Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - May - 2012 Issue

Spectacular Maps and Other Cartographic Items from Daniel Crouch Rare Books

Durerrhino

Albrecht Durer’s rhinoceros.

About 20 years later, Durer well established, he would create a woodcut image of an animal that must have looked as fanciful to Europeans as some of Schedel’s creatures, but this one was very real. This is Durer’s Rhinocervs (or Rhinoceros using today’s lettering). It is dated 1515 but was printed a few years later. In 1515, a live rhinoceros was transported from India as a gift to King Emmanuel of Portugal. Naturally, the beast was quite a sensation. The copy with the image explains that a rhinoceros can defeat an elephant in battle, the latter being defenseless to the beast’s great horn, which he rips into his opponent’s belly. King Emmanuel decided to put the theory to a test. He arranged for a fight between the rhinoceros and an elephant from his collection, but the crowd noise spooked the elephant, who fled without confrontation. By the end of the year, the King decided to make a gift of the animal to Pope Leo X in an attempt to curry favor. The rhinoceros was put on a boat, but the ship sank in a storm and the animal was lost. Durer created his image without ever seeing the rhinoceros. Durer was in Nuremberg while the animal was in Portugal. He created his woodcuts based on two drawing he received, which explains the inaccuracies in Durer’s depiction. Durer’s rhinoceros is covered with hard armorial plates, something the real animal lacks. Durer also showed a smaller second horn at the back of the neck, another feature the real beast lacks. Item 5. £55,000 (US $87,500).


Item 11 is the rare, separately issued Hondius map of the voyages of Drake and Cavendish, circa 1589-1595, Vera Totius Expeditionis Nauticae… Drake and Cavendish were the first two Englishmen to circumnavigate the globe, and numbers two and four overall. Drake was on a financial mission which proved to be most successful, even if he lost four of his five ships. Drake’s purpose was not circumnavigating the globe, but that made sense as he went to the Pacific coast of the Americas to pursue Spanish treasure (he was, in effect, a pirate, or “privateer” since he had the Queen’s permission). He brought back a ton of wealth, and earned the great affection of Queen Elizabeth, who got a 50% share. However, he was required to lay low as she did not wish to offend the Spanish. If treasure was his aim, Drake is now best remembered for his visit to California, which is shown on this map. The peninsula now referred to as “Baja California” is labeled “California,” while to the north, in the area of today’s American state of California, is a land called “New Albion” (New Britain). Drake claimed this territory north of the northernmost Spanish settlement for England, and it would be a basis of British claims for another two and one-half centuries. Drake found a bay in which to rest, repair his ship, and converse with the natives. The location of this bay remains a mystery, though the best guess appears to be a bay just north of San Francisco. Drake supposedly left a plaque, but despite a famous hoax a few decades back, it has never been found. £265,000 (US $421,500).

Item 23 is a Chart of the World…Illustrative of the Impolicy of Slavery. Published circa 1825, it shows the regions on a world map suitable for the cultivation of sugar. It is designed to show the economic disadvantages of the slave system, though moral objections were undoubtedly paramount. While England had earlier outlawed the slave trade, slaves were still used on plantations in the colonies at this time. £2,500 (US $3,975).

Daniel Crouch Rare Books may be reached at +44 (0)20 7042 0240 or info@crouchrarebooks.com. Their website is found at www.crouchrarebooks.com.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Caius Julius Hyginus, <i>Poeticon Astronomicon,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1482. $15,000 to $20,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Giovanni Botero, <i>Le Relationi Universali... divise in Sette Parti</i>, Venice, 1618. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> <i>L'Escole des Filles</i>, likely third edition of the first work of pornographic fiction in French, 1676. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Illuminated Book of Hours in Latin on vellum, Flanders, early 16th century. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes Regiomontanus, <i>Calendarium,</i> Venice, 1485. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Pedro de Medina, <i>Libro d[e] gra[n]dezas y cosas memorables de España,</i> Alcalá de Henares, 1566. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b><br>Luis de Lucena, <i>Arte de Ajedres,</i> Salamanca, circa 1496-97. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Andrés Serrano, <i>Los Siete Principes de los Ángeles, válidos de Rey del Cielo,</i> Spain, 1707. $800 to $1,200.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes de Sacrobosco, <i>Sphaera mundi,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1478. $15,000 to $20,000.
  • <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> A Rare 3-rotor German Enigma I Enciphering Machine. $70,000 to $90,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Important collection of correspondence between Werner Heisenberg and Bruno Rossi. $40,000 to $60,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Walt Whitman Autograph manuscript containing his thoughts on death. $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> David Roberts. <i>Holy Land</i>. Six volumes. 1842-1849. First edition. $15,000 to $25,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Extensive collection of Ray Bradbury's primary works, most signed or inscribed. $15,000 to $20,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Peter Force. Declaration of Independence. $12,000 to $18,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Steinbeck. <i>Grapes of Wrath</i>. A fine copy of the first edition. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Lewis & Clark. <i>Travels to the Source of the Missouri River</i>... First English edition, extra-illustrated. 1814. $10,000 to 15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Manuscript document signed by Nuno de Guzman relating to Hernan Cortes, 1528. $8,000 to $12,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> “Nos los inquisidores..." The first book in English printed West of the Mississippi. [1787]. $5,000 to $8,000.
  • <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Collection of 131 Herbert Ponting gelatin silver contact prints of Antartica, £6000-8000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> One of several lots of Henri Cartier-Bresson gelatin silver prints, £200-300
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Vintage gelatin silver print of Diego Rivera by Leonard McCombe, £300-500
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print portrait by Julia Margaret Cameron of Sir John Herschel (April, 1867), £30,000-50,000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print by Julia Margaret Cameron, Love, 1864 (from the Norman album), £1000-1500
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print by Lewis Carroll of Twyford School Eleven (Summer Term, 1859), £1000-1500
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Albumen print portrait by Lewis Carroll of Xie Kitchin as 'Dane' (Oxford, 1873), £500-800
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Calotype print (c1845) by Hill & Adamson of Lady Elizabeth (Rigby) Eastlake, £3000-4000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Group of 12 waxed paper negatives of Scottish scenes by Thomas Keith, mid-1850s, £3000-5000
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> One of 15 lots of Roger Fenton salt prints of his work in the Crimea, mid-1850s, £400-600
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Quarter plate ambrotype (c.1860s) with ethnographic portrait of a woman seated at a table, £400-600
    <b>Dominic Winter, March 9:</b> Rare whole plate thermoplastic union case of the Landing of Columbus (c.1858),part of the John Hannavy collection, £1500-2000
  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>

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