Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - January - 2014 Issue

Discovery and Exploration from Hordern House

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A Patagonian beauty graces the cover of Hordern House's latest catalogue.

Australian bookseller Hordern House has published a catalogue of Discovery & Exploration 1587-1863. This is a large catalogue though it contains only 24 items. Naturally enough, they are important ones. Extensive descriptions and illustrations are deservedly supplied. While most have some sort of Australian connection, that may be only part of the story. For example, the Kent, England, prison records from the late 18th century are primarily a British item, but the punishment some of the convicts suffered was to be transported to Australia. In those days, Australia was not a popular tourist destination. Indeed, most Australian items before the 19th century are bound to have a European connection as well as an Australian one. Here are some of the antiquarian items Hordern House is offering now.

 

We start with the book of convicts from Kent Jail, a 51-page folio manuscript in black and red ink, dating from February 17, 1788 to July 20, 1795. This “delivery book” notes the crimes for which the persons were convicted and the punishment meted out. In some cases, the convicted received pardons. At the other end of the spectrum, some were hanged, and in those days, lesser crimes such as theft could lead to such an extreme result. In between were various penalties from fines, to further imprisonment, sometimes in the terrible, crowded hulks – ships that still floated but were no longer seaworthy. And then, of particular interest to Australia, was the sentence of transportation. With prisons overcrowded and some crimes not quite justifying execution, England dealt with its criminal problem by shipping convicts off to Australia, many months away, with the warning of execution if they returned before their sentence was up. Fourteen of the convicts listed herein were recorded as having been “shipt in Lady Juliana.” This was a convict ship for women prisoners, one that has been described as a “floating brothel” at its ports of call along the way. Many of the voyagers had been convicted of prostitution. Over 200 women were shipped to Australia on this voyage. Some were for seemingly minor crimes such as theft of cloth or clothing, for which they were sentenced to death, but which sentences were commuted to transportation. They were needed to produce future generations of settlers in Australia. Item 10. Priced at AU $48,000 (Australian dollars, or approximately $42,752 U.S. dollars).

 

The young lady on the cover of this catalogue would be about 250 years old now, but in her day, she apparently commanded the attention of some Spanish naval officers. Item 15 consists of two original red chalk portraits by Jose del Pozo Ximenez, circa 1789. Pozo was hired to be an artist on the expedition of Alessandro Malaspina. Malaspina undertook a five-year scientific voyage to the Americas and Far East on behalf of Spain from 1789-1794. They came back with great amounts of information, and the voyage should have been remembered with the greats like those of Cook. Unfortunately, Malaspina got into political trouble back in Spain, was imprisoned for several years, and most of his data suppressed, taking a century and more for much of it to finally come out. These drawings were made fairly early in the voyage when the ships stopped in Patagonia, southern Argentina today. The lady is believed to be one described at length in Malaspina's journal who captivated Spanish officers with her looks and engaging personality. The gentleman is believed to be a chief who was quite tall (though no giant), in keeping with the myth of Patagonian giants. While Malaspina approved of the quality of Pozo's work, he apparently did not appreciate his work ethic, forcing him off the expedition shortly thereafter. Pozo was ordered back to Spain, but ignored the order, settling in Peru for the remainder of his life while founding a painting school in Lima. Item 15. AU $76,000 (US $67,550).

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Caius Julius Hyginus, <i>Poeticon Astronomicon,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1482. $15,000 to $20,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Giovanni Botero, <i>Le Relationi Universali... divise in Sette Parti</i>, Venice, 1618. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> <i>L'Escole des Filles</i>, likely third edition of the first work of pornographic fiction in French, 1676. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Illuminated Book of Hours in Latin on vellum, Flanders, early 16th century. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes Regiomontanus, <i>Calendarium,</i> Venice, 1485. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Pedro de Medina, <i>Libro d[e] gra[n]dezas y cosas memorables de España,</i> Alcalá de Henares, 1566. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b><br>Luis de Lucena, <i>Arte de Ajedres,</i> Salamanca, circa 1496-97. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Andrés Serrano, <i>Los Siete Principes de los Ángeles, válidos de Rey del Cielo,</i> Spain, 1707. $800 to $1,200.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes de Sacrobosco, <i>Sphaera mundi,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1478. $15,000 to $20,000.
  • <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> A Rare 3-rotor German Enigma I Enciphering Machine. $70,000 to $90,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Important collection of correspondence between Werner Heisenberg and Bruno Rossi. $40,000 to $60,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Walt Whitman Autograph manuscript containing his thoughts on death. $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> David Roberts. <i>Holy Land</i>. Six volumes. 1842-1849. First edition. $15,000 to $25,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Extensive collection of Ray Bradbury's primary works, most signed or inscribed. $15,000 to $20,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Peter Force. Declaration of Independence. $12,000 to $18,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Steinbeck. <i>Grapes of Wrath</i>. A fine copy of the first edition. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Lewis & Clark. <i>Travels to the Source of the Missouri River</i>... First English edition, extra-illustrated. 1814. $10,000 to 15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Manuscript document signed by Nuno de Guzman relating to Hernan Cortes, 1528. $8,000 to $12,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> “Nos los inquisidores..." The first book in English printed West of the Mississippi. [1787]. $5,000 to $8,000.

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