, which Gilchrist thought was Hinduwee. Hinduwee is similar to Sanskrit, but the use of Sanskrit by upper classes led Gilchrist to contend that it was more of an invented language, a class attribute, while Hinduwee must be the spoken language of the masses. Gilchrist came to India as an assistant surgeon for the East India Company in 1782. He was keenly interested in local languages and their history, publishing this dictionary from 1787-1790. He became the first professor of Hindustani at the College of Fort William in 1800, but later returned to England due to ill health, where he became the first professor of Hindustani at University College, London. Item 59. £3,500 (US $4,605).

 

Here is a book whose subject matter you are not likely to find too many titles covering – Selected agricultural proverbs of the Panjab. Panjab, more often known as "Punjab," is a region in India, home of the Punjabis who speak the Punjabi language. This book contains 1,089 proverbs dealing with agriculture, which seems like a lot of proverbs about anything, but perhaps they are more common in Punjab. Actually, many of these look to be focused on the financial aspects of farming. Among them are, "Starving is a friend, borrowing an enemy," "Rain may stop, but the interest on a debt will not," "Crow, moneylender, and a dog are never to be trusted though asleep," "Who has low land, and high relations, he never will suffer loss," "Laziness and sleep destroy a farmer, as coughing betrays a thief," and "Manure does the work, or God does." I'm a bit confused on the meaning of the last. Author James Robert Maconachie believed proverbs would help reveal the psyche of the local population. Item 53, published in 1890. £650 (US $855).

 

This one is a first, the first book printed in Malayalam. Malayalam is spoken mostly in the Indian state of Kerala, on the southwest coast. In case you think few people speak Malayalam, there are 38 million speakers. Even relatively small languages can have big numbers in a country with a population of over 1.3 billion. The book has its title in both Latin and Malayalam. Here is the Latin version: Compendiosa legis explanatio omnibus Christianis. Even if you don't understand Latin you can surmise this is a religious work. It is a catechism, and rather than being printed somewhere in Kerala, it was printed in Rome. It was published in 1772. Item 163. £950 (US $1,250).

 

Here is one of those difficulties that missionaries faced that you probably never considered, and surprisingly, it led to some serious controversy. The title is, The proper names in the Old and New Testament, rendered into Urdu and Hindi. It was prepared by John A. Shurman, for the Allahabad, North India Bible Society, and printed in 1850 by the Presbyterian Mission Press. Not all that surprisingly, it was something of a challenge to translate all of those names from Biblical antiquity into the various Indian languages. However, the controversy over the names was not the usual Hindu-Muslim split. In this case it was a division within Protestant Christianity. Evidently, the Baptists were not pleased with the Presbyterians' names. Ultimately, the Agra Bible Society that commissioned the work suggested only that it be used as a guide, not a definitive statement. Item 204. £450 (US $592).

 

John Randall Books of Asia may be reached at +44 (0)20 7636 2216 or johnrandall@booksofasia.com. Their website is www.booksofasia.com.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Bonhams: September 25, New York</b>
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM. <i>The Tragedie of Julius Caesar.</i> London, 1623. 1st appearance in print, Complete from the First Folio. Sold for $175,000
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Ernst, Max. <i>Mr. Knife and Miss Fork</i>. Paris, 1932. DELUXE EDITION. Sold for $15,625
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Cage, John. Autograph musical leaf from his Concert for Piano and Orchestra, NY, 1958. Sold for $18,750
    <b>Bonhams: September 25, New York</b>
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Einstein, Albert. Signed Passport Photo for his US citizenship application. Bermuda, 1935. Sold for $17,500
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Verard, Antoine. Illuminated printed Book of Hours. Paris, 1507. Sold for $7,500
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Wetterkurzschlussel. German Weather Report Codebook - for Enigma use. Berlin, 1942. Sold for $225,000
    <b>Bonhams: September 25, New York</b>
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Morelos y Pavon, Jose Maria. Autograph letter signed to El Virrey Venegas, February 5, 1812. Sold for $6,250
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Milne, A.A. Complete set of <i>Winnie-the-Pooh</i> books. 4 volumes. All first issue points. London, 1924-1928. Sold for $5,250
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> A 48-star American Flag, battle worn flown at Guadalcanal and Peleliu, 1942-1944. Sold for $35,000
    <b>Bonhams, June 12 results:</b> Locke, John. Autograph Letter Signed mourning the death of his friend, William Molyneaux, 2 pp, October 27, 1698. Sold for $20,000
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Luis de Lucena, <i>Arte de Ajedres,</i> first edition of the earliest extant manual on modern chess, Salamanca, circa 1496-97. Sold for $68,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Carte-de-visite album with 83 images of prominent African Americans & abolitionists, circa 1860s. Sold for $47,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Gustav Klimt, <i>Das Werk,</i> Vienna & Leipzig, 1918. Sold for $106,250.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Man Ray, <i>[London Transport] – Keeps London Going,</i> 1938. Sold for $149,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Thomas Jefferson, Letter Signed, to Major-General Nathanael Greene, promising reinforcements against Cornwallis, 1781. Sold for $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Nicolas de Fer, <i>L’Amerique Divisee Selon Letendue de ses Principales Parties,</i> Paris, 1713. Sold for $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Russell H. Tandy, <i>The Secret in the Old Attic,</i> watercolor, pencil & ink, 1944. Sold for $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Ernest Hemingway, <i>Three Stories & Ten Poems,</i> first edition of the author's first book, Paris, 1923. Sold for $23,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries:</b> Walker Evans, <i>River Rouge Plant,</i> silver print, 1947. Sold for $57,500.

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