Rare Book Monthly

Articles - March - 2015 Issue

In The News: A Couple of Book Burnings

Af9395cb-2e70-40b4-99bf-5106a5836d56

Flames rip through Moscow's Institute for Information on Social Sciences.

Among the atrocities committed by the self-styled Islamic State, ISIS, or whatever its name, book burning sounds rather tame. The horrific slaughtering of people conducted by this group long ago revealed its evil nature to all but those whose hearts share in their evil. Nevertheless, the news of their destruction of books is yet another reminder of the connection between tyranny and book burning. This is a reminder to anyone who doubts the importance of books to a civilized society. If they weren't of critical import, the uncivilized would see no cause to destroy them.

 

According to the Associated Press, militants broke into the library in Mosul, Iraq, and took around 2,000 books off in six trucks. The books mostly covered a variety of seemingly noncontroversial subjects, such as sports, health, culture, science, and children's books. A man who demanded anonymity for fear of reprisals told a reporter one of the militants said, “These books promote infidelity and call for disobeying Allah. So they will be burned.”

 

A few days later, militants broke into the University of Mosul's library and burned hundreds of science and cultural books in front of the students. However, not all of the books from the libraries have been burned. It is believed that those that are of value on the black market were preserved for their monetary value, money trumping principles among the unprincipled.

 

Finally, a few days ago, ISIS supporters detonated bombs planted in the Mosul library. Early reports estimated 8,000 books and manuscripts were destroyed in the ensuing fire, though some believe the number may be far greater. The Mosul Library's website now gives only a message “This Account Has Been Suspended.”

 

This is hardly the first time in history invaders have destroyed books in Iraqi libraries. The Mongols dumped many books into the Tigris River during the 13th century. More recently, during the chaos following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, residents hid ancient texts in their homes, but with threats of death this time from the ISIS militants, residents may be less willing to take on such risks. It is believed that many century-old and more books and newspapers have already been destroyed.

 

There was a much larger book burning in Russia. Estimates are that 1-2 million books and documents were damaged or destroyed. However, the circumstances of this book burning were far different. These books were consumed by a fire that roared through the upper floors of the main library of the Institute for Information on Social Sciences, part of the Russian Academy of Sciences, in Moscow. The fire struck on the last day of January and took a full 24 hours to extinguish. By the time it was, some 2,000 square meters of space had been completely destroyed, with as many as 2 million items either destroyed or damaged. Material on the top floor was, for the most part, charred beyond salvage, while items on lower floors, damaged by water, may yet be recoverable. Institute Director Yury Pivovarov was quoted by Russian online media RT as saying, “After the water damage, thanks to modern technology, it is possible to save the books. But after the fire...We cannot turn ashes back into paper.”

 

Vladimir Fortov, head of the Academy of Sciences, told Russian media, “This is a great loss for science. It is the world’s largest depository of this kind, similar, probably, to the Library of Congress. Here we have the materials which cannot be found elsewhere, and all humanitarian institutions used this library.” Some material was unique, and most items had no electronic copies. Fortov commented that the remains of the library “resembles Chernobyl.”

 

The library was founded in 1918 and possessed around 14 million books and documents, including the only Russian collection of extensive material relating to the League of Nations, the United Nations, and UNESCO, reports from the U.S. dating back to 1789 and from Britain back to 1803, and many ancient and modern Russian and eastern European texts. Mr. Pivovarov said, “The library will need more than just a restoration, it needs complete reconstruction.” He estimated the project will take years.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Caius Julius Hyginus, <i>Poeticon Astronomicon,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1482. $15,000 to $20,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Giovanni Botero, <i>Le Relationi Universali... divise in Sette Parti</i>, Venice, 1618. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> <i>L'Escole des Filles</i>, likely third edition of the first work of pornographic fiction in French, 1676. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Illuminated Book of Hours in Latin on vellum, Flanders, early 16th century. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes Regiomontanus, <i>Calendarium,</i> Venice, 1485. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Pedro de Medina, <i>Libro d[e] gra[n]dezas y cosas memorables de España,</i> Alcalá de Henares, 1566. $3,000 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:<br>Early Printed, Medical, Scientific & Travel Books</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b><br>Luis de Lucena, <i>Arte de Ajedres,</i> Salamanca, circa 1496-97. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Andrés Serrano, <i>Los Siete Principes de los Ángeles, válidos de Rey del Cielo,</i> Spain, 1707. $800 to $1,200.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 8:</b> Johannes de Sacrobosco, <i>Sphaera mundi,</i> first illustrated edition, Venice, 1478. $15,000 to $20,000.
  • <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> A Rare 3-rotor German Enigma I Enciphering Machine. $70,000 to $90,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Important collection of correspondence between Werner Heisenberg and Bruno Rossi. $40,000 to $60,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Walt Whitman Autograph manuscript containing his thoughts on death. $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> David Roberts. <i>Holy Land</i>. Six volumes. 1842-1849. First edition. $15,000 to $25,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Extensive collection of Ray Bradbury's primary works, most signed or inscribed. $15,000 to $20,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Peter Force. Declaration of Independence. $12,000 to $18,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Steinbeck. <i>Grapes of Wrath</i>. A fine copy of the first edition. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Lewis & Clark. <i>Travels to the Source of the Missouri River</i>... First English edition, extra-illustrated. 1814. $10,000 to 15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> Manuscript document signed by Nuno de Guzman relating to Hernan Cortes, 1528. $8,000 to $12,000
    <b>Bonhams, Feb. 11:</b> “Nos los inquisidores..." The first book in English printed West of the Mississippi. [1787]. $5,000 to $8,000.

Article Search

Archived Articles

Ask Questions